Prague Jubilee Exhibition 1891

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Rudolf Bruner-Dvořák: Photo of the large gate of the anniversary exhibition

The Prague Anniversary Exhibition (Czech: Jubilejní zemská výstava), in 1891 in the Holešovice district, was an exhibition of the Czech businessmen of the Danube Monarchy , namely the industry. The show, which was designed with great ambition and based on the national Czech idea, took the Vienna World Exhibition of 1873 as a model to be surpassed. It introduced Czech industry and agriculture, handicrafts, services and arts, and science and technology, and celebrated national traditions.


The anniversary exhibition of 1891 took the centenary of the first industrial exhibition in Prague and at the same time the first industrial exhibition of the European continent in 1791 and the coronation of Emperor Leopold II as King of Bohemia - a coronation that Franz Joseph I. never came to. It enriched Prague with a number of buildings, some of which have been preserved to this day: for example the Petřín funicular ( Lanovka na Petřín ) on the Petřín ( Laurenziberg ) and the Petřín lookout tower there, which is modeled on the Paris Eiffel Tower on a 1: 5 scale (The Stimulus for the construction of this tower ( Petřínská rozhledna ) came from Club českých turistů ( Club of Czech Tourists ). The construction of the tower took six months at the time, and after two years of repair work, it was reopened to the public in 2002. The historicist Hanavský pavilion of the anniversary exhibition has been located in Letná Park since 1898 as a garden restaurant .

The most important structural relic of the anniversary exhibition of 1891 is the industrial palace Průmyslový palác, on Výstaviště Praha (Prague exhibition grounds). The listed building in neo-baroque style with echoes of early Art Nouveau impressed with a 238 m long steel arch construction and a 51 m high tower in the middle. The Prague architectural historian Zdeněk Lukeš referred above all to the importance of the metal framework construction by the architect Bedřich Münzberger, who, under the influence of the Paris World Exhibition of 1889, converted the plan for a brick building into a combined construction of glass and metal at the last moment. The entire left wing of the industrial palace fell victim to a major fire in October 2008.

Other preserved buildings from the Prague anniversary exhibition include the labyrinth near the observation tower . This still houses a mirror labyrinth and a diorama painting depicting the fight against the Swedes on Charles Bridge in the Thirty Years' War.

The Prague anniversary exhibition, which lasted from May 15 to October 18, 1891, was a great success with the Czech public, but was largely boycotted by German-Bohemian industry because of its national Czech orientation. The large landowner Karl Fürst Schwarzenberg and the Prague industrialists Franz von Ringhoffer (mechanical engineering) and Emil von Kubinzky (textiles) did not join this front of rejection.


  • Peter Heumos (Ed.): Poland and the Bohemian Countries in the 19th and 20th Century Politics and Society in Comparison. Lectures at the meetings of the Collegium Carolinum in Bad Wiessee from November 15 to 17, 1991. Oldenbourg, Munich 1997, ISBN 978-3-486-56021-3 .
  • František Kolář, Milan Hlavačka. Jubilejní výstava 1891.  Slovo k historii, born 1991/28.

Web links

Commons : Prague Jubilee Exhibition 1891  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Industrial exhibition 1791
  2. ^ General national exhibition in Prague in 1891. In: December 27, 2009. Retrieved June 17, 2017 .