Han-Taiwanese ( Han script臺灣 漢人, Mandarin ( W.-G. ) Tai 2 -wan 1 Han 4 -jên 2 , Minnan (Tâi-lô) Tâi-uân Hàn-jîn , English Han Taiwanese or Taiwanese Hans ) are Taiwanese of the Han people and make up the majority of the Taiwanese population. Most of them are descendants of Han immigrants from the 17th to 19th centuries, when Taiwan was first under the rule of the Netherlands and finally the Chinese Qing Dynasty . Another wave of immigration took place between 1945 and 1949 after the end of Japanese rule . The main languages of Han-Taiwanese are Hokkien (a dialect of Min Nan Chinese), Mandarin and Hakka .
The second largest, but by far smaller, ethnic group of Taiwan are the indigenous Austronesian peoples .
The traditional religions of the Han Taiwanese include Buddhism , Daoism and various folk religions. Taoism and Buddhism were originally practiced separately. During the Japanese rule (1895–1945), the Daoists were severely persecuted and so they secretly began to worship their deities in Buddhist temples. With 11,796 temples, Taiwan has the highest density of temples in the world.
|Han script||Wade-Giles||population||proportion of|
Famous Han Taiwanese
- Lai He (writer)
- Ang Lee (Director)
- Yuan T. Lee (chemist)
- Lee Teng-hui (politician)
- Lin Hwai-min (choreographer)
- Tsai Ing-wen (President)
- Taiwan Folklore & Folk Culture ( National Taiwan University OpenCourseWare; Mandarin)
- ↑ Caiti Yuan: Culture-specific visual design and artistic education of the indigenous pupils of Taiwan . Doctoral thesis at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg. 2010 ( uni-heidelberg.de ).
- ↑ 漢人 村莊 社會 文化 傳統 資料 庫 ( zh ) Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ↑ Dictionary of the Taiwanese Minnan language (臺灣 教育部 臺灣 閩南 語 常用 詞 辭典)
- ^ Emily M. Ahern, Hill Gates: The Anthropology of Taiwanese Society . Stanford University Press, 1981, ISBN 0804710430 .
- ↑ Eiko Tai (1999). "Kokugo and colonial education in Taiwan" positions , 7 (2): 503-540.
- ↑ Jing-Shoung Hou, Chung-Hsien Lin, and Duarte B. Morais (2005). "Antecedents of Attachment to a Cultural Tourism Destination: The Case of Hakka and Non-Hakka Taiwanese Visitors to Pei-Pu, Taiwan" Journal of Travel Research , 44: 221-233.
- ↑ Comas et al. (2004). "Admixture, migrations, and dispersals in Central Asia: evidence from maternal DNA lineages" European Journal of Human Genetics , 12: 495-504.
- ↑ Wu et al .: Distribution of killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor genes in Eastern mainland Chinese Han and Taiwanese Han populations. In: Tissue Antigens. 74, 2009, p. 499, doi : 10.1111 / j.1399-0039.2009.01366.x .
- ↑ Chen et al. (1996). "Alcohol-metabolizing genes and alcoholism among Taiwanese Han men: independent effect of ADH2, ADH3 and ALDH2" British Journal of Psychiatry , 168 (6): 762-7.
- ↑ Hsu et al. (2006). "Association of NRAMP 1 gene polymorphism with susceptibility to tuberculosis in Taiwanese aboriginals" Journal of the Formosan Medical Association , 105 (5): 363-9.
- ^ Philip Stoddard, David C. Cuthell, Margaret W. Sullivan: Change and the Muslim world . Syracuse University Press, 1981, ISBN 0815622511 .
- ↑ Stephanie Nohelani Teves, Andrea Smith, Michelle Raheja: Native Studies keywords . University of Arizona Press, 2015, ISBN 0816531501 .
- ↑ Executive Yuan, ROC: The Republic of China Yearbook 2014 2014, ISBN 9789860423020 . Archived from the original on February 26, 2015 Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Accessed May 30, 2015).
- ^ Henning Klöter: Language Policy in the KMT and DPP eras . In: China Perspectives . 56, 2004, ISSN 1996-4617 . Retrieved May 30, 2015.
- ↑ "Chapter 2: People and Language" (PDF). The Republic of China Yearbook 2011 . Government Information Office, Republic of China (Taiwan). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 May 2012.
- ↑ Taiwan Tourism
- ↑ 台 宗教 密度 高 寺廟 教堂 逾萬 座 . Central News Agency, Taiwan. July 7, 2010. Archived from the original on June 12, 2016. Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 12, 2016.
- ↑ 全國 1.510 姓氏 陳林 滿 天下 內政部 《全國 姓名 統計 分析》 全新 出版 . Executive Yuan, Taiwan. October 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2015.