Rainer Werner Fassbinder

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Rainer Werner Fassbinder, 1980

Rainer Werner Fassbinder (born May 31, 1945 in Bad Wörishofen , Bavaria , † June 10, 1982 in Munich ) was a German director , actor , screenwriter , film producer , film editor , composer and playwright . Thanks to his quick way of working, Fassbinder was extremely productive in his relatively short life: he made over 40 feature films, two television series and three short films. Fassbinder has also written 24 plays and produced 4 radio plays. He is considered one of the most important representatives of the New German Cinema of the 1970s and early 1980s.

life and work

Childhood and youth

Memorial plaque at the Huber film house in Bad Wörishofen

The only child of the doctor Helmuth Fassbinder (1918–2010) and the translator Liselotte Eder (1922–1993), who met in Munich in 1943 and married there in 1944. The house where he was born, the listed "Haus Hubertus", is in the garden of the Hotel Sonnengarten Adolf-Scholz-Allee 5. At that time, his father was stationed as a hospital doctor in Bad Wörishofen. Shortly after the birth, the family moved back to Sendlinger Strasse in Munich, where the father opened a practice. After his parents' divorce in 1951, he grew up with his mother, went to the Rudolf Steiner School in Munich from 1951 to 1953 and to the Theresiengymnasium from 1955 to 1956, but had to go to several boarding schools because of his mother's illnesses and stays in sanatoriums. At the age of 16 Fassbinder dropped out of school (the high school near St. Anna in Augsburg ) and moved to Cologne to live with his father. During this time Fassbinder wrote his first plays , poems , short stories and scripts . He was considered well-read and acquired a high level of education by studying philosophical , socially critical and psychoanalytic writings . Fassbinder was already interested in filmmaking as a teenager. After two years of private acting training, he registered for the state drama exam in Munich , but did not pass the exam. He also failed the entrance exam at the then newly founded German Film and Television Academy in Berlin .

Start of career: from theater to film

He approached the film as an autodidact and initially cared little about conventions. In 1966 and early 1967 , Fassbinder's partner Christoph Roser produced his first short films, Der Stadtstreicher and Das kleine Chaos . In 1967 Fassbinder came across the action theater and was welcomed by the young group around Ursula Strätz , Peer Raben , Kurt Raab , and others. a. recorded as a member of the ensemble. Fassbinder, who soon also took over the direction , brought Hanna Schygulla , whom he had met at drama school, and Irm Hermann (who also worked as an agent for Fassbinder), with whom he and Roser lived. A little later, Harry Baer , Ingrid Caven and Günther Kaufmann joined them, as did Margit Carstensen in 1970 , whom he integrated into the group as a star alongside Hanna Schygulla. He wrote for her, among other things, the plays Bremer Freiheit and The bitter tears of Petra von Kant .

In May 1968 the action theater dissolved and Fassbinder founded the antiteater with Peer Raben, Hanna Schygulla and Kurt Raab . The ensemble had performances in the Büchner Theater in the art academy and finally in the back room of the Schwabing pub Witwe Bolte . Influenced by Jean-Luc Godard and the Nouvelle Vague as well as the American crime films by John Huston , Raoul Walsh and Howard Hawks , but above all by the melodramas by Douglas Sirk , Fassbinder began to realize the first feature film projects with the actors of the antiteater . The thriller Love is colder than death and Katzelmacher was created in 1969 . In both films, Fassbinder combined theater work with filmmaking. In 1969 he played the leading role in Volker Schlöndorff's theater film Baal for television . Between 1969 and 1971 there were not only numerous plays, but also “alternative” films produced by Fassbinder in a very short time under the company name (company) antiteater-X-Film (e.g. Gods of the Plague , Rio das Mortes , Whity , Der American soldier , warning of a holy hooker ). When the antiteater broke up in mid-1971 due to a disastrous financial situation (it was not a company registered in the commercial register), Fassbinder assumed sole responsibility and, in the coming years, the repayment of the debts, which amounted to approx. 200,000  DM . His mother Liselotte Eder took over the processing of tax and non-cash payment debts and the film management of the Tango-Film production company newly founded by Fassbinder, with which he produced the first film Dealer of the Four Seasons in August 1971 .

watch TV

Fassbinder's growing artistic success also made those in charge of television aware of him, and from 1971 a very productive collaboration with Westdeutscher Rundfunk (WDR) began. Peter Märthesheimer , who later, together with Pea Fröhlich, wrote the scripts of his BRD trilogy for him, was his most important supporter and, as the editor in charge of the WDR, he drew the television films Niklashauser Fart ( 1971 ) and the workers' series Eight Hours Are Not a Day ( 1972 ) and Martha ( 1974 ), Welt am Draht (1973), Fear of Fear , I Just Want You to Love Me ( 1975 ) and Like a Bird on a Wire ( 1976 ).

In 1970, ZDF placed the order for pioneers in Ingolstadt (broadcast in May 1971) and in March 1972 broadcast the dealers of the four seasons . Wildwechsel was created in 1972 on behalf of the SFB , Bremer Freiheit 1972 and Nora Helmer in 1973 on behalf of the Saarland Broadcasting Corporation .


