The business economist has a higher commercial education and fulfills commercial or business management tasks in company areas such as marketing , controlling , human resources , accounting and taxation .
General job description and skills
The following specialist skills are usually the focus of training:
- In the area of financing , the business economist should be able to provide the necessary liquidity , raise equity and debt capital , suggest suitable instruments for internal or external financing to the entrepreneur and be responsible for controlling with the help of suitable management systems and key figures .
- In the area of accounting , the creation of cost and performance accounting , management of payroll and financial accounting , creation of the BWA , investment accounting , budget determination and management for marketing measures or personnel development as well as the management of strategic, operational and departmental controlling are important.
- In the area of marketing it comes to analyzing the market situation, market research and defining the elements of the marketing mix , as well as the control of procurement marketing. Further contents are sales management and employee management in sales, complaint management and quality management with regard to customer loyalty and image.
- In the area of human resources which are human resource planning , the staff scheduling , instruments and strategies of recruitment and optimization of personnel costs , personnel development planning and personnel management with the areas of payroll , welfare , compliance with workplace regulations and ensuring measures for the prevention of accidents at work and, for example, as a personnel manager and the accompaniment conflict-free layoffs of employees.
- In the area of organization , the business economist should be able to design structure and process organization , initiate and supervise a continuous improvement process (CIP) in the company, lead quality management and, last but not least, coordinate the flow of goods and services ( logistics ).
- In the field of production , the business economist should be able to carry out capacity planning in practical coordination with the technicians or service providers, calculate the profitability of materials management and various location variants or external production , and be able to coordinate certification procedures for quality management and be familiar with methods of rationalization .
- In the area of business law is primarily the observance of trade , competition , employment and social security regulations of importance. In addition, company-specific should business conditions written and easy circumstances trial court processes can be performed on behalf of the entrepreneur.
The business economist in Germany
The term business economist is used in Germany for a variety of training and further education, which either lead to an academic degree (e.g. diploma , bachelor , master ) or to a state degree (e.g. state-certified business economist ) or to a publicly recognized professional qualification ( e.g. business economists from the IHK and HWK ) or lead to an internal degree from a private further education provider, which are not professional qualifications in the strict sense (e.g. business economist ( ILS ) or business diploma from VWA ).
As an alternative to vocational training and professional development , it is also possible to study business administration at a university , university of applied sciences or dual university or vocational academy.
At universities of applied sciences, the diploma course in business administration lasted seven to eight semesters and often ended with the academic degree of Diplom-Betriebswirt (FH) . At the university, the duration of study was eight to ten semesters, and the degree was usually a business graduate .
As part of the Bologna Process , the diploma courses were replaced by Bachelor and Master courses. Academic business administrators are increasingly trained in a specialized way due to the numerous new Bachelor courses. Examples include the specializations in the functional area such as marketing, production, human resources, accounting, controlling or taxes or the specializations in the institutional area such as banking, healthcare, public service or industry.
In addition, there is the continuing education MBA course , which does not build on the content of a previous economics course and is aimed at graduates from other disciplines such as engineers, natural scientists and humanities scholars, lawyers and medical professionals who want to prepare for management positions and an alternative to a business management course search. Depending on the program, economists can also specialize through an MBA.
Diplom-Betriebswirt (BA) / (DH)
The degree in business administration (BA) was awarded as a state qualification by vocational academies after completing a six-semester course in business administration . In some federal states (Baden-Württemberg, Saxony, Berlin) it was a qualification in the tertiary education sector . All vocational academies are now accredited and are allowed to award Bachelor degrees; In terms of university law, these bachelor’s courses are equivalent to bachelor’s degrees from universities.
The Baden-Württemberg Cooperative State University (DH) is the successor institution to the previous vocational academies in Baden-Württemberg. Graduates of the previous BA can have their state degree Diplom-Betriebswirt (vocational academy) , which is not an academic degree, postgraduate to the academic degree Diplom-Betriebswirt (dual university) at the DH.
Studying at a vocational academy should demonstrate solid practical relevance, as it is completed together with in-company training. In contrast to studying at a university, the range of subjects is designed for a specific subject / professional field such as taxes and examinations or service marketing.
The business economist (BA) is assigned to DQR level 6 and is therefore equivalent to the bachelor's degree from universities.
The main differences arise in terms of the length of time and the type of course (full-time or part-time), the entry requirements and the type of degree (as a state examination or a chamber examination). Compared to university degrees, these courses build on vocational training and relevant professional experience and are designed to be more practical.
