Mrinal Sen ( Bengali মৃণাল সেন Mṛṇāl Sen ; born May 14, 1923 in Faridpur , Bengal Province ; † December 30, 2018 in Calcutta ) was an Indian film director . He made his films mostly in Bengali , but also in Hindi , Oriya and Telugu . Sen was one of the most renowned Indian filmmakers .
life and work
Sen grew up in the eastern part of Bengal . After finishing school, Sen studied physics at Scottish Church College in Kolkata . There he came into contact with culturally interested circles of the Communist Party ( CPI ), but without becoming an active party member. After completing his studies, he took various jobs and ended up working as a technician in a film studio in Kolkata.
In 1955 he made his first film, and after only two more he was internationally known in 1960. It took another ten years and five films before he was recognized as a great filmmaker. His 1969 film Bhuvan Shome marked the beginning of a new political film movement in India. The left-idealist Sen then concentrated on social and political problems in his homeland and documented these in his Kolkata trilogy Interview (1970), Kolkata 71 (1972) and Padatik (1973).
His most artistically creative phase began in 1979 with Ek Din Pratidin . This, the one with the Silver Bear (Special Jury Prize) at the Berlinale 1981 excellent Akaler Sandhaney (1980) and especially the 1982 resulting film Kharij including a Special Jury Prize at the Film Festival in Cannes in 1983 got, deal with daily life from middle class families in Kolkata. As a result, some films were made in Hindi. 1986/87 Sen made a television series of 40-minute short films under the title Kabhi Door Kabhi Paas . In 1991 Mahaprithivi appeared ; the film dealt with German reunification . After a long break, his last film, Amar bhuvan , was released in 2003 .
Next to Shyam Benegal and the late Satyajit Ray and Ritwik Ghatak, Mrinal Sen was the most famous Indian auteur filmmaker outside of Bollywood . He has received several international film awards and has been a member of the jury at numerous film festivals, including Cannes ( 1982 ), Venice ( 1996 ) and Berlin ( 1982 ). He was awarded the highest Indian award for filmmakers, the Dadasaheb Phalke Award , and was Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres . From 1998 to 2003 he was an honorary member of the Indian Parliament ( Rajya Sabha ). In 2017 he was accepted into the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), which awards the Oscars every year.
Films about Mrinal Sen
- 1984: Ten Days in Calcutta - A Portrait of Mrinal Sen by Reinhard Hauff
- 1989: With Mrinal Sen by Sanjay Bhattacharya and Rahul Bose
- 1999: Portrait of a Filmmaker by Romesh Sharma
- John W. Hood: Chasing the Truth: The Films of Mrinal Sen [Paperback], Seagull Books , Calcutta 1993, ISBN 81-70461138 .
- The Enemy Within: The Films of Mrinal Sen (Cinema Voices), ed. by Sumita S. Chakravarty, Flicks Books 1999, ISBN 094891145X .
- Shoma Chatterji : Mrinal Sen: The Survivor , Rupa & Co, 2005, ISBN 81-2910198X .
- Dipankar Mukhopadhyay: Mrinal Sen: Sixty Years in Search of Cinema , HarperCollins India, 2009, ISBN 81-72238355 .
- Mrinal Sen's website
- Indian Cinema Database: Mrinal Sen. In: chaosmag. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007 .
- Mrinal Sen in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Ratnottama Sengupta: Mrinal Sen took risks to achieve cult status. In: The Times of India . May 12, 2013 (English).
- Mrinal Sen turns 90, says that he hasn't yet retired. In: The Hindu . May 14, 2013(English).
- Bengali filmmaker Mrinal Sen dies at 95. In: ZeeNews . December 30, 2018, accessed December 30, 2018 .
- Class of 2017. In: Oscars.org. Retrieved December 30, 2018 .
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Indian film director|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 14, 1923|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Faridpur , East Bengal , today Bangladesh|
|DATE OF DEATH||December 30, 2018|
|Place of death||Calcutta|