|Height :||299 (295-305) m|
|Area :||3.99 km²|
|Residents :||431 (December 31, 2014)|
|Population density :||108 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 1, 2011|
|Postal code :||99880|
|Area code :||03622|
Location of Fröttstädt in Hörsel
Fröttstädt lies between Gotha and Eisenach at the foot of the Thuringian Forest . The town is surrounded by the Hörsel -bach in the east , which turns northwest towards Teutleben . In the east, about 2 km away, the Alsberg rises 351 m above sea level. NN. The closest localities are Teutleben in the north, Aspach in the north-west, Hörselgau in the south-east and Laucha in the west.
Fröttstädt was first mentioned in a document as Vrutenstete on August 1, 1267.
The lords of Laucha owned properties in the village . Otto von Laucha sold his property to the Reinhardsbrunn monastery in 1391/95. In 1397, the knight Heinrich von Laucha and his son Hans gave the Counts of Schwarzburg their kemenate and the Siedelhof zu Fröttstädt with all its accessories to fief . This official knight's court came from the Lords of Laucha to the Counts of Gleichen . After the Ritterhof went bankrupt, Duke Johann Casimir von Sachsen-Coburg bought it in 1595 and made it a princely domain .
In addition to the Ritterhof, a chamber estate in Fröttstädt was mentioned in 1565 . Duke Johann Casimir sold the chamber property and the domain in 1613 to the provincial governor Hans Heinrich von Erffa , whose family owned the property until it died out in 1675. After that, both goods fell back to the sovereign, Duke Friedrich I of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg , who in 1678 took over the domain (that is the former estate of the Lords of Gleichen) in exchange for their share in the Erffaischen Gut zu Friedrichswerth to the Lords of Wangenheim resigned.
The lands and subjects were thus divided into two parts in the following period. The princely chamber property was owned by the Lords of Uetterodt between 1662 and 1722 , after which it was redeemed by the princely chamber. The jurisdiction of the chamber property was thus with this, the subjects were under the office of Tenneberg . The domain and its jurisdiction passed from the Lords of Wangenheim to the Lords of Witzleben in 1737 .
Fröttstädt belonged to the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg until 1826 , then to the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha until the end of the monarchy . Between 1918 and 1920 the place belonged to the Free State of Saxony-Gotha and since then to the state of Thuringia .
On March 18, 1994 Fröttstädt was one of the seven founding communities of the Hörsel administrative community . Up to and including November 6, 2003 Fröttstädt was also their seat municipality. By resolution of the Thuringian state parliament on November 16, 2011, the Hörsel administrative community was dissolved on December 1, 2011. Through a voluntary amalgamation of the ten previously independent municipalities of Aspach , Ebenheim , Fröttstädt, Hörselgau , Laucha , Mechterstädt , Metebach , Teutleben , Trügleben and Weingarten , the rural municipality of Hörsel was newly formed at the same time.
Development of the population (December 31st each) :
- Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics
40% of the residents of Fröttstädt are Protestant, only 1% Catholic. Lutherans can use the Erlöserkirche in Fröttstädt, which belongs to the Hörselgau parish in the Waltershausen-Ohrdruf parish of the Evangelical Church in Central Germany . The few Catholics are assigned to the parish of St. Bonifatius (Gotha) in the Diocese of Erfurt , whose nearest branch church is Our Lady of the Holy Rosary in Waltershausen.
- 1994– : Werner Oppermann (independent)
- –2011: Reinhard Lämmerhirt (Volunteer Fire Brigade Fröttstädt)
Culture and sights
- The landmark of the place is the Church of the Redeemer . Construction began with the laying of the foundation stone under the later pulpit on May 31, 1903 under Pastor Traugott Stieler according to plans by Gotha architects and building counselor Alfred Cramer (1872–1938) and was completed on August 13, 1903. The wooden, late Gothic predecessor building “St. Alban ” , which was created in 1500 and changed in the 17th and 18th centuries, had to be closed in 1868 because it was dilapidated. The tower has a height of 31.5 meters. Only the baroque baptismal font from 1692 remains from the previous church. From 1868 to 1902 the people of Fröttstadt collected 250 thalers annually in a church building fund. Substantial subsidies came from various funds, so that in 1902 40,000 marks were available for building a new church. In 1903 the church received a new organ from Hugo Böhm's workshop , which was rebuilt by the same workshop before the Second World War. In 1984, with the support of the partner community Sulz am Eck, the interior of the church was repainted, and in 1988 new stained glass windows were installed behind the altar based on designs by Jutta Hellgrewe from Leipzig . In 1991 and 2003 the church was extensively renovated. In 1994 she received a new bell, also with the help of the partner community. The dark oak ceiling and the Böhm organ are still preserved from the time it was built. The parish belongs to the Hörselgau parish.