In the years 1971 to 1974 Fassbinder achieved with the feature films produced by Tango-Film The bitter tears of Petra von Kant ( 1972 ), Anxiety Eats the Soul ( 1973 ), Faustrecht der Freiheit ( 1974 ) and additionally with theater directing assignments in Bremen , Bochum and Frankfurt am Main an optimum of public attention. Fassbinder was co-director of the Theater am Turm in Frankfurt in the season 1974/75 and wrote for the ensemble the play Der Müll, die Stadt und der Tod (1974) based on a novel by Gerhard Zwerenz , which was based on the use of anti-Semitic clichés sparked heated controversy. Criticism came e.g. B. by Joachim Fest , Ignatz Bubis , Salomon Korn and Friedrich Uttitz . One of the characters is a Jewish real estate speculator who has been said to have similarities with Ignatz Bubis. In 1975 the Swiss director Daniel Schmid filmed the not yet performed play under the title Shadows of the Angels (with Fassbinder himself in a leading role and as co-screenwriter as well as Ingrid Caven, Klaus Löwitsch , Annemarie Düringer , Boy Gobert and Irm Hermann). A first production at the Schauspiel Frankfurt was prevented in the 1980s by demonstrators who saw the anti-Semitic cliché of the "rich Jew" propagated in the play and expressed their protest by occupying the stage. Further plans to show the play in Germany were withdrawn after protests. In contrast, the play was staged in Israel in 1999 and performed without protest.

Career highlights

Fassbinder consistently developed his film language and the films became bigger and more professional. In 1977 he made the film Despair - A Journey into Light with Bavaria Film in Munich for six million DM , his most expensive production to date, shot in English from a script by British playwright Tom Stoppard , based on a novella by Vladimir Nabokov . Although it has a top-class cast (the English world star Dirk Bogarde played the main role) and was invited as a competition film in Cannes in 1978, the film was unsuccessful at the box office. As a participant in the Berlinale and many festivals abroad (in 1974 the Cinémathèque française devoted an overall retrospective to him and the New York Film Festival has shown his latest films annually since 1971), he was highly praised by international critics, but in Germany because of his direct Subjects attacked frequently. It was only with his penultimate film, Die Sehnsucht der Veronika Voss (starring Rosel Zech , who had been a great theater star since the early 1970s) that he won the Berlinale Golden Bear .

Fassbinder created other important female characters in post-war film history, for example with Fontane Effi Briest ( 1974 ), The Marriage of Maria Braun ( 1979 ) and Lili Marleen ( 1981 ), played by Hanna Schygulla, or with the film Lola (1981) in which Barbara Sukowa played the main role. These female characters went down in film history and their actresses gained a reputation that enabled them to pursue a career independent of Fassbinder.

He wrote television history in 1980 with the multi-part Berlin Alexanderplatz based on the novel by Alfred Döblin (with Günter Lamprecht , Gottfried John , Hanna Schygulla and Barbara Sukowa), which was later shown in the cinema, mostly at festivals and retrospectives , as a 15½-hour marathon. Fassbinder was also famous for his breathtaking pace of work ( seven films were made in 1970 ). So he set his life goal so that in the end the number of his films reached the number of his years of life.

Early death

Fassbinder's grave in the Bogenhausen cemetery

In 1982 Fassbinder was the main actor in the 1989 film Kamikaze by director Wolf Gremm. He died on June 10, 1982 in Munich, where he lived, while working on the finishing of his last project Querelle (based on a novel by Jean Genet ) at the age of 37. Cardiac arrest has been found to be the cause of death , possibly caused by poisoning with a mixture of cocaine , sleeping pills and alcohol.

After Fassbinder's death, his mother Liselotte Eder , who inherited him with his father Helmuth Fassbinder, began to organize and develop his work together with his last partner or roommate Juliane Lorenz . In 1986 she founded the Rainer Werner Fassbinder Foundation, Gemeinnützige Nachlaßstiftung GmbH (RWFF), into which she contributed her inheritance. In 1988 the father was paid out and his inheritance was also transferred to the RWFF. In 1991 Eder transferred all of the shares in RWFF to Juliane Lorenz, who has headed it since 1992. Today the foundation owns all rights to Fassbinder's estate, including all rights subsequently acquired.

Rainer Werner Fassbinder was buried in an urn grave in the Bogenhausen cemetery (grave no. 1-4-2) in Munich.

