A house planned for music festivals in 1890 was intended as a multi-purpose building to appeal to broader sections of the population than the traditional Viennese music association, which is only 200 meters away . The design by the architect Ludwig Baumann for an Olympion included several concert halls, an ice rink and a bicycle club . In addition, an open-air arena should offer space for 40,000 visitors. The ice rink and its perimeter development were built in 1899 according to Baumann's plans, but the Art Nouveau ensemble fell victim to the InterContinental Hotels Group in Vienna in 1960 . The Viennese ice-skating club is still based on the square, which was reduced by about a third at the time. The popular freestyle wrestling at Am Heumarkt also took place here.
The 1908 Vienna Art Show, organized by Gustav Klimt and his friends, took place in a temporary exhibition building on the site of the later concert hall that was not yet built. The Wiener Konzerthaus was finally built between 1911 and 1913 by the Viennese theater architect Ferdinand Fellner the Elder, who worked across Europe . J. and Hermann Helmer ( Fellner & Helmer office ) in collaboration with Ludwig Baumann.
The motto of the concert hall was:
- A place for the care of noble music, a gathering point for artistic endeavors, a house for music and a house for Vienna.
In the afternoon of October 19, 1913, the concert hall was opened in the presence of Emperor Franz Joseph I , followed in the evening by a gala concert by the orchestra of the Wiener Konzertverein (today's Wiener Symphoniker ) led by Ferdinand Löwe . Richard Strauss composed his Festive Prelude op. 61 for this . This modern work was combined with Beethoven's 9th Symphony - the juxtaposition of tradition and modernity should become clear in the first concert of the house.
The disintegration of Austria-Hungary in 1918 brought enormous social upheavals and financial crises - and so flexibility and versatility were necessary due to a lack of money. In addition to the classical repertoire, there were important world premieres in the 1920s and 1930s (including by Arnold Schönberg and Erich Wolfgang Korngold ), concerts with jazz and hits , lectures ranging from science to spiritualism and poetry readings (including by Karl Kraus ). Dance and ball events, some large congresses and world championships for boxing and fencing rounded off the program.
After 1945 the concert hall also had the secondary task of helping the broken Austrian self-confidence in a musical way. In addition to the standard classical and romantic repertoire and the Viennese waltz, there were also world premieres (e.g. Schönberg's oratorio Die Jakobsleiter 1961) as well as international jazz and pop concerts . As of May 1946, rooms for recording studios and administration were rented to the German music producer Gerhard Mendelson , who lives in Vienna and is considered one of the most important hit producers in Austria in the post-war period.
After several renovations that slightly changed the original Art Nouveau decoration, the house was restored from 1972 to 1975 according to the original plans that were only slightly changed. From 1998 to 2001 the house was completely renovated under the architect Hans Puchhammer and a new concert hall (the New Hall , now the Berio Hall ) was added.
From 1989 to 2002 the Vienna Kathrein Dance also took place in the Konzerthaus .
The concert hall, which has a floor plan of around 70 by 40 meters with the main entrance on Lothringerstrasse and further entrances on Lisztstrasse and Am Heumarkt, has included three concert halls since it opened:
Large hall with 1865 seats (1116 visitors on the ground floor, 361 visitors on the balcony and boxes, 388 visitors in the gallery).
The auditorium is 750 m², the podium 170 m². In the 1960s, the hall was optimized by Heinrich Keilholz .
- Mozart Hall with 704 seats
- Schubert -Saal with 366 seats
- The Berio room (with approx. 400 seats) was only built during the general renovation from 1998 to 2002. At the beginning of the 2009/2010 season it was renamed from Neuer Saal to Berio-Saal .
The inscription is on the front of the house, to the right and left of the entrance
- Honor your German masters, then you will banish good spirits .
Different concerts can take place in all halls at the same time as they do not affect each other acoustically.
Inside, in the foyer, is the original model of the Beethoven monument created by Kaspar von Zumbusch , which is set up opposite the concert hall on Beethovenplatz and was unveiled in 1880. At the staircase there is the relief Homage to Emperor Franz Joseph (1913) by Edmund Hellmer . A bust of Franz Liszt by Max Klinger around 1904 should also be mentioned.
The building of the Imperial and Royal Academy of Music and Performing Arts (now the University of Music and Performing Arts ) also belongs to the concert hall complex . In addition to rooms for university teaching, this part of the building also includes the academy theater with 521 seats, which is used as the second stage of the Burgtheater for world premieres of modern plays.