- The Fröttstädt domain belongs to the ducal chamber estate from the 17th century. The roots of the building, however, go back further: roof tiles from 1730, pieces of plaster from 1610, a cellar vault from around 1300. The domain was first mentioned in 1397 as the property of the Lords of Gleichen . In the years up to 1738, the estate changed hands several times. The high round arched gate, in the lintel with a coat of arms and a Saxon diamond, as well as the two-story half-timbered house and a stable house with servants' chambers have remained from the original four-sided system. The earlier buildings were probably destroyed in the almost complete pillage of Fröttstadt in the Thirty Years' War (1638/40). Parts of the front building were inhabited until 1990. There is currently a farm for Icelandic horses here . The property is a protected cultural monument.
- The village community center forms the cultural center of the place.
- The place opens up to a wider audience through the Thuringia Ultra , which has been held annually on the first weekend in July since 2007 , a landscape run over 100 km through the Thuringian Forest with start and finish in Fröttstädt.
- Voluntary fire brigade : The first fire brigade in the village is noted in the files for 1724, and it had a syringe at that time. The fire stations were set up according to the village's assets (3 fire ladders, 3 lace hooks, 8 leather fire buckets, 3 hand syringes). In 1741 an invoice certifies a " ladder house " in which the long fire brigade ladders were kept in a publicly accessible place, and in 1753 compensation (6 groschen) for 6 people who helped in a fire in Lein.
Economy and Infrastructure
The Fröttstädt station is on the Halle – Bebra railway line , which runs on the outskirts of the town. The route to Friedrichroda to the recreational areas of the Thuringian Forest begins in Fröttstädt . The obvious Ast Waltershausen the A4 is on the Hessenweg to achieve that starts near the railway station in just over 2 km away. The district road K 13 connects the place via Hörselgau with Waltershausen and with Teutleben.
- Johann Heinrich Möller (born February 14, 1792 in Fröttstädt; † March 12, 1867 in Gotha ), orientalist, historian and geographer
- Website of the Voluntary Fire Brigade Fröttstädt e. V.
- Municipality of Fröttstädt on the side of the municipality of Hörsel
- Thuringian State Office for Statistics
- KH lamp: Vrutenstete . In: the same (ed.): Document book of the Deutschordensballei Thuringia . tape 1 . Fischer, Jena 1936, No. 206 .
- Ellrich / Heinke / Hoerenz: Between Hörsel and Wilder Gera. Wartburg Verlag Weimar 2005, ISBN 3-86160-167-2 .
- Description of Fröttstädt in the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha: Johann Georg August Galetti: History and description of the Duchy of Gotha. Ettinger, 1780, p. 202. limited preview in Google book search
- Hörselbote - Official Gazette of the Hörsel Administrative Association, 9th year, No. 10/2011 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 869 kB), ed. v. Administrative association "Hörsel", Hörselgau, November 25, 2011, p. 1
- StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2011
- 2011 census
- elections on June 12, 1994 in Thuringia - final result , Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt; Retrieved December 2, 2011
- elections on June 13, 1999 in Thuringia - final result , Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt; Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Results of the mayoral elections , in: Local elections 2004 in Thuringia: Final results, elections of the mayors ( Memento from February 21, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 3.3 MB), ed. v. Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt, April 2008.
- elections on June 6, 2010 in Thuringia - final result , Thuringian State Office for Statistics, Erfurt; Retrieved December 2, 2011.
- Voluntary Fire Brigade Fröttstädt / Thür. Volunteer Fire Brigade Fröttstädt, accessed on November 18, 2018 .
- Thuringia ULTRA. In: thueringenultra.de. July 4, 2015, accessed January 2, 2015 .
- Albert Schumann: Möller, Johann Heinrich . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 22, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1885, pp. 147-149.