The "clan": Hanna Schygulla and other artistic companions

Rainer Werner Fassbinder with Hanna Schygulla at the Venice Film Festival , 1980

Fassbinder lived in a group that was often referred to as a " clan " and served as a substitute for his family. As a “cornerstone and, in a certain way, perhaps also as a motor”, Hanna Schygulla was (by her own admission) the drive and inspiration of his cinematic work from the start. He had seen her star in future films from the time they first met (1963). Their absolute screen presence and their originally complete “anti-star” awareness brought both of them their first joint film successes. Fassbinder also increasingly broke away from the dependencies within his "clan" and also integrated so-called "old stars" into his stage and film work, above all Karlheinz Böhm , with whom he shot Martha ( 1974 ), and Brigitte Mira , El Hedi ben Salem and Barbara Valentin , with whom he produced Angst Eating Soul on (1974). During his seventh feature film Whity in 1970 Fassbinder met cameraman Michael Ballhaus , with whom he made 15 films in nine years together. Some of the former group members accompanied him until the mid-1970s, but there were also separations; for example in 1976 by Kurt Raab, by Hanna Schygulla (for three years), Irm Hermann and Ingrid Caven. However, since his early theater work he had a fruitful collaboration with Peer Raben; also with Harry Baer, ​​who later took on other tasks as production manager, assistant director and artistic assistant in film production. In 1974 Fassbinder joined the film publishing company founded in 1971 and became one of its main members.

Also in 1974 Fassbinder met his companion Armin Meier at the Hotel Deutsche Eiche , who can be seen in his episode Germany in Autumn . (He plays himself.) Fassbinder separated from him in early 1978, and shortly afterwards Meier was found dead in the shared apartment. Presumably he died of a sleeping pill overdose. In order to cope with the death of his friend, he made the very personal film In a year with 13 moons , in which Volker Spengler took over the leading role. Fassbinder also frequently cast Wolfgang Hess as voice actor for his actors in some of his films .

Members of the Fassbinder "clan" that he cast or were involved in in most of his films included:

Fassbinder's bisexual relationships

The bisexual cooper also integrated his partners into his clan. From 1970 to 1972 he was married to the actress Ingrid Caven , for whom he also wrote some chanson texts (e.g. Everything from Leather , Friday in the Hotel , Nietzsche , The Streets Stink ) and for whom he later made a career as a singer possible (First public concert in 1976 in the Munich Rationaltheater ).

Between 1971 and 1974 he lived with El Hedi ben Salem from Algeria, who had followed Fassbinder from Paris to West Germany and who became a well-known actor in his films. A relationship with Armin Meier followed from 1974 to 1978 , who also appeared in several films.

Until his death in June 1982 Fassbinder lived with his film editor Juliane Lorenz , with whom he had been working since 1976, in a shared apartment at Clemensstrasse  76 in Munich.

Fassbinder today


In 2007, a group of former Fassbinder employees from his early “clan” period questioned the work of Juliane Lorenz and the RWFF three months after the German premiere of the restored film Berlin Alexanderplatz . The main allegation was that Lorenz had lightened the film during digital scanning. After prolonged, intensive discussion in the German press and a statement by the artistic director of the restoration, Xaver Schwarzenberger (original cameraman), and the cameraman Michael Ballhaus , the allegations were refuted. In addition, there was careful research by the author Tilman Jens for a film in the TV show Kulturzeit , which suggested that the allegations against Lorenz and the RWFF were incorrect.

Reminiscences and appreciations

Rainer Werner Fassbinder

The American music producer and guitarist Omar Rodriguez Lopez dedicated an entire album to Fassbinder in 2009. Not only the title of the album Despair , but also all of the songs are named after Fassbinder's films: “Love is colder than death”, “Fear eats the soul” or “Warning of a holy whore”. They are mostly pure instrumental pieces without any explicit reference.

In 2015, the Berliner Theatertreffen dedicated several productions to the memory of the filmmaker under the title Focus Fassbinder . The program also included a symposium The private is political! - Rainer Werner Fassbinder in the theater today , as well as an evening of songs and memories with Hanna Schygulla .

In 2009 and again in 2015, Fassbinderage took place in Munich with events in the film museum , the Residenztheater , the Kammerspiele and the team theater .

As far as legally possible and with the exception of Berlin Alexanderplatz , the director's entire work was shown from August 31 to October 15, 2018 in the Austrian Film Museum.

In spring 2019, the Fassbinder Center was opened in Frankfurt am Main under the umbrella of the German Film Institute and Film Museum . His heiress Juliane Lorenz left almost the entire estate of the Rainer Werner Fassbinder Foundation (RWFF), which she had previously managed in Berlin , to the center , which is to be expanded into a research and meeting place for German post-war film.

In the movie Enfant Terrible planned for October 2020 , a biopic by Oskar Roehler about Rainer Werner Fassbinder, he will be portrayed by Oliver Masucci .

Fassbinder Prize

Stage plays

Radio plays


Script and direction

As an actor (selection)


Numerous documentaries and contributions have been made about RW Fassbinder and his films. Fassbinder himself was a guest in almost all documentaries until his death. He also gave interviews and was seen on television programs. Even after his death, documentaries were made about him.

