St. Laurent

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St. Laurent
Synonyms Saint Laurent, Pinot Saint Laurent, Laurenzitraube, Svatovavřinecké, Svätovavrinecké - for more see section Synonyms
St. Laurent
Art Grape vine ( Vitis vinifera subsp. Vinifera )
Berry color blue black
origin Austria
known since 1860
VIVC no. 10470

Burgundy seedling

List of grape varieties
St. Laurent in the book by Viala & Vermorel

St. Laurent is a highly aromatic red wine from the Burgundy family .

Descent, origin

The vine is a natural Burgundy seedling.

The origin of the variety is in France or Lower Austria.

The St. Laurent was introduced to Germany from France around the middle of the 19th century by the German pharmacist and viticulture pioneer Johann Philipp Bronner . From there, the grape variety spread to neighboring countries, where it is still relatively common in Austria . In Klosterneuburg it was first planted and spread 1860th The first written mention of St. Laurent in Austria dates back to 1860.

The name may be due to the fact that the first berries are ripe for eating around Laurence Day (August 10th). The fact that the municipality of Saint-Laurent in the Médoc has anything to do with the naming is considered to be impossible.

Ampelographic features

  • The shoot tip is yellowish green and hairy with white wool.
  • The growth is strong and upright.
  • The leaf is coarse, not very indented, medium-sized, wavy, shiny.
  • The grape is medium-sized, elongated, dense berries with small, hard-skinned, black-blue colored, medium-sized oval berries.

Maturity: medium early


  • Requires good locations with deep, calcareous, medium-heavy, but not too heavy and fertile soils.


The yield is medium, but uncertain.


Sankt Laurent is cultivated on 3,664 hectares worldwide


The variety in Austria has grown to 415 hectares since 1999 and expanded to 778 hectares by 2009. From 2009 the area under cultivation decreased to 724 hectares (2015) and is particularly common in the Thermenregion and Neusiedlersee wine-growing regions .

The vineyards in Austria were distributed among the individual growing areas in 2009 as follows:

Wine region Area ha
Wachau 12
Kremstal 17th
Kamptal 47
Traisental 4th
Wagram 17th
Weinviertel 79
Carnuntum 23
Thermal region 148
Lake Neusiedl 334
Neusiedlersee hill country 49
Central Burgenland 22nd
Southern Burgenland 0.7
Vienna 9
Southeast Styria 7th
Southern Styria 7th
West Styria 0
Total Austria 2009 778


The grape variety was part of the mixed set in viticulture for a long time in Germany , but has almost died out since the 1950s. The remaining area under vines is said to have been just 27 hectares. With the renaissance of red wine there towards the end of the 20th century, this old variety also received new honors. In Germany in 2010 657 hectares (= 0.7% of the German vineyard area) were planted with the St. Laurent grape variety, after only 185 hectares were surveyed in 2001.

The vineyards in Germany were distributed among the individual growing areas as follows in 2015:

Wine region Area ha
to bathe 14th
Francs 4th
Hessian mountain road 6th
Moselle 11
Near 20th
Palatinate 295
Rheingau 6th
Rheinhessen 291
Württemberg 5
Total Germany 2007 643

Other countries


In terms of quality, the St. Laurent lies between the undemanding Portuguese and the high-quality Pinot Noir or Pinot noir . Its berries are less thin-skinned and therefore not as prone to injury as those of the Pinot Noir. The wine is of medium body and has an intense scent of wild berries and black cherries .


Blauer Saint Laurent, Chvartser, Laourentstraoube, Laurentzitraube, Laurenztraube, Lorentstraube, Lorenztraube, Lovrecanka Crna, Lovrenac Crni, Lovricanka, Lovrijenac, Lovrijenac Crni, Magdalena Nera, Pinot Saint Laurent, Pinot Sent Laourent, Pinot St. Laurent, Saint Laurent Noir Lorentz, Sankt Laurent, Sankt Lorenztraube, Sant Lorentz, Schwarzer, Schwarzer Lorenztraube, Sent Laourent, Sent Lovrenka, Sentlovrenka, Shentlovrenka, Shvartser, St. Laurent, Svaety Lorinc, Svati Vavrinetz, Svatovavrinecke, Svatovavrinetske, Svatovavrin Vincrine, Svatovavetz Vincrine Szent Loerinczi, Szent Loerine, Szentloerinc, Vavrinak.

