Pietro Parente

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Pietro Cardinal Parente (born February 16, 1891 in Casalnuovo Monterotaro , Foggia Province , Italy , † December 29, 1986 in Rome ) was an Italian theologian, archbishop and later cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church .


Pietro Parente received his theological and philosophical training in Benevento , Rome and Naples . He received on 18 March 1916, the sacrament of Holy Orders and led then ten years as rain the Seminary of Naples. From 1926 to 1934 and from 1940 to 1955 he worked as a lecturer at the Pontifical Lateran University and was an employee of the Holy Office. From 1934 to 1938 he was rector of the Pontifical Athenaeum De Propaganda Fide , and from 1938 to 1940 he founded the Faculty of Theology and Canon Law in Naples. In 1940 Parente returned to Rome.

In 1952 Pope Pius XII appointed him . the Apostolic prothonotary , 1953 canon at the Basilica of San Pietro in Vaticano , 1955 to Archbishop of Perugia . The episcopal ordination received Pietro Parente on 23 October 1955 by Federico Cardinal Tedeschini in St. Peter's Basilica ; Co-consecrators were Luigi Traglia and Pietro Sigismondi . Pope John XXIII Appointed Pietro Parente in 1959 as Assessor of the Holy Office and titular Archbishop of Ptolemais in Thebaide .

Pietro Parente took part in the Second Vatican Council from 1962 to 1965 . There he initially belonged to the conservative wing, but in September 1964 he sided with Giuseppe Alberigo , who called for greater collegiality among the bishops. In December 1965 he became secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith . He resigned from this office in 1967. Pope Paul VI took him on June 26, 1967 as a cardinal priest with the titular church of San Lorenzo in Lucina in the college of cardinals . Cardinal Parente died on December 29, 1986 at the age of 95 in Rome and was buried in the Shrine of Vergine della Rocca in Casalnuovo Monterotaro. When he died he was the oldest cardinal in the world.

Pietro Parente is considered one of the most important Italian theologians of the Roman school of the 20th century.


  • Michele di Ruberto: Bibliografia del Cardinale Pietro Parente. Città del Vaticano 1991.

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predecessor Office successor
Mario Vianello Archbishop of Perugia
Raffaele Baratta
--- Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
Paul-Pierre Philippe OP