  • 1969: Spektrum (WDR; announcer: Helma Sander-Brahms; director: Ferdi Roth; moderation: Joachim H. Knoll ; report on Preparadise sorry now )
  • 1969/70: End of a commune (SDR; director: Joachim von Mengershausen; documentary about the Munich antiteater)
  • 1970/71: Fassbinder produces: Film No. 8 (WDR; directors: Michael Ballhaus and Dieter Buchmann; documentary about the shooting of The American Soldier )
  • 1972: Rainer Werner Fassbinder (director: Christian Braad Thomsen; Danish television documentary; interviews with RW Fassbinder)
  • 1973: Glashaus - TV intern (WDR, talk show; editors: Martin Wiebel and Ludwig Metzger; discussion of eight hours is not a day )
  • 1974: Dalli Dalli (ZDF, TV game show; moderation Hans Rosenthal; RW Fassbinder as a candidate in the program; broadcast date: April 1974)
  • 1974: Kino Live - Cannes 1974 (HR 3; Jürgen Kritz interviews RW Fassbinder about fear eats the soul ; included in the documentary about the film publisher of the authors from 2008: Gegenenschuss - Aufbruch der Filemacher )
  • 1974/75: Looking back over a year - psychogram of the events (BR, TV show; TV talk show; moderation: Prof. Hans Killian; discussions with RW Fassbinder, Gerd Bucerius and Uli Hoeneß, among others ; broadcast date: January 9, 1975)
  • 1975: On the rubble field of dreams (ORF, television broadcast; director: Wolfgang Limmer; film analysis of the melodramas by Douglas Sirk ; conversation partners RW Fassbinder, Claude Chabrol and Johnny Hallyday ; broadcast date: April 22, 1975; length: approx. 45 min)
  • 1976: The later the evening (WDR, TV talk show; host: Reinhard Münchenhagen )
  • 1976: Contemporaries: Rainer Werner Fassbinder (HR 3, TV documentary; director: Gert Ellinghaus; RW Fassbinder, among others, about the filming of Satansbraten ; length: approx. 45 min)
  • 1976: Kinowerkstatt (Wilhelmsbad - films, festivals and filmmakers; inter alia about shadows of angels ; discussion with RW Fassbinder, Daniel Schmid , Ingrid Caven ; discussion group chaired by: Michael Strauven and Jürgen Kritz; Alexander Kluge as guest with the film Der stark Ferdinand )
  • 1977: Rainer Werner Fassbinder (directors: Florian Hopf and Maximiliane Mainka; interview with Fassbinder was made during the shooting of Despair - Eine Reise ins Licht ; recorded on the grounds of the Bavaria Studios in Munich; the documentary was not premiered 20 years later on 23. January 1997 at the opening of the Fassbinder retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art , New York)
  • 1977/78: CVs: Rainer Werner Fassbinder in conversation (SWF, television documentary by Peter W. Jansen ; Interview with Fassbinder in Paris shortly before the start of filming for The Marriage of Maria Braun ; first broadcast on March 18, 1978 in Südwest 3)
  • 1978: Film work with Douglas Sirk (documentary; Director: D: Gustavo Gräf Marino; about the shooting of Bourbon Street Blues )
  • 1980: Berlin Alexanderplatz - observations during the shooting (BR, television documentary; director: Hans-Dieter Hartl; length: approx. 45 min)
  • 1980: Douglas Sirk: About Stars (TV documentary; director: Eckhart Schmidt ; among others with Douglas Sirk, RW Fassbinder, Rock Hudson , Klaus Lemke , Dorothy Malone, Robert Stack and Albert Zugsmith)
  • 1980: Called for the cinema - Costumes Barbara Baum (SFB)
  • 1980: RW Fassbinder's appearance on the NDR talk show (moderation: Dagobert Lindlau , Wolf Schneider and Michael Lentz; RWF guest in an interview; other guests: Curd Jürgens , Edmund Meclewski, Peter Würtz, Ansgar Bethge, Hellmut Diwald, Michael Reincke, Volker Pudel, Martina Bick, Willem, Joe Bodemann, Armin Halle; broadcast date: December 12, 1980)
  • 1980: Stars in the ring (ARD, TV circus show, appearance: Fassbinder as a tamer / hypnotist with Hanna Schygulla as a floating woman; broadcast date: in December 1980)
  • 1980/81: Shooting of Lili Marleen [August / September 1980 / January 1981] (BR, TV show Kino Kino with shooting report; Interview on the premiere of Lili Marleen on January 15, 1981 by Vivian Naefe)
  • 1981: Cinemania: RW Fassbinder ( Antenne 2 / France, television documentary; director: Georges Bensoussan; interviews with RW Fassbinder, Harry Baer and Hanna Schygulla)
  • 1982: Reverse Angle - Chambre 666 (n'importe quand) - Documentation from the Cannes Film Festival in May 1982 (Director: Wim Wenders ; RW Fassbinder talks about film among many others)
  • 1982: Aspects - broadcast on death (ZDF, June 11, 1982; moderation: Hannes Keil; excerpts aspects broadcast from 1969 to 1982; obituary by Peter W. Jansen on the death of RW Fassbinder; antiteater 1968 "Against what we are", Rehearsal of anarchy in Bavaria ; RWF interview with Wolf Donner at TAT Frankfurt approx. 1975; interview with Peter W. Jansen at the Berlinale 1978; TAT rehearsal “Onkel Wanja” with Brigitte Mira and Gottfried John ; short statement by RW Fassbinder about the strike ; Peter W. Jansen on The Third Generation )
  • 1982: Conversations about Rainer Werner Fassbinder (WDR, live TV commemorative broadcast on death; broadcast on June 15, 1982; moderation: Hans-Christoph Blumenberg ; guests: Peer Raben , Irm Hermann , Dieter Schidor , Kurt Raab , Harry Baer; length : approx. 90 min)
  • 1982: On the death of RWF (HR 3, TV broadcast; moderation: Jürgen Kritz; guests: Werner Schroeter and Wolf Gremm , among others, re-broadcast date: June 24, 1991; length: approx. 40 min)
  • 1982: Portrait of Rainer Werner Fassbinder - "Something I'm afraid of sets me in motion" (SFB; director: Michael Strauven ; first broadcast on June 27, 1982; length: approx. 45 min)
