Jeanne Moreau (born January 23, 1928 in Paris ; † July 31, 2017 there ) was a French actress , film director and singer. She worked in over 120 film productions, was one of the most popular film stars of the Nouvelle Vague in the 1950s and 1960s and was considered one of the leading character actresses in France. Moreau was included in the category of belles laides , i.e. H. literally translated as 'ugly beauties', which convince not through superficial charms, but through the combination of sensuality and depth of character. She had one of her most famous roles in 1962 in the melancholy love triangle Jules and Jim . The timbre of her voice and her provocative and at the same time elegant gait were unmistakable.
Life and work
The daughter of a British dancer and a French restaurateur studied at the Paris Conservatory from 1946 and continued her education from 1948 to 1952 at the Comédie-Française , where she got to know the high school of classical theater. Moreau soon proved herself as a sensitive, differentiated character actress, for example in the classic Le Cid by Pierre Corneille and in Prince Friedrich von Homburg by Heinrich von Kleist (both in 1951, alongside Gérard Philipe ). In 1952 she moved to the experimental Théâtre National Populaire by Jean Vilar , who also founded the renowned Avignon Festival , at which Moreau also performed. From the following year she was engaged on various stages and also played on Broadway . Moreau, who gained a reputation for being one of the best actresses of her generation in the 1950s, has been honored with numerous theater awards. Her acclaimed roles also include the heroines in George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion and Jean Cocteau's The Infernal Machine (both in productions by Jean Marais , 1954).
In 1948, Moreau made her film debut. After minor roles such as in Jacques Becker's When It Gets Night in Paris (alongside Jean Gabin , 1953), she had her first major success with Louis Male's Elevator to the Scaffold (1957). With the controversial film Die Liebenden (1958), also directed by Louis Malle, she achieved her breakthrough to star. This was followed by numerous leading roles in French and international productions, including a. in films by Michelangelo Antonioni ( The Night ) , Orson Welles ( The Trial ) , Luis Buñuel ( Diary of a Chambermaid ) , François Truffaut ( The Bride Wore Black ) , Roger Vadim ( Dangerous Liaisons ) , Tony Richardson ( Mademoiselle ) and Peter Brook ( Moderato Cantabile) . She based her great, lasting fame mainly with the role of Catherine in the cult film Jules and Jim by François Truffaut (1962). She also made her directorial debut in 1976 with the film Lumière . The German directors Rainer Werner Fassbinder and Wim Wenders also engaged Moreau for their films Querelle (1982) and Bis ans Ende der Welt (1991).
She also returned to the stage again and again. In 1973 she shone in the Paris production of Der Ritt über den Bodensee by Peter Handke . With the one-person play Die Erzählung der Magd Zerline, based on a novella by Hermann Broch (staged by Klaus Michael Grüber ), she celebrated an almost triumphant success for several years in Paris and in numerous guest performances, including abroad.
Jeanne Moreau was married twice. Her first marriage (1949–1951) to the actor Jean-Louis Richard (1927–2012) was the result of her son Jérôme, who is now a successful painter. From 1977 to 1980, Moreau was married to director William Friedkin . An affair with the director Tony Richardson in 1967 led to his divorce from his wife Vanessa Redgrave . From 1966 onwards, Moreau was in a relationship with the fashion designer Pierre Cardin , whose creations she wore from then on.
On the morning of July 31, 2017, Jeanne Moreau was found dead by her cleaning lady in the apartment on Square du Roule in Paris. She was buried on the Cimetière de Montmartre (Division 27).
- 1949: Last Love (Dernier amour)
- 1950: accuse me! (Meurtres)
- 1952: The man of my life (L'homme de ma vie)
- 1952: It's midnight, Dr. Schweitzer (Il est minuit, docteur Schweitzer)
- 1953: Julietta
- 1953: In the big girls' dormitory (Dortoir des grandes)
- 1954: When night falls in Paris (Touchez pas au grisbi)
- 1954: Bartholomew's Night (La rein Margot)
- 1955: Gas-Oil
- 1956: Behind closed doors (Le salaire du péché)
- 1957: Police Action Dynamite (Échec au porteur)
- 1958: Elevator to the scaffold (Ascenseur pour l'échafaud)
- 1958: The Lovers (Les amants)
- 1959: They kissed and they hit him (Les quatre cents coups)
- 1959: Dangerous Liaisons (Les liaisons dangereuses)
- 1960: The sacrifice of a nun (Le dialogue des Carmélites)
- 1960: Jovanka and the others (Jovanka e le altre)
- 1960: hours of tenderness (Moderato cantabile)
- 1961: The Night (La notte)
- 1961: A woman is a woman (Une femme est une femme)
- 1961: Jules and Jim (Jules et Jim)
- 1962: The trial (Le procès)
- 1962: The blonde sinner (La baie des Anges)
- 1962: Eva
- 1963: Hot patch (Peau de Banane)
- 1963: The winners (The Victors)
- 1963: The will-o'-the-wisp (Le feu follet)
- 1964: Diary of a maid (Le journal d'une femme de chambre)
- 1964: The train (The Train)
- 1964: Mata Hari, agent H.21 (Mata-Hari, agent H21)
- 1964: The Yellow Rolls-Royce (The Yellow Rolls-Royce)
- 1965: Viva Maria!
