|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Fulfilling municipality :||Nessetal|
|Height :||260 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||16.47 km 2|
|Residents:||1194 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||72 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||99869|
|Area code :||036254|
|License plate :||GTH|
|Community key :||16 0 67 063|
|Association administration address:||Main street 15
|Mayor :||Jürgen Fleischhauer (WE)|
|Location of the community of Sonneborn (Thuringia) in the district of Gotha|
Sonneborn is a municipality in the Thuringian district of Gotha and is located northwest of the district town of Gotha . The place celebrated its 1225th anniversary in 2010. Since January 1, 2019, Nessetal has been a fulfilling municipality for Sonneborn, before that it was part of the Mittleres Nessetal administrative community .
Sonneborn is at the beginning of the lower Nesselaufs . On the other, north side of the river is Brüheim . Other nearby places are Metebach in the south, Eberstädt in the east and Friedrichswerth in the west. On the eastern edge of the village, the Arzbach strives towards the Nesse, in the west the Gliemenbach does so , which flows into the Nesse opposite the Riedmühle .
The name Sonneborn , formerly also Sunnenburn , Sunnenbrunne , means sun well . The place name refers to the source in the locality called Sumfer , it has been enclosed by a wall for centuries, provides spring water of the same temperature, the temperature of which is around 8 ° C even in winter. The spring is said to have never frozen over or dried up in summer in living memory. This peculiarity can also be found in the local seal and in today's coat of arms, which represents the sun that stands over the fountain.
The Sonneborn corridor on the western edge of the Thuringian Basin has been occupied by numerous settlement areas since the Neolithic Age . Five settlements of the band ceramists alone are known, until the 1960s stone tools found by the cord ceramists and the bell beaker culture were regularly given to the Gotha Museum by attentive harvest workers.
On the Steinberg near Sonneborn there was a single Late Bronze Age burial mound. When it was removed in 1949, a subsequent burial with a high medieval coin treasure - 26 bracteates from the time of St. Elisabeth of Thuringia (1225–1230) - came to light. The remarkable “body grave of Haina” and similar finds date back to Roman times and the subsequent migration period . These are individual burials of warriors who probably died while marching through the Sonneborn area and were buried with their belongings and weapons at the place of death.
After the fall of the Thuringian Empire in 531, the Franks penetrated along the rivers and old roads into the settlement areas of the Thuringian tribes. For example, the field and place names Frankenroda , Osthofen and Nordhofen in the vicinity of the place are reminiscent of this time . In the 8th century, the Christianization of the population began with extensive land donations to the imperial monasteries of Fulda and Hersfeld. A directory of the Hersfeld monastery from around 780 names 6 farms and 10 Hufen land in Sonneborn. The settlement was built up to around the year 1000, combined with clearing work and the reclamation of the Nesseaue. Invasions by the Hungarians (also referred to as the Huns in medieval chronicles) are also documented in West Thuringia - the Eisenach chronicler Johannes Rothe mentions their campaign along the Nesse. Around the year 1000, the first stone church was built in the local area of Sonneborn, it was surrounded by a stone wall into which the village population could save themselves with their belongings. The location was also surrounded by a protective ditch and a “wall” made of clay.
Sonneborn belonged to the Wangenheim Court in the later Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha after it was acquired by the Lords of Wangenheim in 1370 until the patrimonial courts were repealed in the mid-19th century . The castle in the village became the seat of the Wangenheim court in Sonneborn. From 1920 the place was in the state of Thuringia .
Development of the population (December 31) :
- Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
The local elections on May 26, 2019 brought the following results:
|Party / list||Seats||G / V|
Jürgen Fleischhauer (WIR) was elected mayor in June 2016. He won the runoff election against his predecessor Günter Dietmar (non-party) by just one vote.
Buildings and other sights in and around Sonneborn
- Chapel of Nordhofen: Small settlements emerged from the Franconian homesteads of Nordhofen and Osthofen, which were attached to Sonneborn. Nordhofen received its own chapel in 1250, and a hospital was built nearby to weed out travelers suffering from illness or injuries in order to prevent the spread of epidemics. To finance the hospital, the associated chapel was designated as a place of pilgrimage in 1359. Monks from the Wilhelmitenkloster Weißenborn in Thal, about 15 km away, also looked after the sick . When the Nordhofen chapel was demolished in 1937, two objects known as “silver bars” were recovered. This treasure find dates back to around 1300, when the Landgraviate of Thuringia was ravaged by a bloody civil war.
- "Yellow Castle": From 1653 the still existing structure was built on a peninsula.