New breeds

The red Zweigelt grape variety is a new Austrian variety from 1922 by Friedrich Zweigelt (1888–1964), later director of the Federal Research Institute for Viticulture and Fruit Growing Klosterneuburg (1938–1945), from St. Laurent and Blaufränkisch . The Zweigeltrebe is the most common red grape variety in Austria. Like the Zweigelt, André comes from a cross between Blaufränkisch and St. Laurent. The variety originated in Velké Pavlovice / Großpawlowitz in the Czech Republic in 1961 and has been registered in the state list of varieties of the Czech Republic since 1980 . She was bred by Jaroslav Horák (1922–1994) at the Institute Šlechtitelská stanice vinařská ve Velkých Pavlovicích .

Neronet is also a red grape variety. The intersection of the new variety was made (German spelling: Wilhelm Kraus) by Vilém Kraus at the Department of gardening and landscaping of the Mendel University of Agriculture and Forestry Brno in Lednice , Czech Republic. Neronet is a cross of (St. Laurent x Blauer Portugieser ) x ( Alicante Bouschet x Cabernet Sauvignon ).

Gm 6494 (or Geisenheim 6494) was a seedling population that was crossed in 1964 by Vilém Kraus from the grape varieties Zarya Severa x St. Laurent. Kraus offered the seedlings to Helmut Becker (1927–1990), who worked at the Geisenheim Research Station at the time, who recognized the importance of this material and further processed it in breeding in progeny tests. The seedling 'Gm 6494-5' was selected from the seedling population Gm 6494 due to its special performance and was later propagated and put into practice under the variety name Rondo as an independent grape variety. Via the crossing Gm 6494, the St. Laurent was included in the new varieties Bronner , Baron , Cabernet Carbon , Prior and Souvignier gris .

See also

Viticulture in Austria , viticulture in Germany , viticulture in the Czech Republic .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Ferdinand Regner , Karel Hanak, Cornelia Eisenheld: Directory of Austrian quality wine varieties and their clones , 2nd edition 2015, HBL and BA for WB, Klosterneuburg.
  2. Ferdinand Regner , Karel Hanak, Cornelia Eisenheld: Directory of Austrian quality wine varieties and their clones , 2nd edition 2015, HBL and BA for WB, Klosterneuburg.
  3. Hans Ambrosi , Bernd HE Hill, Erika Maul, First H. Rühl, Joachim Schmid, Fritz Schuhmann: Color Atlas Rebsorten 3rd Edition, Eugen Ulmer, 2011, ISBN 978-3-8001-5957-4 .
  4. ↑ But this story is not based on any comprehensible foundation. Compare Johann Werfring: Elegant Austrian rarity. In: Wiener Zeitung of September 2, 2016, supplement Wiener Journal , p. 21.
  5. a b K. Anderson, NR Aryal: Database of Regional, National and Global Winegrape Bearing Areas by Variety, 2000 and 2010, Wine Economics Research Center, University of Adelaide, December 2013 (first revision April 2014) (second revision May 2014) (third revision July 2014).
  6. Österreichische Weinmarketingserviceges.mbH [ÖWM] (ed.): Documentation Austrian Wine 2009 . Vienna 2009 ( ).
  7. In the thermal region - in the Tattendorfer Riede Stiftsbreite - the Stift Klosterneuburg winery manages the world's largest St. Laurent vineyard with 40 hectares of cultivation area. Compare Johann Werfring: Elegant Austrian rarity. In: Wiener Zeitung of September 2, 2016, supplement Wiener Journal , p. 20.
  8. Weingarten Survey 2009: Österreichische Weinmarketingserviceges.mbH [ÖWM] (Ed.): Documentation Austrian Wine 2007 . Vienna 2009, p. 40 ff . ( online [PDF; 4.5 MB ]).
  9. ^ Deutsches Weininstitut (Ed.): Statistics 2004/2005 . Mainz 2004 ( ( memento from September 20, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) [PDF; 777 kB ]). Statistics 2004/2005 ( Memento of the original from September 20, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  10. Vineyard statistics from March 13, 2015, Federal Statistical Office , Wiesbaden 2015 in Descriptive Variety List of the Bundessortenamt 2015, p. 198 ff. (PDF; 519 kB).
  11. accessed on April 1, 2016 St. Laurent in the database Vitis International Variety Catalog of the Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof (English)