Laucha (Thuringia)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Rural community of Hörsel
Former Laucha municipal coat of arms
Coordinates: 50 ° 55 ′ 38 ″  N , 10 ° 32 ′ 35 ″  E
Height : 298 m above sea level NN
Area : 6.65 km²
Residents : 549  (Dec. 31, 2014)
Population density : 83 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : December 1, 2011
Postal code : 99880
Area code : 03622
Laucha within the rural community of Hörsel

Laucha is a part of the rural community of Hörsel in the northwest of the Thuringian district of Gotha .


Geographical location

The village is located on the Laucha river of the same name on a flat, south-facing bulge of the Hörsel valley .

Expansion of the area

The total area of ​​the Laucha district is 665 hectares.


The place name Laucha was formed in connection with the name of the water as a derivation from the Old High German louh - leek . Laucha can thus be interpreted as a “place by the stream where leek grows”. The name of the settlement is secondary and has the first form of the name Lawcha . Laucha is mentioned in a document from Emperor Konrad II in 1039 .

At the beginning of the 13th century, Lords of Louchaha are mentioned, who probably first built a simple castle and later served as castle men in the neighboring Tennberg Castle near Waltershausen. Their reputation was bad because they were known as robber barons and chased away by the Thuringian landgrave . The place Laucha belonged at that time to the castle district and later the Tenneberg office . In 1401 the goods were sold to the Reinhardsbrunn monastery , the castle - which later became a palace - passed to the Lords of Teutleben. The residents of Laucha were mostly farmers, the place was conveniently located on a side branch of the Hohe Straße in the Gotha - Eisenach section .

Both the Thirty Years' War and the great fire in the village of 1719 brought great disaster. At the beginning of the 18th century, Friedrich von Hopffgarten , who acquired the estate in 1714, carried out further modifications. The resulting so-called Weiher-Schloss had an unusual design, based on the famous Toppler-Schlösschen in Rothenburg ob der Tauber . The massive stone ground floor over a rectangular floor plan had a Gothic gate and small slit-like windows. Above it rose a half-timbered storey with slug-glass windows , which cantilevered over the ground floor, giving the building a particularly romantic impression. Inside there was a Renaissance fireplace with rich decorations and the year 1589. The castle was uninhabited from the middle of the 19th century. Laucha belonged to the Hopffgarten court in the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha until the patrimonial courts were abolished in the middle of the 19th century .

In 1945, the castle park was largely cleared, and in 1947/48 the castle was demolished. Objections from monument preservationists were unsuccessful. The demolition was carried out on the basis of order 209 of the Soviet occupying power to remove aristocratic seats. A timber-framed farm building, the large pond and the re-grown park are still preserved. The park restaurant now stands on the site of the castle.

On March 18, 1994, Laucha was one of the seven founding communities of the Hörsel administrative community . By order of the Thuringian State Parliament on 16 November 2011, the administrative community Hörsel was dissolved on December 1, 2011, through a voluntary merger of ten previously independent municipalities Aspach , Ebenheim , Fröttstädt , Hörselgau , Laucha, Mechterstädt , Metebach , Teutleben , Trügleben and Weingarten the Rural community of Hörsel will be newly formed.

Population development

Development of the population (December 31st each) :

  • 1994-510
  • 1995 - 520
  • 1996-525
  • 1997-532
  • 1998 - 526
  • 1999 - 547
  • 2000 - 547
  • 2001 - 543
  • 2002 - 547
  • 2003 - 540
  • 2004 - 532
  • 2005 - 536
  • 2006 - 533
  • 2007 - 534
  • 2008 - 531
  • 2009 - 549
  • 2010 - 549
  • 2014 - 549
Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics


Former mayor

In the mayor election on June 13, 1999, Wolf-Hagen Kaufmann was elected honorary mayor of the community. He was confirmed in office in the mayoral elections on June 27, 2004 and June 6, 2010. His term of office began on July 1, 2010. With the conversion to a rural community, he became mayor of the district on December 1, 2011 (with a term of office until 2016).

