Eva Hesse (artist)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Eva Hesse (born January 11, 1936 in Hamburg ; † May 29, 1970 in New York ) was a German- American artist . She is considered a representative of process art and Arte Povera . Her life story, her extraordinary success in the short time of her work and her early death made her a myth.


Eva Hesse was born in 1936 in Hamburg's Isestraße as the daughter of the Jewish lawyer Wilhelm Hesse and his wife Ruth Marcus Hesse.

Eva Hesse's birthplace and memorial plaque in Isestrasse in Hamburg

Wilhelm Hesse could since the seizure of power of the Nazis in 1933 his profession no longer work and engaged in the community the synagogue on Bornplatz . At the age of two, Eva Hesse and her older sister Helen were sent to Holland by their parents on a children's transport at the end of 1938 . There the siblings were housed in a Catholic children's home in Rijswijk. In 1939 the family emigrated to the USA and settled in New York.

The parents divorced in the spring of 1945, in the same year Wilhelm Hesse married Eva Nathanson and received custody of both daughters. Her mother committed suicide in 1946, shortly before Eva Hesse was ten years old.

Following a scholarship, Eva Hesse studied painting at the Cooper Union in New York and at the Yale School of Art and Architecture , among others with Josef Albers . At the beginning of the 1960s, her work received impulses from the objects by Marcel Duchamp .

In 1961 Eva Hesse married the sculptor Tom Doyle. In 1964/1965 she and her husband spent a year with the collectors Friedrich Arnhard Scheidt in Kettwig an der Ruhr , where they moved into a spacious studio in Scheidt's cloth factory. This is where the first three-dimensional works were created. After returning to New York, she turned to sculpture, working with the unusual, decomposing materials natural rubber , fiberglass and polyester , for which her work is known.

Eva Hesse died of a brain tumor in New York on May 29, 1970 at the age of 34 .

The film set designer Marcie Begleiter took on the German-American artist in her directorial debut and created a film documentary by Eva Hesse , which was presented for the first time in Germany in April 2016.

“(Again) in Germany (1964), Hesse also began to deal with her role as a woman in art - and after returning from New York, she stepped out of the shadow of her husband, along with a divorce. She devoted herself to the feminist theories of the 60s and that key to her work: Samuel Beckett . Of waiting for Godot , she said: "It's really a key - the key to understanding me. Few understand and see that my humor comes from, yes, my artistic approach."

- Engelmann in "Dschungel", p. 7

Eva-Hesse-Strasse in Cologne-Lövenich is named after her.




Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Biography Eva Hesse ( memento from January 19, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) in a contribution from the Hamburger Kunsthalle
  2. So beautiful, so truthful: the documentary "Eva Hesse" In: Der Westen. April 26, 2016
  3. Marcus Woeller: Marcie companion "Eva Hesse"