|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Fulfilling municipality :||for Emleben
|Height :||390 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||74.76 km 2|
|Residents:||7261 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||97 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||99887|
|Primaries :||036253, 03622, 03623, 03624|
|License plate :||GTH|
|Community key :||16 0 67 092|
|LOCODE :||DE GT2|
|Community structure:||11 districts|
|Address of the
|Tambacher Str. 2
|Mayor :||Bert Rommeiß|
|Location of the community Georgenthal in the district of Gotha|
The oldest settlement in Georgenthal goes back to the Asolveroth and Rekkers settlements (Gut Rathkersdorf) in the early clearing period. In 1143 the St. Georg Monastery, a Cistercian monastery , was founded by the Counts of Schwarzburg - Käfernburg . The names Vallis St. Georgii and Monte St. Georgii refer to this monastery , under which the place was mentioned in the 12th century. 1347 is then referred to as Jurginthal . In 1335, the St. Georg Monastery owned almost 11,000 hectares of land with twelve villages and had an important horse breeding business. The monastery was looted by an insurgent peasant army on Easter vigil during the Peasants' War in 1525. In 1531 the monastery property was confiscated by Elector Johann von Sachsen . The former monastery and its twelve villages formed the Georgenthal office in the future . From 1600, one of the monastery buildings was converted into a summer residence, the “Georgenthal Castle”. It was designed and used, among others, by Duke Ernst the Pious of Gotha . From 1792 to 1794, Samuel Hahnemann founded and operated the first German homeopathic institution for the mentally ill here. The place then developed into a popular excursion and holiday destination towards the end of the 19th century.
From 1646 to 1711 the files of the Georgenthal office list 71 witch persecutions . In 1674 alone, 13 witch trials took place under bailiff and witch hunter Benedikt Leo . With very few exceptions, the defendants were handed over to death by burning. Some women died as a result of the ordeal. Sixty-year-old Martha Lanz was burned at the stake on June 4, 1674 on the Hirzberg. The 35-year-old widow of the charcoal burner Lorenz Ortlepp from Catterfeld did not confess to torture and was acquitted.
For many years Georgenthal was a railway junction with its through station. First, in 1876, the Ohratal Railway Gotha – Gräfenroda reached the place. In 1896 the Fröttstädt – Georgenthal railway was opened, but it was shut down and dismantled from Friedrichroda in 1947 as a reparation payment for the Soviet Union. In 1892 the Georgenthal – Tambach-Dietharz railway was opened. Passenger traffic was stopped on this connection in 1969, but the infrastructure for freight traffic was renovated. Due to the poor condition of the line, DB Cargo finally stopped freight traffic at the end of 1995. The line was dismantled in 2010, with the exception of a short remnant between Georgenthal and Georgenthal Ort, which is to serve as a museum. On December 11, 2011, due to the falling number of passengers, passenger traffic on the Ohratal Railway was also discontinued.
During the Second World War , more than 100 men and women had to do forced labor in the Kurhaus, in hotels, in sawmills and in the railway maintenance office. In April 1945 the Wehrmacht officer Otto Fabian refused to lead the Volkssturm to a hopeless fight against the advanced American troops, whereupon he was shot by the SS . The square in front of the Georgenthal Ort train station was named Otto-Fabian-Platz and was given a memorial stone in 1979.
On April 1, 1999 Nauendorf was incorporated.
On December 31, 2019, the communities of Leinatal , Georgenthal, Hohenkirchen and Petriroda merged to form the rural community of Georgenthal. This became a fulfilling community for Emleben and Herrenhof . With the exception of Leinatal, all of the above-mentioned municipalities were previously united in the Apfelstädtaue administrative community.
The past local elections since 1994 have produced the following results:
|Parties and constituencies||2019||2014||2009||2004||1999||1994|
|BfGN eV||Citizens for Georgenthal and Nauendorf eV||37.6||5||15.4||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|AVB||Alliance of clubs and citizens||26.8||4th||18.7||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||19.7||3||33.1||5||28.0||4th||33.0||5||24.3||4th||24.3||3|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||15.9||2||12.6||2||16.3||2||10.0||1||16.5||3||29.1||4th|
|FWG||Free voter community Georgenthal e. V.||-||-||11.1||1||16.3||2||11.3||2||10.7||2||19.3||3|
|LINKE (until 2004: PDS)||Die Linke (until 2004: Party of Democratic Socialism )||-||-||9.0||1||12.2||2||10.0||1||7.9||1||-||-|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||-||-||-||-||27.2||4th||35.8||5||40.5||6th||27.2||4th|
|Voter turnout in%||55.2||55.8||54.6||53.5||69.7||74.8|
coat of arms
The blazon for the Georgenthal coat of arms reads: “In gold, a knight in red armor seated on a black horse with a silver bridle and saddle; holding the reins with the left hand, with the right hand a red-handled lance with a silver tip pushing a green dragon at his feet, accompanied by a silver, green-bordered six-leaf rosette at the top right. "
Blazon for the coat of arms of the district of Nauendorf: "In red a broad silver coat of arms pole, inside on a green hill a standing, right-looking black cock with a red crest, red neck rags and feet."
