Werner Schroeter was the son of an engineer and grew up in Bielefeld and Heidelberg. At the age of five he already expressed the desire to become a film director. A decisive experience for him at the age of thirteen was the radio broadcast of an opera aria by Maria Callas , which brought him into contact with the subject of opera for the first time. Callas became the only idol of his life for him; in interviews he called her a “messenger between God and man”. After graduating from high school in Heidelberg, he studied psychology in Mannheim for three semesters and also worked as a journalist. In the late 1960s Schroeter taught himself filmmaking with the first experimental work in 8 mm and 16 mm film , even at. Some of his first short films are dedicated to Maria Callas. After just a few weeks, he broke off studying at the Munich University of Television and Film . His first success was the two-hour experimental film Eika Katappa , which was awarded the Josef von Sternberg Prize by the Mannheim International Film Week in 1969.
Since 1972, Schroeter has regularly worked on theater and opera productions in cities such as Berlin , Bochum , Hamburg , Düsseldorf and Bonn , but also at foreign theaters in Paris , Brazil and Italy . Along with Rainer Werner Fassbinder , Wim Wenders , Alexander Kluge , Werner Herzog and Volker Schlöndorff, Schroeter is one of the most important film directors of the German post-war period. With Palermo or Wolfsburg he won the Golden Bear at the Berlin Film Festival in 1980 . He has also worked as a producer , screenwriter , cameraman and actor in numerous films. His filmmaking partners included Magdalena Montezuma , Isabelle Huppert , Hermann Killmeyer , producer Paulo Branco , camerawoman Elfi Mikesch , film editor Juliane Lorenz and still photographer Digne Meller-Marcovicz . Schroeter, who was open to his homosexuality, was for a time in a relationship with Rosa von Praunheim , with whom he shot the short film Grotesk-Burlesk-Pittoresk in 1968 with Magdalena Montezuma in the leading role.
In 1972 Werner Schroeter was a participant in Documenta 5 in Kassel with the film The Death of Maria Malibran in the Film Show: Other Cinema department . In 2008 Schroeter received an invitation for Nuit de chien to compete at the 65th Venice Film Festival . The drama is an adaptation of Juan Carlos Onetti's novel Para esta noche with Pascal Greggory , Amira Casar , Elsa Zylberstein and Nathalie Delon in the leading roles. Schroeter was awarded the special prize of the jury of the Venice Film Festival 2008 for his “innovative, uncompromising and often provocative” work.
Schroeter was honored with the gay and lesbian Teddy Award at the Berlinale 2010 because he can be seen as a radical experimenter and great outsider of the New German Cinema . In mid-March of the same year, he was awarded the Bielefeld Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau Film Prize .
Werner Schroeter died at the age of 65 in a Kassel clinic as a result of his cancer. He found his final resting place in cemetery IV of the Jerusalem and New Church Congregation in Dept. J 010-008-015 (GPS data 52.48774, 13.40301). The tombstone of Magdalena Montezuma , who Werner Schroeter occasionally referred to as my muse , has been on his grave since 2015 .
In 2018, the Akademie der Künste honored artist friends Werner Schroeter, Elfi Mikesch and Rosa von Praunheim with the exhibition Waste Products of Love in their rooms. The title of the exhibition corresponds to Schroeter's film of the same name.
Forms of expression in film
His work is attributed to the New German Film . Schroeter often uses opulent, expressive means in his films in which his connection to opera and theater becomes evident. He also uses such means in his documentaries , for example in the form of montage of staged expressive sequences with documenting passages of the film. Comments set in this way give the documentation an ostensibly subjective character, but ultimately illustrate central aspects of the respective topic in an artistic way. An example of this approach is the film Waste Products of Love , in which various opera singers and excerpts from their work are portrayed. Here it is u. a. the skilful montage of personal interviews and staged dialogues and arias , which causes the film to break through the artificiality of the operatic milieu and to make the people behind it approachable.