State-certified business manager
The Certified Business Administration (Engl. State Examined Business Manager ) is a degree, by a two-year trade school full-time (optional three to four years part-time) at academies or specialist schools for business to at least 2,400 hours Teaching extent than have passed an national examination at from the technical school / technical academy. The examination tasks are created by the teachers at technical schools and require the approval of the responsible state authority in order to ensure a minimum standard. At the Bavarian technical academies, on the other hand, the examinations are created centrally by the Bavarian Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs .
As a rule, the entry requirement is a completed commercial apprenticeship and then at least 12 months of professional experience.
The state-certified business economist is assigned to DQR level 6 and is therefore equivalent to the bachelor's degree from universities.
Certified business economist
The certified business economist (formerly IHK business economist ) is a commercial advancement training which concludes with a publicly recognized examination before a committee of the Chamber of Industry and Commerce . The certified business economist , together with the certified technical business economist and the certified professional pedagogue, represent the highest level of the IHK advanced training system.
The DIHK framework plan provides for 745 teaching hours. Admission requirements for uniform federal inspection is usually having passed the IHK upgrading training for specialized merchant or business administrator .
The Certified Business Administration is by the German Standing Conference on March 17, 2016 the GQF been assigned -level 7, it is therefore at the same level as Master's degree of higher education .
Certified technical business economist
The certified technical business economist is advanced training according to the Vocational Training Act (BBiG), which is intended to prepare you to work in companies in different economic sectors at the interface between technology, production and business administration.
The DIHK framework plan provides for 680 teaching hours. As a rule, the admission requirement for the nationwide examination is a successfully completed IHK advancement training to become an industrial foreman , technician , certified technical specialist , or a completed engineering degree (without business administration part).
The certified technical business economist was assigned DQR level 7 by the German Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs on March 17, 2016 , and is therefore on the same level as master’s degrees from universities .
Certified business economist according to the craft regulations
The certified business economist according to the Crafts Code ( Geprüfter Betriebswirt (HwO) , formerly Betriebswirt HWK ) is an advanced training and the highest training in the craft , which ends with a Germany-wide recognized public-law training examination before a committee of the Chamber of Crafts .
According to the framework curriculum, the standard time value for face-to-face teaching is 700 hours. As a rule, the admission requirement for the nationwide examination is a master craftsman's certificate in a skilled trade.
Even the Certified Business Administration (HwO) is according to the German Standing Conference on March 17, 2016 the GQF been assigned -level 7, it is therefore at the same level as Master's degrees of higher education .
According to the examination regulations of July 28, 2016 (§ 14), successful graduates of the Landesakademie des Handwerks Baden-Württemberg e. V. the professional title of state-recognized business economist in the craft .
Other well-known business economists
- Economist VWA)
- Banking economist (requirement: banking specialist )
- Event business economist
- Insurance business economist (requirement: insurance specialist)
- Savings bank economist
- Textile business economist
The business economist in Switzerland
The qualified business economist HF is a federally recognized professional title in Switzerland. The diploma is awarded after successfully completing three-year, part-time, practice-oriented studies at a higher technical school .
- Framework curriculum for business administration according to HWO, PDF file
- Business economist according to the craft regulations, PDF file
- ^ Resolution of the Conference of Ministers of Education and Cultural Affairs of October 15, 2004
- ^ Conference of Ministers of Education, September 29, 1995
- ^ KMK decision of October 25, 2004
- ↑ a b DQR: State-certified business economist equal to the Bachelor - DAA Business Academy . In: DAA Business Academy . March 29, 2012 ( daa-wirtschaftsakademie.de [accessed February 16, 2017]).
- ^ Resolution of the Standing Conference of November 7, 2002
- ↑ z. B. Hessen, Ordinance on training and examinations at one- and two-year technical schools in this case of 7 May 2007, § 21
- ^ Horst Philipp Bauer: The development of the public technical schools for business, specializing in business administration, in Hesse and their evaluation by their students . Dissertation, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 2001 ( online as PDF, 43 MB ).
- ↑ a b c German qualifications framework - qualifications of professional advancement training assigned to DQR level 7. Retrieved February 16, 2017 .
- ↑ Examination regulations for the Chamber of Crafts in Freiburg, Karlsruhe, Mannheim and Stuttgart "State-recognized business economist in the craft". (PDF; 181 KB) Baden-Württemberg Chambers of Commerce, State Academy, July 2016, accessed on October 19, 2018 .
- ↑ dipl. Business economist HF / dipl. Business economist HF. In: SERI professional directory. State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation , October 8, 2018, accessed on October 20, 2018 .