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Hörsel municipality
Coordinates: 50 ° 58 ′ 12 ″  N , 10 ° 36 ′ 32 ″  E
Height : 316 m above sea level NN
Area : 5.63 km²
Residents : 120  (December 31, 2014)
Population density : 21 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : December 1, 2011
Postal code : 99880
Area code : 036254
Location of Metebach in Hörsel

Metebach is a part of the rural community of Hörsel in the northwest of the Thuringian district of Gotha .


View towards the church

Geographical location

Metebach is about five kilometers west-northwest of Gotha city ​​center. The closest places are except Gotha Sonneborn (NNW), Goldbach (NO), Remstädt (O), Trügleben (SO), Aspach (SSW). The district Neufrankenroda is three kilometers west of Metebach; the shortest connection between the two places is a dirt road. Metebach lies on the flat northern slope of the Krahnberg . In the north of the village the Metebach flows in the direction of Sonneborn.

Expansion of the area

The total area of ​​the Metebach district is 563 hectares.


Until 2011, the village of Metebach and the small settlement Neufrankenroda with the estate of the same name belonged to Metebach . Since December 1, 2011, Metebach and Neufrankenroda have been independent districts of the rural community of Hörsel.


The place was first mentioned in a document around 1300. In order to raise the financial means for the construction of an abbey castle, the Fulda abbey sold the villages of Metebach and Frankenroda to the Counts of Henneberg and the Counts of Wangenheim . In a document from 1317, the brothers Friedrich and Albert von Wangenheim are identified as the owners of the two villages. In the course of the Thuringian Count Wars, the rights were transferred to the Wettins in 1347 and 1390 .

The plague ravaged Metebach several times from 1597 to 1625. In 1677 Duke Friedrich I. bought Metebach from the Lords of Erffa from Friedrichswerth . The "administrative district Friedrichswerth", which included the places Friedrichswerth, Metebach and Neufrankenroda, later belonged to the Gotha office .

During the Seven Years War in 1757 some generals and senior officers quartered in Metebach. The more than 400 horses in the troop used up all their hay and oat supplies. The Reich Execution Army under the leadership of the Duke of Saxony-Hildburghausen passed through Thuringia and was defeated in the Battle of Roßbach by the army of Friedrich II .

In 1798 a new village was founded in the corridor of the Neufrankenroda chamber estate at the expense of the ducal chamber. This new colony was intended to promote the welfare of the country and its subjects. In particular, the status of the forest workers should be supported, who tended to theft and idleness during this time due to poverty and unemployment. The jurisdiction of the new village was transferred to the Gotha office. The new place consisted of ten barns, ten stables and ten houses, in which five families were initially assigned. Each owner was assigned 5.5 acres of land, the land was divided up and filled with fruit trees, two wells dug and a wood planted. The construction of this colony cost 12.75 thalers. Neufrankenroda was parish off to Metebach, but received its own school teacher. Until 1818 Neufrankenroda was supported with considerable financial means, and considerable measures were taken to preserve and secure the food supply. Nevertheless, Neufrankenroda fell into such disrepair that it had to be completely abolished in 1818. The residents did not pay the fixed rent, and the land was not built on either. They also ravaged their home furnishings (today they would be called messies ). Although they were not the least bit demanding, the colonists received 150 thalers each to buy a house in other places.

After Neufrankenroda no longer existed as a community, servants and day laborers from Friedrichswerth still lived here, to whom the community of Metebach was assigned as their home district.

Metebach gained sad fame through the last public execution in the Duchy of Saxony-Gotha . It took place on February 18, 1839. At that time Heinrich Kästner was beheaded with the sword for the murder of Friedrich Weisse. Kästner robbed the carpenter's apprentice Weisse on December 31, 1837 on their way to Metebach in Aspacher Holz (a small wood southwest of Metebach) and seriously injured them with a knife. The victim died a little later in Metebach. At the time it was customary to execute the murderer on the scene of his crime. An atonement cross was later erected on the site , which still commemorates the murder and the last public execution.

On September 23, 1995, Metebach became a member of the Hörsel administrative association founded in 1994 . By order of the Thuringian State Parliament on 16 November 2011, the administrative community Hörsel was dissolved on December 1, 2011, through a voluntary merger of ten previously independent municipalities Aspach , Ebenheim , Fröttstädt , Hörselgau , Laucha , Mechterstädt , Metebach, Teutleben , Trügleben and Weingarten the Rural community of Hörsel will be newly formed.

Population development

Development of the population (December 31st each) :

  • 1994-182
  • 1995-180
  • 1996-173
  • 1997-170
  • 1998-158
  • 1999 - 159
  • 2000 - 159
  • 2001 - 166
  • 2002 - 169
  • 2003 - 163
  • 2004 - 178
  • 2005 - 188
  • 2006 - 191
  • 2007 - 186
  • 2008 - 185
  • 2009 - 180
  • 2010 - 185
  • 2014 - 120
Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics


Former mayor

In the mayoral election on June 27, 2004, none of the candidates could achieve a majority, so that on July 11, 2004 a runoff was necessary. Torsten Kühn was elected honorary mayor of the community on September 26, 2004 . With the conversion to a rural community, he became the district mayor on December 1, 2011 .

  • 1994–1999: Frank Meister ( CDU )
  • 1999–2004: Angelika Nack (independent)
  • 2004–2011: Torsten Kühn (Volunteer Fire Brigade Metebach)

Economy and Infrastructure

Water and sewage

The water supply and wastewater disposal is ensured by the water and wastewater association Mittleres Nessetal .

Culture and sights


  • In 1259 the Church of St. John was built in Metebach in the Romanesque style. The church consecrated to St. John is on a hill. Because of its name and its elevated position, it could have been built on the site of an ancient pagan sanctuary. In 1416 the church received bells. The smaller one bears the inscription 1416, probably the year of manufacture. In 1712 the church was rebuilt with the help of the then Schulze (mayor). The interior of the church has been redesigned. Red chalk paintings in the style of the peasant baroque and a wooden barrel vault studded with stars gave the small church a splendid appearance. In 1743 the larger bell was finally cast around after it had cracked for the third time.
  • Neufrankenroda estate

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Municipality of Hörsel: Neufrankenroda »Municipality of Hörsel. In: Retrieved November 15, 2016 .
  2. Hörselbote - Official Gazette of the Hörsel Administrative Association, 9th year, No. 10/2011  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 869 kB), ed. v. Administrative association "Hörsel", Hörselgau, November 25, 2011, p. 1@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  3. StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2011
  4. ↑ Mayoral elections on June 12, 1994 in Thuringia - final result , Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt; Retrieved December 2, 2011
  5. ↑ Mayoral elections on June 13, 1999 in Thuringia - final result , Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt; Retrieved December 2, 2011
  6. Results of the mayoral elections , in: Local elections 2004 in Thuringia: Final results, elections of the mayors ( Memento from February 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 3.3 MB), ed. v. Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt, April 2008
  7. Thuringian Lord Mayor and Mayor , in: Local elections 2006 in Thuringia: Final results, elections of the district administrators, Lord Mayors and Mayors ( Memento from December 16, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 2.4 MB), ed. v. Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt, April 2007
  8. ↑ Mayoral elections on June 6, 2010 in Thuringia - final result , Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt; Retrieved December 2, 2011

Web links

Commons : Metebach  - collection of images, videos and audio files