  • 1982: Rainer Werner Fassbinder - last works 1981–1982 (ZDF, documentary film; director: Wolf Gremm ; production: Regina Ziegler ; on the shooting of Kamikaze 1989 and Querelle ; contributors: including RW Fassbinder, Wolf Gremm, Günther Kaufmann , Harry Baer, Johannes Grützke, Karin Viesel, Xaver Schwarzenberger , Josef Vavra, Franco Nero , Frank Ripploh , Robert van Ackeren ; length: approx. 60 min.)
  • 1982: The Peasant of Babylon. Rainer Werner Fassbinder shoots “Querelle” (documentary; director: Dieter Schidor ; making-of for Querelle ; contains the last interview with RW Fassbinder on June 9, 1982; length: approx. 80 min)
  • 1982: Apropos film - 2nd Venice Film Festival (ZDF / ORF, TV broadcast by Helmuth Dimko and Peter Hajek with excerpts from the press conference on Querelle with Jeanne Moreau , Hanno Pöschl , Xaver Schwarzenberger, Dieter Schidor ; interview with Jeanne Moreau and Brad Davis ; film clips from Querelle )
  • 1983: Making the pictures come true - Peer Raben - music for films (SR, television documentary on the film music by Peer Raben; director: Hans Emmerling; excerpts from Bolwieser and Berlin Alexanderplatz , among others )
  • 1984/85: Man is an ugly animal (ARD, television documentary with archive material by and with Rainer Werner Fassbinder; director: Rosemarie Stenzel-Quast; length: approx. 45 min)
  • 1985: Münchner Filmfest 1985 - The old and the new "Young German Film" (BR, by Eberhard Hauff ; founding of the authors' film publishing house ; interview passage with Rainer Werner Fassbinder approx. 1975/76; interview with Peter Lilienthal , interview with Hark Bohm )
  • 1985: ttt Title Theses Temperaments October 31, 1985 (HR, report and interview by Dietmar N. Schmidt on Gerhard Zwerenz ; report on the garbage, the city and the death of Rainer Werner Fassbinder; interview with Michel Friedman ; RW Fassbinder's statement on the play from 1976; excerpt from the discussion with moderator Jürgen Kritz and RW Fassbinder; interview with Günther Rühle )
  • 1985: ARD Brennpunkt - Not Only Theater - A German Trauerspiel (TV special for the planned performance of Der Müll, die Stadt und der Tod in the Frankfurt theater on October 31, 1985; moderation: Manfred Buchwald; guests: Micha Brumlik, Hermann Alter, Daniel Cohn-Bendit , Christian Raabe, Ernst-August-Schepmann, Peter Iden, Iring Fetscher, Michel Friedman, Dov Ben-Meir)
  • 1985: Club 2 - discussion broadcast (ZDF / ORF, TV round about the planned performance of Der Müll, die Stadt und der Tod on October 31, 1985 in the Frankfurter Schauspiel; moderation: Hubert Feichtlbauer; guests: Heiko Holefleisch , Daniel Cohn-Bendit , Ignatz Bubis , Alphons Sylbermann, Robert Schindel, Viktor Reimann, Gundl Herrnstadt-Steinmetz)
  • 1992: Night club - genius or provocateur (BR, TV broadcast on the 10th anniversary of RW Fassbinder's death; host: Hellmuth Karasek ; guests: Helmut Dietl , Peer Raben, Laurens Straub , Rosel Zech , Lilith Ungerer ; broadcast: June 5, 1992)
  • 1992: I don't just want you to love me ( ZDF / Project / Filmverlag der Autor ; Director: Hans Günther Pflaum ; Length: approx. 110 min)
  • 1992: Night edition - Role-playing: Women about Rainer Werner Fassbinder (SWF / 3sat, director: Thomas Honickel; collaboration: Margit Carstensen , Irm Hermann, Hanna Schygulla and Rosel Zech)
  • 1992: Alex - TV broadcast (SFB, for the 29th Theatertreffen in the Spiegelzelt at the Freie Volksbühne Berlin; moderation: Wilfried Rott; interview on RW Fassbinder with Liselotte Eder and Juliane Lorenz ; broadcast date: May 18, 1992)
  • 1993: Roerend Goed - Rainer Werner Fassbinder (Nederland 2, TV show of the Dutch television on RW Fassbinder; interviews with Hanna Schygulla, Xaver Schwarzenberger and Günter Lamprecht ; broadcast date: November 16, 1993)
  • 1994: Boulevard Bio (ARD, talk show and many more about RW Fassbinder; moderation: Alfred Biolek ; guests: Udo Kier , Michael Ballhaus and Horst Buchholz ; broadcast: January 25, 1994)
  • 1995: It is not good to live in a human body - The cinematic Last Judgment of Rainer Werner Fassbinder (BR, television documentary; director: Peter Buchka)
  • 1997: Ticket (SFB, TV magazine with a contribution to the USA retrospective on RW Fassbinder in the Museum of Modern Art in New York; moderation: Wilfried Rott; interviews with Hanna Schygulla, Rosel Zech and Juliane Lorenz; broadcast date: January 30, 1997 )
  • 1997: The Many Women of Fassbinder (RAI; directors: Alessandro Colizzi and Silvia Cossu; interviews with Bernardo Bertolucci , Peter Berling , Hanna Schygulla, Liliana Cavani, Dacia Maraini and Giovanni Spagnoletti)
  • 1997: RW Fassbinder Panel Discussion (HFA - Harvard Film Archive; moderation: John Gianvito; guests: Ingrid Scheib-Rotbarth, Eric Rentschler, Jane Shattuc, Gerd Gemünden, Barbara Sukowa , Wallace Steadman Watson)
  • 1997: Life, Love & Celluloid - A Journey and a Film Retrospective (Director: Juliane Lorenz ; Participation: Günter Lamprecht, Rosel Zech, Hanna Schygulla, Gottfried John, Maria Pelikan, Armin Armani, Ingrid-Scheib-Rothbart, Graham Leggat, Geoffrey Gilmore, Terry Elsworth, Bob Rosen, Laurence Kardish, Christa Armstrong and Mary Lea Bandy)
  • 1998: Kulturreport (ARD / ORB, TV magazine with a contribution by Gabriele Denecke to the rehearsals for Der Müll, die Stadt und der Tod in Tel Aviv / Israel, directed by Joram Löwenstein; broadcast date: April 18, 1999)
  • 2000: For me there was only Fassbinder - The happy victims of Rainer Werner Fassbinder (ZDF / arte, television documentary; director: Rosa von Praunheim ; participation Harry Baer, ​​Michael Ballhaus, Peter Berling, Francine Brücher, Sybille Danzer, Wolf Gremm , Irm Hermann , Juliane Lorenz, Doris Mattes, Eva Mattes , Brigitte Mira, Jeanne Moreau, Sonja Neudorfer, Peer Raben, Hanna Schygulla, Barbara Valentin and Ursula Strätz; broadcast date: November 10, 2000)
