Reich Ministry of Post

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Opening of direct telephone traffic in Berlin and Tokyo on March 12, 1935: In the middle of the table Reich Minister of Transport Eltz-Rübenach , Ambassador Mushakoij on his left, Foreign Minister Neurath and Reichsleiter Rosenberg on his right .

The Reich Post Ministry was created in the Weimar Republic in 1919 from the Reich Post Office . It was dissolved in 1945. Today the Berlin Museum of Communication is located in the building .


After the conversion of the Reich Post Office to the Reich Post Ministry, the Telegraph Technical Reich Office was founded as a sub-authority in 1920 . This came about through the amalgamation of several facilities of the Reichspost , which included the telegraph test office , telegraph apparatus office , telephone line office and radio operations office . In 1928 the Reich Telegraph Office was again renamed the Reich Post Central Office. In the Reichspostzentralamt , the employees were also busy with research tasks, with the development and procurement of technical innovations and facilities for the post, telegraph , telephone and radio system being the focus of interest.

After the Second World War , the Federal Ministry for Post and Telecommunications in West Germany ( Federal Republic of Germany ) and the Ministry for Post and Telecommunications in the GDR took over the tasks of the postal system.


The Museum for Communication is now located in the building of the former Reich Postal Ministry

The office building of the Reich Postal Ministry was built from 1871 to 1874 according to plans by the architect Carl Schwatlo . The imperial postal administration had acquired the property at Leipziger Strasse 15 in Berlin between Mauerstrasse and Wilhelmstrasse for 227,125  thalers (681,375  gold marks ) from the merchant Siegfried Lövinsohn (purchasing power-adjusted in today's currency: around 5.07 million euros). The property was 33.75 meters on the street front, in its rear part it was 44.5 meters wide and over 100 meters deep; the laying of the foundation stone was celebrated on June 4, 1872. The building was three-story on the street side and four-story in the rear. The construction costs amounted to 765,000 thalers. 2940 m² were built on.

Until 1945, the building also housed the authorities library and the Reichspostmuseum as well as the post office W 66 .

The Reichspostzentralamt was a sub-authority of the Reichspostministeriums, which from 1922 was located in Berlin-Tempelhof , Ringbahnstraße 130. This building with 23,160 m² of floor space has served as the depot for the Museum of Communication since 1993, with a focus on the history of the post.

Head of Office

Surname Taking office Term expires Political party cabinet
Johannes Giesberts February 13, 1919 November 14, 1922 center Scheidemann , Bauer , Müller I ,
Fehrenbach , Wirth I & II
Karl Stingl (1st term of office) November 22, 1922 August 12, 1923 BVP Cuno
Anton Höfle August 13, 1923 December 15, 1924 center Stresemann I & II , Marx I & II
Karl Stingl (2nd term of office) January 15, 1925 December 17, 1926 BVP Luther I & II , Marx III
Georg Schätzel January 28, 1927 May 30, 1932 BVP Marx IV , Müller II , Brüning I & II
Paul Freiherr von Eltz-Rübenach June 1, 1932 February 2, 1937 independent Schleicher , Papen , Hitler
Wilhelm Unesorge February 2, 1937 April 30, 1945 NSDAP Hitler
Julius Dorpmüller May 2, 1945 May 23, 1945 NSDAP Schwerin from Krosigk

State Secretaries


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Christian Gahlbeck, Vacys Vaivada, Joachim Tauber, Tobias Weger (eds.): Archive guide to the history of the Memel region and German-Lithuanian relations . Munich / Oldenbourg 2006, p. 305, ISBN 3-486-57902-9 .
  2. ^ Carl Schwatlo: Imperial General Posamt in Berlin. In: Zeitschrift für Bauwesen , Jg. 1875, Hefte IV – VII , S. 143 ff.
  3. ^ Carl Schwatlo: Imperial General Posamt in Berlin. (Continued) In: Zeitschrift für Bauwesen , Jg. 1875, Hefte VIII – X , S. 295 ff.
  4. ^ Imperial General Post Office in Berlin. In: Atlas zur Zeitschrift für Bauwesen, vol. 1875, pp. 35–40. (Detailed drawings of the interior layout and facade)
  5. ^ MfK basic information No. 14: The depot building of the Museum for Communication. Berlin, April 2011

Coordinates: 52 ° 30 ′ 35 ″  N , 13 ° 23 ′ 13 ″  E