- 1965: Falstaff - Bells at midnight (Chimes at Midnight / Campanadas a medianoche)
- 1966: Mademoiselle
- 1967: Only one woman on board (The Sailor from Gibraltar)
- 1967: The oldest trade in the world (Le plus vieux métier du monde)
- 1967: The bride wore black (La mariée était en noir)
- 1968: The Great Catherine (Great Catherine)
- 1970: Monte Walsh
- 1970: The Deep (unfinished)
- 1971: The Boss (Comptes à rebors)
- 1972: The Affaire (Chère Louise)
- 1974: The savvy (Les valseuses)
- 1975: Memories from France (Souvenirs d'en France)
- 1976: Monsieur Klein (Mr. Klein)
- 1976: The Last Tycoon (The Last Tycoon)
- 1979: Girls' Years (L'adolescente) (also director)
- 1982: one thousand billion dollars (Mille milliards de dollars)
- 1982: Querelle
- 1982: A woman like a fish (La truite)
- 1986: The booby (Le paltoquet)
- 1987: The Miracle of Papu (Le miraculé)
- 1990: Nikita
- 1991: The Stork's Floating Step (To meteoro vima tou pelargou)
- 1991: The lady who walked in the sea (La vieille qui marchait dans la mer)
- 1991: To the end of the world (Jusqu'au bout du monde)
- 1992: Escape from the Ice (Map of the Human Heart)
- 1992: The Lover (L'amant) , speaking role
- 1993: A foreign field
- 1994: 101 Nights - The Dreams of Monsieur Cinéma (Les cent et une nuits)
- 1995: Beyond the Clouds (Al di là delle nuvole)
- 1997: The Bayonne Witch Club
- 1998: Ever After (Ever After: A Cinderella Story)
- 2001: This love (Cet amour-là)
- 2005: The time that remains (Le temps qui reste)
- 2005: Go West
- 2006: Roméo et Juliette
- 2006: Sortie de clown
- 2007: Separation (Désengagement)
- 2007: Chacun son cinéma ou Ce petit coup au cœur quand la lumière s'éteint et que le film commence (segment Trois minutes )
- 2008: The Fourteenth Stone (Sous les vents de Neptune)
- 2008: Plus tard, tu comprendras ...
- 2009: Visage
- 2009: Leon and the magic words (Kerity, la maison des contes) , speaking role
- 2011: bouquet final
- 2011: La Mauvaise rencontre
- 2012: Lullaby to my Father
- 2012: Gebo et l'ombre
- 2012: A lady in Paris (Une estonienne à Paris)
- 1968: Moment of Truth (Histoire immortelle)
- 1995: Catherine the Great (Catherine the Great)
- 1999: Balzac - A life full of passion (Balzac)
- 2000: Les Misérables - Prisoners of Fate (Les misérables)
- 2006: La contessa di Castiglione
- 2008: A castle in Sweden (Château en Suède)
- 1963: Douze chansons de Cyrus Bassiak (LP)
- 1965: Viva Maria! (LP)
- 1966: Douze nouvelles chansons de Bassiak (LP)
- 1968: Les Chansons de Clarisse (LP)
- 1970: Jeanne chante Jeanne (LP)
- 1981: Jeanne Moreau chante Norge (LP)
- 1960: Award for Best Actress in Cannes for the role in Hours of Tenderness (Director: Louis Malle ).
- 1964: Best Actress Award at the Karlovy Vary Festival for a maid's diary (director: Luis Buñuel ).
- 1979: Nomination for the Silver Bear at the Berlin Film Festival for the role in Girls' Years .
- 1992: César for Best Actress for The Lady Who Walked in the Sea
- 1992: Award of the Venice International Film Festival for her life's work
- 1995: Honorary César
- 1996: Honorary Award from the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA)
- 1997: European film award for her life's work
- 1997: Award of the Festival Internacional de Cine de Donostia-San Sebastián for her life's work
- 2000: Golden Bear for her life's work.
- 2004: Golden Palm for her life's work.
- 2007: Commandeur des Ordre national du Mérite
- Deutsche Kinemathek Foundation (Ed.): Jeanne Moreau. Homage. (On the occasion of the 50th Berlin International Film Festival .) Jovis, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-931321-72-X .
- Jens Rosteck : The daring one. Jeanne Moreau - The biography . Structure, Berlin 2019, ISBN 978-3-351-03789-5 .
- Jeanne Moreau. From Comédie française to Music Hall: a French legend. TV documentary, Austria, 1990, 92 min., Director: Corinne Pulver
- Jeanne Moreau - In the film and in private. (OT: Jeanne M. - Côté cour, côté cœur. ) Documentation, France, 2007, 90 min., Book: Josée Dayan , Pierre-André Boutang , directors: Josée Dayan, Pierre-André Boutang, Annie Chevallay, production: arte France, Passion Films, Rouge Films, first broadcast: January 27, 2008, summary by arte, ( memento from April 18, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ).
- Jeanne Moreau - The self-determined. (OT: Jeanne Moreau, l'affranchie. ) Documentary, France, 2017, 53:53 min., Script and direction: Virginie Linhart, production: Kuiv Productions, arte France, INA , first broadcast: April 2, 2018 by arte, summary from ARD .
- Literature by and about Jeanne Moreau in the catalog of the German National Library
- Jeanne Moreau in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Jeanne Moreau. In: Prisma , with current television information
- Jeanne Moreau. In: Académie des Beaux-Arts
- Fritz Göttler: Jeanne Moreau on the 80th birthday: The Queen of the Muses. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , January 23, 2008, with photo series
- Eberhard Spreng: Obituary for Jeanne Moreau. The dark angel. In: Der Tagesspiegel , July 31, 2017
- SZ.de/ AFP / gal / pak / cag / liv: French film legend. Jeanne Moreau is dead. In: Süddeutsche.de , July 31, 2017.
- Photos: The grave of Jeanne Moreau. In: knerger.de .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||french actress|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 23, 1928|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Paris , France|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 31, 2017|
|Place of death||Paris , France|