  • 2001: Fassbinder's collected legacies , director: Alexander Kluge , News & Stories , 45 min, online on the website of Kluges dctp.tv (broadcast date: September 16, 2001)
  • 2002: Boulevard Bio (ARD, episode 443; talk show on the 20th anniversary of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's death; moderation: Alfred Biolek; guest, among others, Juliane Lorenz; broadcast date: May 28, 2002)
  • 2002: aspekte (ZDF, TV magazine with a report on the 20th anniversary of the death of Rainer Werner Fassbinder; inter alia interview with Juliane Lorenz; broadcast date: June 7, 2002)
  • 2002: Ticket (SFB, TV magazine with an article on the 20th anniversary of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's death; moderation: Christine Thalmann; inter alia interview with Juliane Lorenz; broadcast date: June 13, 2002)
  • 2002: Rainer Werner Fassbinder - Der Theatermensch (ZDF, television documentary; director: Bruno Schneider; inter alia interviews with Ingrid Caven, Rudolf Waldemar Brem and Ursula Strätz)
  • 2002: Fassbinder in Hollywood (BR, television documentary; directors: Robert Fischer and Ulli Lommel ; interviews with Michael Ballhaus, Wim Wenders, Ulli Lommel, Dietrich Lohmann , Robert Fischer, Ian Birnie, Frédérique Michel, Hanna Schygulla; broadcast date: June 29th 2002)
  • 2005: The Restless: Rainer Werner Fassbinder (SWR, television documentary; director: Dagmar Wittmers , with Hanna Schygulla, Irm Hermann, Harry Baer, ​​Juliane Lorenz and others. First broadcast: February 10, 2005)
  • 2005: I build a house with my films (arte / SR, television documentary; director: Dagmar Wittmers, with Hanna Schygulla, Daniel Schmid, Peer Raben, Irm Hermann, Ingrid Caven, Juliane Lorenz, Harry Baer; first broadcast: May 27, 2005)
  • 2007: Fassbinders Berlin Alexanderplatz - A mega-film and its story (documentary; production / director: Juliane Lorenz; interviews with Günter Lamprecht, Hanna Schygulla, Gottfried John, Barbara Sukowa, Wolfram Schütte , Harry Baer, Dieter Minx , Barbara Baum , Günter Rohrbach , among others , Laurence Kardish ; length: approx. 65 min)
  • 2007: Fassbinders Berlin Alexanderplatz - observations during the restoration (documentary film; production / direction: Juliane Lorenz; interviews with Xaver Schwarzenberger, Günter Blasenbreu, Babette Fürbringer, Manni Gläser, Sebastian Kiesmüller, Alexander Klippe, Dieter Minx, Rudi Neuber, Hubertus Rath, among others, Josef (Sepp) Reidinger, Günter Rohrbach, Bianca Stumpf, Michael Weizel and Bettina Winter; length: approx. 35 min)
  • 2007: Gegenenschuss - Awakening of the Filmmakers (documentary about the authors' film publishing house ; Interview by Jürgen Kritz with RW Fassbinder about fear eats the soul at the Cannes Film Festival 1974)
  • 2008: Eye to Eye - a German film history (documentary; directors: Michael Althen and Hans Helmut Prinzler; inter alia. Interview with Michael Ballhaus on The Marriage of Maria Braun ; notes and film quotes on seven other films by RW Fassbinder)
  • 2009: Fassbinder's world on the wire - look ahead into the present (documentary; production / director: Juliane Lorenz; inter alia. Interviews with Michael Ballhaus, Fritz Müller-Scherz , Karl Heinz Vosgerau , Günter Rohrbach, Moritz Eggert , Roland Blach and Traudl Nicholson; excerpts from Welt am Draht ; length: approx. 45 min)
  • 2010: About love and constraints (documentary about I just want you to love me ; production / director: Robert Fischer; interviews with RW Fassbinder, Elke Aberle, Katharina Buchhammer, Erni Mangold, Vitus Zeplichal, Michael Ballhaus, Susi Dölfes, Günter Rohrbach, Karsten Ullrich, Hans Günther Pflaum and Christian Braad Thomsen; length: approx. 60 min; premiere: July 3, 2010 at the Munich Film Festival)
  • 2011: The cinema and its double: memories of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's 'Despair' (documentary; production / director: Robert Fischer; inter alia interviews with RW Fassbinder, Andréa Ferréol , Michael Ballhaus, Tom Stoppard , Juliane Lorenz, Dieter Minx, Alexander Allerson, Harry Baer, ​​Isolde Barth, John Coldstream and Brock Van Den Bogaerde; length: approx. 70 min)
  • 2012: Capriccio (BR, TV culture magazine with an article on the 30th anniversary of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's death; reports on the plays The bitter tears of Petra von Kant at the Residenztheater Munich and Satansbraten at the Kammerspiele Munich with film excerpts from the film of the same name; interviews, among others with Hanna Schygulla, Martin Kušej and Brigitte Hobmeier; transmission date: March 22, 2012)
  • 2012: ttt - titel, thesen, temperamente (WDR / ARD, TV-Kulturmagazin with an article on the 30th anniversary of the death of Rainer Werner Fassbinder under the title Seismograph German sensitivities ; interviews with Hanna Schygulla and Harry Baer; broadcast date: May 6, 2012 )
  • 2012: Once upon a time ... The marriage of Maria Braun (arte, documentary on The marriage of Maria Braun , D / F; director: François Lévy Kuentz; interviews with Hanna Schygulla, Elisabeth Trissenaar , Günter Lamprecht, Michael Ballhaus, Juliane Lorenz, Barbara Baum, Yann Lardeau and Daniel Cohn-Bendit; length: approx. 52 min; broadcast date: June 18, 2012)
  • 2015: Fassbinder . Documentary, Germany, 2015, cinema: 92 min., Television: 88 min., Book: Annekatrin Hendel , based on an idea by Juliane Lorenz , director: Annekatrin Hendel, production: It Works! Media, SWR , BR , WDR , RBB , arte , Rainer Werner Fassbinder Foundation, cinema release: April 30, 2015, first broadcast: May 27, 2015 on arte, SWR film announcement ( Memento from May 29, 2015 in the web archive archive.today )
  • 2020: Fassbinder, love without demanding - personal interview by Christian Braad Thomsen at the Cannes Film Festival 1978, produced by Filmgalerie 451, 107 min.