Culture and sights
Georgenthal is a state-approved resort .
- Georgenthal monastery ruins
- St. Elisabeth Church
- Monastery courtyard and granary with stone rosette from the monastery period. The granary still preserved today with the large rose window in the north gable has tracery in six-pass shape and is an architectural treasure. Its inner diameter is 2.64 m. It was extensively restored in 2011. The granary probably dates from the 15th century and has been rebuilt several times. Although its original purpose cannot be proven, the installation of a chimney hood in the southeast corner suggests that it was a winter refectory . Since the monastery was visited by many pilgrims, it can also be used as a hospital or accommodation. In the post-monastery period, the building served as an interest and tax office for the Georgenthal office and was given its current name at that time. It was used as a granary until 1960 and today contains a lapidary with excavation pieces, e.g. B. keystones with Eichenblatt- or Efeuornamenten from the ruined vaults of the abbey church and fragments of transverse arches , vaulted ribs and vaults approaches that seem almost gothic.
- former summer residence "Schloss Georgenthal"
- Romanesque ruins of the Georgenthal Monastery
- Hexenturm, prison during the witch trials between 1646 and 1711. From this time 71 witch persecutions of the Georgenthal office are known. Most of the victims were burned to death, some women also died as a result of torture. Martha Lanz, 60, was burned at the stake on the nearby Hirzberg, while the 35-year-old widow of the charcoal burner Lorenz Ortlepp from Catterfeld endured the torture, was not confessed and acquitted.
- Close to nature spa park, formerly a monastery garden
- Lohmühle and Lohmühlenmuseum
- Bromacker dinosaur site , dinosaur adventure trail (opening in September 2011)
- Location of the “largest chimney draft grill in the world” (dimensions of the grill area approx. 2 × 2 meters; with an entry in the Guinness Book of Records ) by the THÜROS company
Organ by Rudolf Böhm from 1894 in the St. Elisabeth Church
Sons and daughters of the church
- Friedrich Karl Heinrich Otto Gebhardt (1827–1888), Councilor of State in Gotha, Member of Parliament in the Duchy of Coburg-Gotha
- Hans von Wangenheim (1859–1915), diplomat
- Hartmut Jungius (* 1939), zoologist and conservationist
- Peter Weise (* 1941), economist
- Wolfgang Trautmann (* 1944), sociologist
- Werner Schroeter (1945–2010), director
Connected to the community
- Julie Baroness von Mauchenheim called Bechtholsheim (1751–1847), German poet and salonnière
- Christian Freiherr von Mauchenheim called Bechtolsheim (* 1960), German entrepreneur and ambassador of the Sovereign Order of Malta, has his first residence in Georgental
- Heinrich Stiehler: Monastery and place Georgenthal. A journey through the individual times. Second part: The place and its surroundings from its first beginning to its current development. Glaeser, Gotha 1893 ( digitized version ) (Reprint Verlag Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 2002, ISBN 978-3-936030-78-5 )
- Wolfgang Steguweit: The Georgenthal Bracteatenfund from 1980. In: Alt-Thüringen 18. 1983, pp. 176–181.
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- Source for the place Georgenthal with the district Nauendorf: Here 17 women and three men got into witch trials in 1554–1689 . Ronald Füssel: The persecution of witches in the Thuringian region , publications of the working group for historical witchcraft and crime research in Northern Germany, Volume 2, Hamburg 2003, p. 236f.
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1999
- Thuringian Law and Ordinance Gazette No. 11/2019 of October 18, 2019, p. 385 ff. , Accessed on December 30, 2019
- Result of the 2019 local elections
- Result of the 2014 local elections
- Result of the 2009 local elections
- Result of the 2004 local elections
- Result of the local elections in 1999
- Result of the local elections in 1994
- Dinosaur path opened in the Thuringian Forest ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , MDR Thuringia, accessed on September 21, 2011