Julien Duvivier

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Julien Duvivier (born October 8, 1896 in Lille , † October 29, 1967 in Paris ) was a French author , director and filmmaker. The IMDb lists him as the author or director responsible for 67 works, and in addition to other film activities, he was responsible for eight films as a producer .


Duvivier's schooling began at the Collège des Jésuites in Lille, and later he moved to Paris. Together with a school friend, he visited the Théâtre Odéon there in 1916 . Since there was a shortage of cast at most theaters during wartime, the inexperienced young man was given a chance. His drawback was that he was difficult to remember texts. When this became apparent during a performance where Duvivier went into a complete blackout, a friend advised him to focus on the action that didn't require stage precision.

So it came about that Duvivier switched to directing and started working as a theater director. Since he was also active as a writer, he soon joined the film industry, writing scripts and directing silent films . In the 1930s he became one of the main exponents of poetic realism . In contrast to other directors who preferred silent films, he found sound films more appealing, as they expanded the possibilities for him to present dramatic works more expressively. Duvivier produced films on religious subjects, shot comedies and also crime novels. He was one of the most experienced directors of French film, in which top performances, as in his 1937 film drama Pépé le Moko - In the dark of Algiers alongside skillful entertainment, as in the first two Don Camillo and Peppone films with Fernandel and Gino Cervi (1952, 1953), and average commercial cinema. In collaboration with Jean Anouilh , he wrote the screenplay for the 1948 literary film adaptation of Tolstoy's novel Anna Karenina with Vivien Leigh in the leading role. The dramatic thriller The Angel Who Was a Devil with Jean Gabin and Danièle Delorme was released in 1956, here too Duvivier directed and wrote the story. His last film, the crime thriller With Devil's Greetings, starring Alain Delon and Senta Berger , was only released in cinemas after his death in December 1967.

Duvivier's admirers included Jean Renoir and Ingmar Bergman .

At the end of October 1967, Duvivier suffered a heart attack in his car, resulting in a traffic accident in which the 71-year-old was killed. He left behind his son Christian, his wife Olga died long before he did.

Julien Duvivier was a member of the jury of the Cannes International Film Festival in 1959 .

Filmography (selection)

  • 1919: Haceldama ou le Prix du sang
  • 1920: La Réincarnation de Serge Renaudier
  • 1922: Les Roquevillard
  • 1922: The Eerie Guest (L'Ouragan sur la montagne)
  • 1923: Le Reflet de Claude Mercœur
  • 1924: La Machine à refaire la vie
  • 1924: Credo ou la Tragédie de Lourdes
  • 1924: L'Œuvre immortelle
  • 1924: Cœurs farouches
  • 1925: Poil de carotte
  • 1925: L'Abbé Constantin
  • 1926: L'Homme à l'hispano
  • 1927: Le Mystère de la tour Eiffel
  • 1927: Le Mariage de Mademoiselle Beulemans
  • 1927: L'Agonie de Jérusalem
  • 1928: Le Tourbillon de Paris
  • 1929: La Vie miraculeuse de Thérèse Martin
  • 1929: Irene Rysbergue's great love (Maman Colibri)
  • 1929: La Divine croisière
  • 1930: David Golder
  • 1930: Ladies' Paradise (Au Bonheur des Dames)
  • 1931: The Five Cursed Gentlemen (Les Cinq gentlemen maudits)
  • 1932: Hello! Hello! This is Berlin speaking! (Allo Berlin? Ici Paris!)
  • 1932: La Vénus du collège
  • 1932: carrot head (Poil de carotte)
  • 1933: La Tête d'un homme
  • 1933: Le Petit roi
  • 1933: La Machine à refaire la vie
  • 1934: Le Paquebot Tenacity
  • 1934: Maria Chapdelaine
  • 1935: The Cross of Golgotha (Golgotha)
  • 1935: Company of the Lost (La Bandera)
  • 1936: Le Golem
  • 1936: Guild gang (La Belle équipe)
  • 1937: The man of the day (L'Homme du jour)
  • 1937: Pépé le Moko - In the dark of Algiers (Pépé le Moko)
  • 1937: Game of Memory (Un carnet de bal)
  • 1938: The Great Waltz (The Great Waltz)
  • 1939: Retirement (La Fin du jour)
  • 1939: La Charrette fantôme
  • 1941: A woman's heart never forgets (Lydia)
  • 1942: Six Fates (Tales of Manhattan)
  • 1943: The Second Face (Flesh and Fantasy)
  • 1943: Untel père et fils
  • 1944: The Impostor
  • 1947: Anna Karenina
  • 1947: Panic (Panique)
  • 1949: A saint among sinful women (Au royaume des cieux)
  • 1950: The Black Jack (Black Jack)
  • 1951: Under the sky of Paris (Sous le ciel de Paris)
  • 1952: On the streets of Paris (La Fête à Henriette)
  • 1952: Don Camillo and Peppone (Le Petit Monde de don Camillo)
  • 1953: Don Camillo's return (Le Retour de don Camillo)
  • 1954: The Maurizius case (L'affaire Maurizius)
  • 1955: Marianne German version
  • 1955: Marianne of my youth (Marianne de ma jeunesse) French version
  • 1956: The angel who was a devil (Voici le temps des assassins)
  • 1956: The man in the raincoat (L'Homme à l'imperméable)
  • 1957: Whenever the light goes out (Pot-Bouille)
  • 1958: A woman like Satan (La Femme et le Pantin)
  • 1958: Marie-Octobre
  • 1960: The artificial silk girl
  • 1960: lights of Paris (boulevard)
  • 1962: The Burning Court (La Chambre ardente)
  • 1962: The Devil and the Ten Commandments (Le Diable et les Dix Commandements)
  • 1963: The Devil's Rest House (Chair de poule)
  • 1967: With devilish greetings (Diaboliquement vôtre)


  • Sophie Albers: Julien Duvivier , Thomas Koebner (Ed.): Film directors. Biographies, descriptions of works, filmographies 3rd edition Reclam, Stuttgart 2011, ISBN 978-3-15-010662-4 , pp. 197-200.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sophie Albers: Julien Duvivier
  2. Thomas Koebner: Film directors: biographies, work descriptions, filmographies , Ed. Thomas Koebner, Reclam, Stuttgart 2011 (3rd edition), ISBN 978-3-15-010662-4 , pp. 197-200.