Star by Rainer Werner Fassbinder on the Boulevard der Stars in Berlin
  • 1969: Gerhart Hauptmann Prize (sponsorship prize for the play Katzelmacher )
  • 1969: Film Festival Mannheim-Heidelberg: Evangelical film award for Katzelmacher
  • 1969: German Film Critics' Prize for Katzelmacher
  • 1969: Television film award from the German Academy of Performing Arts for script and direction by Katzelmacher
  • 1969: FIPRESCI Prize from the international film press for Katzelmacher
  • 1970: Filmband in Gold (production, direction, book) for Katzelmacher
  • 1970: Film tape in gold (representation) for love is colder than death
  • 1971: Filmband in Gold (director) for Why is Mr. R. running amok?
  • 1972: Film tape in gold (design) for The Dealer of the Four Seasons
  • 1974: Adolf Grimme Prize (honorable recognition) for Welt am Draht
  • 1974: Cannes International Film Festival 1974 : FIPRESCI Prize from the international film press for fear eats the soul
  • 1974: Silver Hugo Award for fear eats the soul
  • 1974: Otto Dibelius Prize for Fontane Effi Briest
  • 1978: Filmband in Gold (director) for Despair - A journey into the light
  • 1978: Filmband in Gold (film conception) for Germany in autumn
  • 1979: Silver Bear at the 1979 Berlinale for The Marriage of Maria Braun
  • 1979: Filmband in Gold (director) for The Marriage of Maria Braun
  • 1979: Film tape in silver (production) for Maria Braun's marriage
  • 1979: Bronze Hugo Award for In a year with 13 moons
  • 1979: Luchino Visconti Prize
  • 1982: Golden Bear at the 1982 Berlinale for Veronika Voss' Sehnsucht
  • 1982: Silver film tape (production) for Lola
  • 2010: Star on the Boulevard of Stars in Berlin
  • Rainer-Werner-Fassbinder-Platz in Munich is named after him.