Concert organ in the great hall
The organ in the Great Hall was built in 1913 by the Rieger Orgelbau company (Jägerndorf, Silesia). The instrument is located on the front wall of the large hall, but has no visible prospect. The organ is located behind a grille and is therefore hidden from the visitors. The Kegelladen instrument has 116 stops on five manual works and a pedal, making it the largest currently (2018) playable organ in Austria. One of the special features of the organ is that four of the manual works are swellable. In addition, the organ includes a (swellable) remote mechanism with its own pedal mechanism. Stylistically, the organ is based on the ideal of the so-called “Alsatian organ reform”, with the strong voices divided into two manuals based on the example of large instruments by Aristide Cavaillé-Coll . The actions are electro-pneumatic. For the inauguration of the instrument, Richard Strauss composed the “Festive Prelude” for organ and orchestra (op. 61). In 1982 and 2015/16, the instrument was extensively restored.
- Normal coupling: II / I, III / I, IV / I, V / I, P / I, III / II, IV / II, V / II, I / II, IV / III, V / P, I / P, II / P, III / P, IV / P
- Super octave coupling: II / I, III / I, IV / I, V / I, III / I, IV / I, III / II, IV / II, IV, V, I / P, IV / P.
- Sub-octave coupling: III / II.
- Playing aids : Free combinations (5 banks times 1000 = 5000 general setter), storage (roller off, coupling from roller, coupling to IV from roller, manual 16 ′ off, tongues off (as push buttons), main pedal off, remote pedal off (as toggle buttons) , Single tongue storage), Tutti (push button), main pedal down, Fernwerk pedal down, sill V can be coupled to swell step II (toggle button), steps in interaction with toggle buttons (coupling I – IV to P, normal coupling II – IV to I, roller off), Register crescendo (roller for the organist, coupled with a second roller for the registrant).
The Konzerthaus is the main venue for the Vienna Symphony Orchestra , the Vienna Chamber Orchestra and the Vienna Sound Forum . The Wiener Singakademie has had its permanent home in the Konzerthaus since 1913 . In addition to the Vienna Philharmonic , foreign orchestras, soloists and chamber music ensembles are regular guests at the Wiener Konzerthausgesellschaft's own events. There are also numerous events by other organizers in the concert hall. So z. B. the candy ball , but also concerts from the fields of jazz and world music .
The program of the Wiener Konzerthausgesellschaft also includes some festivals, for example
- the Festival for Early Music Resonances in January
- the Vienna Spring Festival
- the International Music Festival
- Wien Modern in autumn
Between 2003 and 2006 there was the series with the latest music generator .
Since 2008, a festival has been held every year at the beginning of the season, focusing on a specific region or cultural community. The festival kicked off in September 2008 with the two-day festival Spot On: Yiddishness , at which a cross-section of the diversity of Jewish music creation was presented. The annual national holiday concert has been held in the Wiener Konzerthaus since 2014 .
In addition, the annual film music gala concerts “ Hollywood in Vienna ” have been taking place since 2009 , at which famous contemporary film composers are honored with the Max Steiner Film Music Achievement Award .
General secretaries or directors
- Hugo Botstiber (1913-1938)
- Armin Caspar Hochstetter (1938–1945)
- Friedrich Reidinger (1940–1945) (representing Hochstetter, who was on leave for army service)
- Egon Seefehlner (1946–1961)
- Peter Weiser (1961–1977)
- Hans Landesmann (1978–1984)
- Alexander Pereira (1984-1991)
- Karsten Witt (1991-1996)
- Christoph Lieben-Seutter (1996-2007)
In 2007 the Konzerthausgesellschaft decided to designate the management position, previously Secretary General, as artistic director.
- Erwin Barta: The Wiener Konzerthaus between 1945 and 1961. A study of the history of clubs and the music industry . Schneider, Tutzing 2001, ISBN 3-7952-1037-2 .
- Günter Lade: Organs in Vienna . Edition Lade, 1990, ISBN 3-9500017-0-0 .
- JK: The ceremonial inauguration of the new concert hall. In the presence of the emperor. In: Neue Freie Presse , Afternoon Journal, No. 17658, October 20, 1913, pp. 5 f. (Online at ANNO ). .
- Information about the organ on the website of the Konzerthaus; see. also the information (PDF; 566 kB) of the GDO
- The great Rieger organ in the Vienna Konzerthaus . Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- orf.at - Europe's largest concert organ restored . Article dated February 22, 2016, accessed February 22, 2016.
- konzerthaus.at - Spot on Yiddishness (accessed on September 6, 2008)
-  - Matthias Naske appointed as artistic director of the Wiener Konzerthaus from July 2013 (accessed on January 2, 2013)