Franz Innerhofer (writer)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Franz Innerhofer (born May 2, 1944 in Krimml , Land Salzburg ; † around January 19, 2002 in Graz , Styria ) was an Austrian writer.



Innerhofer comes from the Pinzgau , a mountainous district in the state of Salzburg, more precisely from the Oberpinzgau , which includes the upper Salzach valley up to the Krimmler waterfalls. The social history of this area in the 20th century is shaped by the great crisis of agriculture in the Austrian mountains from 1900, when the agricultural imports from overseas suddenly forced countless small farmers to sell their farms to large farmers. In the course of these developments a rural sub-proletariat arose , which consisted of the mass of land workers and day laborers who had no property or rights.

Innerhofer comes from a family that was barely able to avoid falling into sub-proletarian poverty; Innerhofer's environment was characterized by pronounced employers' ruthlessness and human brutality in all areas of life. Since agriculture in the Pinzgau could only be carried out by men due to the adverse landscape conditions, the two world wars had hit the region particularly hard.

In addition, Innerhofer was an illegitimate child, which made him an outsider in the Catholic- dominated Salzburg region.


As a child, Innerhofer was a slave laborer on his father's farm, after which he completed an apprenticeship as a blacksmith. From 1966 he attended a high school for employed people, after which he studied German and English for a few semesters at the University of Salzburg . Since 1973 he has been a freelance writer. From 1975 Innerhofer lived in Orvieto (Italy) and in Arni near Zurich , and since 1980 he has run a small bookshop in Graz. His first autobiographical novel Schöne Tage (1974), in which he describes his tough childhood, made Innerhofer well known; the novel was made into a film by Fritz Lehner in 1982 .

Innerhofer took his own life in Graz in 2002. He was found dead in his home on January 22, 2002. His grave is on the Steinfeldfriedhof in Graz.

Literary work

Innerhofer oriented his work towards the reality of his own life with great uncompromisingness; the sequence of his texts up to 1980 stands for his struggle for intellectual independence and a life without fear and compulsion. When literary realism , especially that of the world of work, went out of fashion at the beginning of the eighties, Innerhofer fell into the sidelines of the literary public. Innerhofer, however, no longer pushed back into its center, but led a life in this offside.

In 1993 he started a comeback; Due to certain internal allusions to the trade, his book Living around the Wette was discussed very negatively by the literary critic Martin Lüdke and his German network and by Sigrid Löffler in Austria. The text is about a life beyond any social adaptation and also formally blocks literary classifications. The harsh realism of the early years had turned into a brooding style of language, reminiscent of Thomas Bernhard in places , which reveals a frighteningly deep, almost mysticistic existential uncertainty.

Despite severe alcohol problems, Innerhofer wrote to the end; his last text, Dasrechte Murufer , has not yet been published; it is characterized by an apathetic pun that seems both implacable and resigned in a strange way.



  • Schöne Tage , 1974 - filmed under the same title in 1981
  • Downside , 1975
  • The big words , 1977
  • Interior views of a beginning working day , 1977
  • Orvieto (radio play) - Innerhofer portrays himself as "Heinz Dürr", 1979
  • The upstart , 1982
  • Out of Arnfels , 1983
  • Orvieto , drama 1990
  • Scheibtruhe , Drama 1992
  • Live to Race , 1993
  • The cobbler , posthumously 2004


  • Renate Göllner: “... he was simply afraid that at some point in the world he would not be able to say yes to anything.” Franz Innerhofer (1944-2002) ; In: Zwischenwelt. Journal for the Culture of Exile and Resistance , Vol. 19, No. 2; Vienna: October 2002; Pp. 8-10. ISSN  1606-4321
  • Frank Tichy: "There were people I wanted to invent" . Conversation. In: literature and criticism. 2002. H. 361/362. Pp. 21-35.
  • Frank Tichy: Franz Innerhofer. In search of man . Salzburg: Residenz Verlag 2004.
  • Wendelin Schmidt-Dengler: fault lines. Lectures on Austrian literature from 1945 to 1990 . 3rd, corrected edition. St. Pölten, Salzburg: Residenz Verlag 2010. pp. 288–294.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e W. Martin Lüdke: "Innerhofer, Franz". In: Munzinger Online / KLG - Critical Lexicon for Contemporary German Literature, URL: (accessed on November 22, 2013)