Web links

Commons : Rainer Werner Fassbinder  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. about Liselotte Eder (Pempeit). Accessed May 31, 2020 .
  2. ^ André Müller: The dead son. In: The time . April 24, 1992, accessed May 31, 2020 .
  3. ^ Rainer Werner Fassbinder - Munzinger biography. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
  4. 1945-1948 | Rainer Werner Fassbinder Foundation. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
  5. 1956 | Rainer Werner Fassbinder Foundation. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
  6. 1955-61 | Rainer Werner Fassbinder Foundation. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
  7. 1955-61 | Rainer Werner Fassbinder Foundation. Accessed May 31, 2020 .
  8. To raise funds, Fassbinder appeared in at least one Bundeswehr training film: Guilty or not guilty (1968) - in which he portrayed a soldier in court; Hermann is said to have arranged contact with the Bundeswehr. Fassbinder understandably kept this excursion a secret from his left theater colleagues; see. David Barnett: Rainer Werner Fassbinder and the German Theater , Cambridge University Press, 2006, pp. 54–56
  9. a b Rainer Werner Fassbinder Foundation (ed.): Rainer Werner Fassbinder work show. Argon, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-87024-212-4 , with catalog raisonné pp. 257–264.
  10. Uncontrolled ambiguities: Fassbinder's "The Garbage, the City and Death" in Tel Aviv , welt.de, April 26, 1999, on haGalil
  11. Review: Seismograph of German sensitivities. ( Memento from October 1, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) On the 30th anniversary of Rainer Werner Fassbinder's death. In: DasErste.de , May 6, 2012.
    Alexandra Paszkowska : The night he died. In: Der Tagesspiegel . June 8, 2012.
    O you hate-beloved poison. In: Der Spiegel . June 21, 1982, No. 25.
  12. billiongraves.de: Rainer-Werner-Fassbinder
  13. Documentary Jannat 'Ali (Ali in Paradies / My Name is not Ali) about El Hedi ben Salem, written and directed by Viola Shafik , Egypt, Germany, 2012.
  14. Lisa Sonnabend: Fassbinder's women and men. The man who kills himself because of him. In: sueddeutsche.de . June 11, 2012.
  15. Underexposed Alex? In: Der Spiegel . June 4, 2007, accessed September 2, 2011 .
  16. Schygulla sings poetry by Fassbinder. In: The world . April 28, 2015, accessed May 5, 2015 .
  17. Stefanie Schwetz: Fassbinderage: Huge material. In: Süddeutsche Zeitung . May 6, 2015, accessed May 27, 2015 .
  18. ^ Rainer Werner Fassbinder. Retrieved September 2, 2018 .
  19. FAZ, May 30, 2019: Fassbinder Center in Frankfurt: A new place for the film . (Accessed May 31, 2020)
  20. Lueken, Verena: Just more uncomfortable than Beuys, Richter or Grass. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. September 14, 2018, accessed September 16, 2018 .
  21. Désirée Nick comes to the cinema as Barbara Valentin. Retrieved November 12, 2019 .
  22. Interview by NDR Kultur with Oskar Roehler: "Fassbinder was able to become a kind of emotional dictator". NDR Radio & TV, June 4, 2020, accessed on July 12, 2020 .
  23. documenta 6th catalog. Volume 2, 1977, ISBN 3-920453-00-X , p. 205: Photography / Film / Video.
  24. ^ Exhibition Fassbinder - NOW . In: German Film Museum . accessed on May 30, 2015.
  25. Various Müller interview partners, including Fassbinder