  • 1994–1999: Heinrich Habbicht ( CDU )
  • 1999–2011: Wolf-Hagen Kaufmann (Laucha Union of the Future [LUZ])

Culture and sights

The church
View to the Riethmühle


  • The St. Kilians Church is located in the center of the village . The building was rebuilt from 1720 after the major fire of 1719 in a simple form as a baroque hall church . It contains only one gallery . Around 1888 the church received an organ from the workshop of the master Hugo Böhm from Gotha, which was restored in 2005 by Orgelbau Waltershausen . 1971–1973 the church was closed by the building authorities due to storm damage and should be removed from the list of historical monuments. It was, however, able to be restored with donations from 1992 and re-consecrated in 1994 as part of a village festival. Inside there is a pulpit altar and a baptismal font from 1722. The groin vault on the ground floor of the tower still reminds of the previous church . The church belongs to the Marienkirche in Mechterstädt and St. Michaelis 's Church in Teutleben the parish Mechterstädt.
  • A stone cross moved from the Riethmühle to the castle park is reminiscent of a murder case.
  • War memorial from the 1920s in front of the church for the 17 Laucha soldiers who fell in World War I, memorial plaque also for those who died in World War II.
  • In the park there is a memorial stone and the so-called Ulfen oak - these are intended to commemorate the fraternization of the men's choir associations of Laucha and Ulfen in 1990.

Natural monuments

In the western part of the village, around a pond, there is the castle park with an excursion restaurant.

Economy and Infrastructure


Immediately to the south of the town, the federal motorway 4 passes the town; the Waltershausen junction is near Laucha .

Several cycle and long-distance hiking trails lead through Laucha, such as the Thuringian chain of cities .


Sons and daughters of the place

Other known residents

  • Martin Gimm (born 1930 in Waltershausen), university professor, was organist in Laucha from around 1945–1949 .

Individual evidence

  1. Place names of the Thuringian country chronicle (Codex Gothanus chart B 180). (PDF; 647 kB) In: Beate Lex, Master's thesis, Friedrich Schiller University, Institute for German Linguistics, Jena 2001. Retrieved on May 23, 2010 .
  2. ^ Paul Lehfeld: «Laucha» . In: Architectural and art monuments of Thuringia. Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha. Landrathsamtsgebiet Waltershausen. Office Tenneberg . Book XI. Publishing house by Gustav Fischer, Jena 1891, p. 36-37 .
  3. Thomas Bienert: A fairytale-like monument forever lost . In the series Damaged and Disappeared Nobility Seats in Thuringia , Thüringer Allgemeine, 2006
  4. Hörselbote - Official Gazette of the Hörsel Administrative Association, 9th year, No. 10/2011  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 869 kB), ed. v. Administrative association "Hörsel", Hörselgau, November 25, 2011, p. 1@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  5. StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2011
  6. Mayoral elections on June 12th, 1994 in Thuringia - final result , Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt; Retrieved December 2, 2011
  7. Mayoral elections on June 13, 1999 in Thuringia - final result , Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt; Retrieved December 2, 2011
  8. Results of the mayoral elections , in: Local elections 2004 in Thuringia: Final results, elections of the mayors ( Memento from February 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 3.3 MB), ed. v. Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt, April 2008
  9. ↑ Mayoral elections on June 6, 2010 in Thuringia - final result , Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt; Retrieved December 2, 2011
  10. Hartmut Ellrich, Theophil Heinke, Karsten Hoerenz: «Laucha» - Between Hörsel and Wilder Gera . In: The churches of the superintendent, Waltershausen-Ohrdrug . Wartburg Verlag, Weimar 2005, ISBN 3-86160-167-2 , p. 58-59 .
  11. Leaflet of the Ev.-luth. Parish office Mechterstädt
  12. ^ Frank Störzner: Stone crosses in Thuringia. District of Erfurt. Catalog . In: Museum for Pre- and Early History of Thuringia (ed.): Weimar Monographs on Pre- and Early History . tape 10 . Printer Progress Erfurt, Weimar 1984, p. 53-54 .


  • Thomas Bienert: «Laucha». Medieval castles in Thuringia . Wartberg Verlag, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2000, ISBN 3-86134-631-1 , p. 79 .
  • Michael Köhler: «Laucha». Thuringian castles and fortified prehistoric and early historical living spaces . Jenzig-Verlag, Jena 2001, ISBN 3-910141-43-9 , p. 170-171 .

Web links

Commons : Laucha  - collection of images, videos and audio files