|Height :||7 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||79 km²|
|Residents :||679,012 (2013)|
|Population density :||8,595 inhabitants per km²|
|Structure and administration (as of 2015)|
|Mayor:||Léhady Vinagnon Soglo (since 2015)|
Street scene in Cotonou
Cotonou [ kɔtɔˈnu ] is the capital in the West African Benin and is the economic center as well as the seat of government of the country. The capital is however Porto-Novo , where the parliament has its seat. The city forms the Littoral department .
Cotonou has 679,012 inhabitants (as of 2013).
- 1979: 320,348 inhabitants (census)
- 1992: 536,827 inhabitants (census)
- 2002: 665,100 inhabitants (census)
- 2013: 679,012 inhabitants (census)
The town's name is derived from Cotonou Ku Tonu , which in the language of the Fon about mouth of the river of death means. It was originally a in a lagoon situated fishing village and developed over time as a transit place for the overseas trade of the kings of Dahomey .
Cotonou belonged to the Dahomey Kingdom in the 18th century . In 1851, France signed an agreement with King Gézo at home that allowed him to set up a trading post in Cotonou. In 1883 the French navy occupied the city to prevent Britain from conquering the area.
On June 26, 1883, an Apostolic Prefecture of the Roman Catholic Church was established in Cotonou , which was elevated to the Archbishopric of Cotonou in 1955 . The episcopal church is the Cathédrale Notre-Dame-de-Miséricorde .
Cotonous airport , road and rail links make it the central transportation hub in the country. The port of Cotonou is the largest port in the country and one of the most important in all of West Africa. A large part of the goods transport for the landlocked countries Niger and Burkina Faso runs through it .
Cotonou is the economic capital of Benin and, above all, an important trading center due to the port . a. for goods to Burkina Faso , Mali and Niger . The city experienced a boom as a result of the civil war in the Ivory Coast , as a lot of trade moved away from Abidjan , the seat of government of the Ivory Coast .
Produced palm oil , beer , textiles and cement , as well as motor vehicles and bicycles , and there are sawmills in the city. Petroleum products , bauxite and iron are exported . Oil is being drilled off the coast.
In a ranking of cities according to their quality of life, Cotonou was ranked 182nd out of 231 cities worldwide in 2018.
- The international market in the Dantokpa district is one of the largest in West Africa.
- The fish market starts early every morning
- The fruit market in the Ganhi district is just as well attended as
- the art market.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Cotonou
Sister towns of Cotonou are
- Yokohama , Japan
- Créteil , Val-de-Marne, France , since 1986
- Atlanta , State of Georgia, United States , since 1995
- Rosny-sous-Bois , Seine-Saint-Denis department, France
sons and daughters of the town
- Georges Adéagbo (* 1942), installation artist
- René-Marie Ehuzu CIM (1944–2012), Bishop of Porto Novo
- Djimon Hounsou (* 1964), photo model and actor
- Aristide Gonsallo (* 1966), Bishop of Porto Novo
- Coffi Codjia (* 1967), football referee
- Stéphane de Medeiros (* 1972), French artist
- Ryad Assani-Razaki (* 1981), French-Canadian writer
- Nana Nafihou (* 1988), Beninese national soccer player
- Sidoine Oussou (* 1992), Beninese football player