- The castle: In the High Middle Ages, the Nessetal was more important as an army route and march route for the royal administration. In addition to the three castle complexes and fortifications in the neighboring town of Haina and the moated castles of Laucha (Weiherschloss), Wangenheim, Eberstädt and Friedrichswerth ( Erffa castle ), Sonneborn also received a castle around the year 1100. In 1137 a knight Boppo Julius von Sonneborn was in the service of the Fulda monastery. The castle was located as a low castle in a depression in the local area and was protected by a moat or pond. In 1370, the Lords of Wangenheim acquired the castle and associated possessions. The castle has been rebuilt and reduced in size several times over the centuries. A beautiful, slate-covered moated castle with four wings and a round tower was preserved. In 1945 the von Wangenheim family was expropriated, imprisoned and the slate lock demolished on the basis of Order No. 209 of the Soviet Military Administration in Germany . Only the remains of the foundation wall of the corner tower and the moat remained.
- To the southeast of the village, at the foot of the Krahnberg, are the “Viole Ponds”: This standing water, designated as a natural conservation monument , has formed in a subrosion depression and is fed by surface water. The water level in such bodies of water fluctuates greatly due to the weather, and it can also dry out.
- See also: List of cultural monuments in Nessetal
There is a primary school in Sonneborn, in which the pupils from the surrounding towns ( Brüheim , Eberstädt , Friedrichswerth , Haina ) are taught up to the 4th grade. There is a kindergarten and the children's group "Fröbelhaus-Sarona".
Economy and Infrastructure
Economy and trade
Sonneborn has its own industrial park. Among other things, a large European window manufacturer has settled there.
Water and sewage
The water supply and wastewater disposal is ensured by the water and wastewater association Mittleres Nessetal , which is also based in Sonneborn.
- Friedrich Adam Julius von Wangenheim (1749–1800), dendrologist
- Friedrich Wilhelm Karl Umbreit (1795–1860), theologian
- Arthur Luck (1895–1962), trade union official, local politician ( SED ) and consumer cooperative
- Paul Thiel (1924–2007), racing driver
- Kurt Langlotz: Excerpts from the Ortschronik Sonneborn (785–1985) . In: Hainich-Heimathefte . Booklet 21. Rockstuhl, 1991, ISSN 0941-3219 , p. 46 .
- Population of the municipalities from the Thuringian State Office for Statistics ( help on this ).
- Kurt Langlotz: Excerpts from the Ortschronik ... 1991, Name and Origin Sonneborns, p. 2-3 .
- Hermann Kaufmann: My life with the home history . In: Museum for Regional History and Folklore Gotha (Hrsg.): Gothaer Museumheft . 1995, ISSN 0863-2421 , p. 7-26 .
- Herrmann Kaufmann: Medieval reburials with bracteat treasure in a grave mound from the Neolithic Age of Sonneborn, Gotha district . In: Annual journal for Central German Prehistory . tape 36 , 1952, pp. 140-148 .
- Andreas Schreiner: New late imperial cremation graves from the district of Gotha . In: Museum for Regional History and Folklore Gotha (Hrsg.): Gothaer Museumheft . 1995, ISSN 0863-2421 , p. 55-66 .
- Sonneborn. In: Hans Patze , Peter Aufgebauer (Hrsg.): Handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 9: Thuringia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 313). 2nd, improved and supplemented edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1989, ISBN 3-520-31302-2 , pp. 411-412.
- Kurt Langlotz: Excerpts from the local history ... 1991, Sonneborn around 800 to 1500 AD. Z., S. 3-6 .
- Local council election Sonneborn 2014. In: wahlen.thueringen.de. Retrieved December 15, 2019 .
- City council election Sonneborn 2019. In: wahlen.thueringen.de. Retrieved December 15, 2019 .
- Mayor election Sonneborn 2016. In: wahlen.thueringen.de. Retrieved December 15, 2019 .
- Wolfgang Eberhardt: Brief history of the Wilhelmitenkloster Weißenborn near Thal . In: On the history of the country on the Werra and Hörsel . tape I . Self-published, Bruchsal 1979, p. 44 .
- W. Hävernick: The silver bar find from Sonneborn, Gotha district . In: German coin sheets . Berlin 1939.
- Thomas Bienert Medieval Castles in Thuringia , Gudensberg 2000, p. F ISBN 3-86134-631-1 .
- Franz Bumme: The Castle of Erffa and Friedrichswerth . In: (Reprint, excerpts from the local history from 1899) . Rockstuhl, Bad Langensalza 1994, ISBN 3-929000-37-7 , p. 77-81 .