Activity as a film lecturer
Around the turn of the millennium, Werner Schroeter conducted exercises in directing and acting at the Munich University of Television and Film : Farewell in bed - exercise in post-orgasmic farewell and in the following year war - your men, your women - no war without women .
- 1967: Verona
- 1968: aggression
- 1968: Callas Walking Lucia
- 1968: Callas text with double illumination
- 1968: Faces
- 1968: Grotesk - Burlesk - Pittoresk (co-director with Rosa von Praunheim )
- 1968: sky high
- 1968: La morte d'Isotta
- 1968: Maria Callas portrait
- 1968: Mona Lisa
- 1968: Paula - Je reviens
- 1968: exercises with actors
- 1968: Virginia's Death
- 1969: Argila
- 1969: Eika Katappa. A collage of game scenes and music
- 1969: Neurasia
- 1969: Nicaragua
- 1970: Anglia
- 1970: The bomber pilot
- 1971: Macbeth
- 1971: Salome
- 1972: The death of Maria Malibran
- 1973: Willow Springs
- 1975: The black angel
- 1975: Johanna's dream
- 1976: gold flakes
- 1978: Neapolitan siblings / Regno di Napoli
- 1980: Palermo or Wolfsburg
- 1980: The dress rehearsal
- 1980: White Journey
- 1981: Day of the Idiots
- 1982: Love Council
- 1983: The laughing star
- 1986: In search of the sun
- 1986: The Rose King
- 1986: For example Argentina
- 1991: Malina
- 1996: Poussières d'amour - waste products of love
- 2000: The Queen - Marianne Hoppe
- 2002: Deux
- 2008: Nuit de chien - That night
In early 2009, Schroeter's photographs were publicly exhibited for the first time in an exhibition under the name autrefois et toujours in Munich. Since 1973 the director portrayed the companions of his art and life path, such as Magdalena Montezuma, Christine Kaufmann and Antonio Orlando. The works were created with Polaroid, Minox and disposable cameras and enlarged without digital manipulation.
- Days in twilight, nights in intoxication. Autobiography (with Claudia Lenssen; preface: Elfriede Jelinek ). Construction Verlag, Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-351-02732-2
- 1969: Josef von Sternberg Prize of the Mannheim-Heidelberg International Film Festival for Eika Katappa
- 1978: Prize of the Baden-Baden TV Film Festival for Neapolitan siblings
- 1979: Filmband in Gold ( Best Director ) for Neapolitan Siblings
- 1979: Adolf Grimme Prize with gold for Neapolitan siblings
- 1980: Golden Bear of the Berlin International Film Festival for Palermo or Wolfsburg
- 1981: Film tape in silver for his documentary film The dress rehearsal for the Nancy theater festival, which was made for ZDF
- 1982: Film tape in Gold (Best Director) for Idiots Day
- 1983: Critics' Prize of the São Paulo International Film Festival for Love Council
- 1987: Rotterdam Prize ("Works Award") of the International Film Festival Rotterdam
- 1988: Special award from the Minister of Culture of North Rhine-Westphalia at the Adolf Grimme Prize for In Search of the Sun
- 1991: Filmband in Gold (Best Director) for Malina
- 1996: Prize of the city of Hof at the Hof International Film Festival
- 1996: Honorary Leopard at the Locarno International Film Festival
- 1997: German film critic's award for Poussières d'amour - waste products of love
- 2000: Documentary film award of the Duisburg Film Week for The Queen - Marianne Hoppe
- 2000: Arte Prize for The Queen - Marianne Hoppe
- 2008: Golden Lion (Leone d'Oro) at the Venice International Film Festival for the complete works
- 2009: Special award from the Festival of German Films in Ludwigshafen for Nuit de chien
- 2010: Special teddy
- 2010: Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau Film Prize
- 2011: Star on the Boulevard of Stars in Berlin
Films about Schroeter
- 2011: Mondo Lux - Werner Schroeter's Imagery - Documentary, Germany, 97 min., Written and directed by Elfi Mikesch .
