|place||New York City , New York , USA|
|president||George Campbell Jr.|
|Students||870 (undergraduate), 73 (graduate)|
|Foundation assets||$ 600 million|
The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art also The Cooper Union is a privately operated college in Lower Manhattan , New York City . The Cooper Union is located in the East Village , between Cooper Square and Astor Place (corner of 3rd Avenue and 6th Street / 9th Street). It is one of the few higher education institutions in the United States that allows all students to study free of charge. The Cooper Union offers courses in architecture , the arts and engineering .
Due to a strict selection process, only ten to twelve percent of annual applicants are accepted as students. The school is largely financed by donations from sponsors. Some of the most important figures in American science, architecture, and the arts have been and are Cooper Union alumni, including Herb Lubalin , Alex Katz , Daniel Libeskind, and Milton Glaser .
The Cooper Union was founded in 1859 by the industrialist and inventor Peter Cooper . During the construction of the building, iron T-beams from Trenton Iron Works were used for the first time , as well as shafts for an elevator from Otis and heating and sanitary facilities. In 1859 it was the tallest and most modern, and with its 900 seats in the Great Hall, it was also the largest building in New York. Cooper, who had not received a regular education, made it his business to create educational opportunities for poorer sections of the population. The Cooper Union began as an adult education institute , an evening school for applied sciences and technical drawing, and a day school for women with courses in photography , telegraphy , typewriter, and shorthand . Discrimination based on race, religion or gender was expressly prohibited.
On February 27, 1860, the school's Great Hall was the site of a historic speech. Abraham Lincoln , a then relatively unknown lawyer from Illinois , sharply attacked the not yet nominated presidential candidate Stephen A. Douglas in front of 1,500 listeners on the question of how to curb the spread of slavery through the exercise of federal power. The speech was widely circulated in pamphlet form and boosted Lincoln's popularity, so that he received invitations to numerous other speeches on his subsequent trip to New England.
In the 1870s, when Indians were still largely viewed as "savages" and enemies, Cooper invited chiefs such as " Red Cloud " of the Lakota Sioux and "Little Raven", chief of the Arapaho , to lectures in the Great Hall. Cooper was also interested in women's rights, so he opened the door to Susan B. Anthony , Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Victoria Woodhull, but also to the leader of the labor movement, Samuel Gompers . The Great Hall was also the birthplace of the American Red Cross and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909 .
Since then, the auditorium has served as the venue for many historic speeches by Presidents Grant , Cleveland , Taft , Theodore Roosevelt , Woodrow Wilson and Bill Clinton , who gave his keynote address on May 12, 1993, on plans to reduce the budget deficit, as well as lastly Barack Obama .
In the 1970s, the interior was renovated by John Hejduk, former Dean of Cooper Union's Irwin S. Chanin School of Architecture.
Today the Cooper Union is a listed building. In July 1961, the structure was designated a National Historic Landmark . The city of New York classified it as a "New York City Landmark". The building accommodates classrooms, studios, the main library and the Arthur A. Houghton Jr Gallery.
On the Cooper Union campus, the New Academic Building (NAB) designed by architect Thom Mayne from Morphosis office was inaugurated at 41 Cooper Square in 2009, which was certified as a leading building for environmentally compatible building with the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) .
With the construction, the college took over financially and had to charge tuition fees in 2014 for the first time since its foundation.
- The School of Art
- The Albert Nerken School of Engineering
- The Irwin S. Chanin School of Architecture
- The Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
- The CV Starr Research Foundation at The Cooper Union
- Mark Adler , mathematician
- Shigeru Ban , architect
- Donald Baechler , artist
- Emil Berliner , inventor of the gramophone
- Miriam Cooper , actress
- Thomas Alva Edison , inventor
- Audrey Flack , painter and sculptor
- Max Fleischer , cartoonist and animation film producer
- Milton Glaser , graphic designer and illustrator
- John Hejduk , American architect
- Eva Hesse , artist
- Russell Hulse , physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics 1993
- Bob Kane , Batman comic artist
- Lee Krasner , painter
- Daniel Libeskind , architect
- Herb Lubalin , graphic designer
- Ellen Lupton , graphic designer
- Jürgen Mayer H. , architect
- Mike Mills , director
- Augustus Saint-Gaudens , sculptor
- Augusta Christine Savage , sculptor
- George Segal , artist
- Emil Siebern , sculptor
- Philip Taaffe , painter
- Tom Wesselmann , painter, graphic artist and object artist
- Joel-Peter Witkin , photographer
- Cooper Union Homepage (English)
- US News College Compass - College Rankings
- History of Cooper Union
- Facts About Cooper Union
- Cooper Union Address
- Listing of National Historic Landmarks by State: New York. National Park Service , accessed August 19, 2019.
- Felix Salmon: The tragedy of Cooper Union. In: Reuters . April 29, 2013, accessed November 13, 2016 .