- 2012: Rosas Welt - Director: Rosa von Praunheim
- Peter W. Jansen, Wolfram Schütte (Ed.): Werner Schroeter. Deutsche Kinemathek Foundation , Series: Film. No. 20, Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich / Vienna 1980, ISBN 3-446-12855-7 . Contributions from Sebastian Feldmann (commented filmography), Hans Jansen (theater), Dietrich Kuhlbrodt, Daniel Schmid (interview with WS), Walter Schobert (data), W. Schütte.
- Peter Berling (ed.), Oskar Panizza and Werner Schroeter: Liebeskonzil-Filmbuch. Schirmer-Mosel, Munich 1982, ISBN 3-921375-93-2 .
- Gérard Courant: Werner Schroeter. Goethe-Institut / La Cinémathèque Française, Paris 1982.
- Sabina Dhein: Werner Schroeter. Series: Direction in the theater. Fischer, Frankfurt a. M. 1991, ISBN 3-596-10543-9 .
- Sieghart Döhring: Amore e morte : The idea of the opera in Werner Schroeter's films. In: Stephanie Schroedter (Ed.): Movements between hearing and seeing. Movements of thought about movement arts . Königshausen & Neumann, Würzburg 2012, ISBN 3-8260-4744-3 , pp. 491-500.
- Elfriede Jelinek: Malina film book. Based on the novel by Ingeborg Bachmann. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt a. M. 1991, ISBN 3-518-40285-4 .
- Michelle Langford: Allegorical Images: Tableau, Time and Gesture in the Cinema of Werner Schroeter, Intellect, Bristol 2005. ISBN 978-1-84150-138-3 .
- Ute Seiderer: Film as a psychogram. Spaces of consciousness and images in Werner Schroeters Malina. Diskurs Film, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-926372-57-5 .
- Heinz-Norbert Jocks: Aesthetics of Awakening. About the beauty of hope and the beauty of despair, a conversation with Werner Schroeter . In: Lettre International , No. 89, 2010, pp. 94-99
- Ralph Eue: King of the Night . In: Der Tagesspiegel , October 26, 2008, p. 25; portrait
- Ask the universe . In: Die Zeit , No. 43/2008; interview
- Daniel Kothenschulte : Late masterpiece . In: Frankfurter Rundschau , April 1, 2009; portrait
- Irene Bazinger: You either do it or you don't. That's all . In: Berliner Zeitung , March 20, 2010; conversation
- Rüdiger Suchsland: The idea of forming the heart . In: FAZ , April 18, 2010; interview
- Official website of Werner Schroeter
- Werner Schroeter in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Werner Schroeter at filmportal.de
- Literature by and about Werner Schroeter in the catalog of the German National Library
- Michelle Langford: Werner Schroeter
- Photographs by Werner Schroeters in the Jörg Heitsch Gallery in Munich
- The Death of Maria Malibran (1972)
- Werner Schroeter . In: International Biographical Archive 37/2002
- Interview with Werner Schroeter in: Die Zeit 43/2008
- Profile at adk.de (accessed October 26, 2008)
- detail at this time Werner Schroeter . Series film. Hanser, 1980.
- Awards of the 17th International Film Week Mannheim ( Memento from November 13, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Nick Vivarelli: Venice Film Festival announces Slate . ( Memento of June 18, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) July 29, 2008; Retrieved July 30, 2008
- Murnau Film Prize: Schroeter and Mikesch honored . n-tv.de/ dpa , March 14, 2010; accessed March 15, 2010
- Waste Products of Love website , accessed September 19, 2018.
Bert Rebhandl : A conversation with Elfi Mikesch. In the center of a very small field. In: FAZ , February 5, 2011, page Z 6.
Joachim briefly reviews: Mondo Lux - The world of images of Werner Schröter . ( Memento from December 22, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) kino-zeit.de
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German film, opera and theater director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||April 7, 1945|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Georgenthal|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 12, 2010|
|Place of death||kassel|