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Branch Information technology
Place of issue Hanover Exhibition Center
First exhibition 1986
Last exhibition
date June 11, 2018 to
June 15, 2018
Place of issue Hanover Exhibition Center
Visitors 120,000
Exhibitors 2,800
Exhibition grounds, in the foreground the “CeBIT” hall 1
Exhibition center at CeBIT in Hanover (2005)
During the CeBIT, the Telemax was illuminated in the Telekom company color

The Cebit ( acronym for Ce ntre for B üroautomation, I nformationstechnologie and T elecommunications , originally Ce ntre the B üro- and I nformation T echnology ; own spelling CEBIT until 2017 CeBIT ) was one of the world's largest trade fairs for information technology and took place from 1986 to 2018 held annually at the Hanover Exhibition Center . Deutsche Messe AG was the organizer of CeBIT .


Cebit Hall 18 (April 17, 1983)
Cebit logo until 2017

The Hanover Fair , held since 1947, had been home to the “office industry” area since 1950, which by 1959 had moved up to third place among all the exhibiting branches of industry in terms of the number of exhibitors.

In 1969/70 the architect Ernst Friedrich Brockmann built Hall 1 Cebit - "Center for Office and Information Technology", which was inaugurated in 1970. This newly built hall in the northeast of the exhibition grounds was included in the Guinness Book of Records in 1984 as the "world's largest exhibition hall" . Until 2007 it offered:

  • a garage in the basement with parking spaces for around 2,000 exhibitors,
  • on the exhibition level a gross exhibition area of ​​70,300 square meters and
  • 750 small prefabricated houses, also called door elements, on the roof level.

The largest exhibitor in the Cebit hall in 1970 was Olympiawerke from Wilhelmshaven , the market leader in the 1970s. The highlight was the launch of the Olympia Multiplex 80 data acquisition machine . The space in Hall 1 was quickly exhausted. That is why Deutsche Messe AG also made Halls 2 and 18 available to IT exhibitors at the end of the 1970s and Hall 3 at the beginning of the 1980s, but these measures soon proved to be inadequate. In November 1984, Deutsche Messe AG announced that it would organize a “Hanover Fair CeBIT” in March and a “Hanover Fair Industry” four weeks later in April.


On March 12, 1986 the first CeBIT was opened as an independent trade fair. Despite some skeptical voices, it was a success with 2,142 exhibitors and 334,400 visitors. The successful record was primarily due to the efforts of Jörg Schomburg . It was overshadowed by the death of the computer pioneer Heinz Nixdorf on the exhibition grounds on March 17th. Over the years, the number of visitors has increased, particularly due to the influx of private audiences. Most of the visitors came in 1995 and 2001. According to press reports, there were increasing complaints from exhibitors about theft, but most of this was blamed on private visitors. This phenomenon also contributed to the fact that from 2014 the fair was only open to trade visitors.

Since 1999, similar exhibitions have also been held in other countries under the brand name CEBIT by Deutsche Messe AG under the name German Trade Show, Inc .:

The years up to 1999

  • 1994: The Israeli-Swiss company Vocaltech first demonstrated Voice-over-IP telephony with "free calls to Africa". Bill Gates announced Microsoft's next operating system for the following year (1995).
  • 1995: Bill Gates presented Windows 95 , the trade fair reached its first record with 755,000 visitors.
  • In 1998 670,000 visitors came to the fair.
  • 1999: 7412 exhibitors presented their developments in the areas of information and communication technology. 698,000 visitors came. AOL announces an Internet flat rate for Germany. Intel reached the 800 MHz mark with the new Pentium III processor. The first MP3 players and digital cameras with a resolution of two megapixels were introduced. The Millennium Bug threatened many older systems.


This year, 7515 companies exhibited and the German premiere of Windows 2000 took place. The security issues of the wireless world became increasingly important.

Hall 10 in the south of the exhibition center is also being used for the first time. There is a new online service from Deutsche Messe AG: companies can have their press conferences broadcast live on the Internet.


There was a new visitor record: 830,000 visitors. E-commerce became more and more important, the new PCs have 1 GHz processors. Cell phones and PDAs are becoming internet-enabled. Broadband is used, GPRS ( General Packet Radio Service ) and UMTS ( Universal Mobile Telecommunications System ) are the most important innovations. Multipurpose devices were shown, which in addition to digital TV also offer Internet access.


This year's CeBIT was characterized by the fact that, as a result of the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, many US companies and visitors did not come.


In 2003, 6,500 companies from around 60 countries came to exhibit on an area of ​​360,000 m² in 27 halls. From March 12 to 19, 2003, 560,000 visitors came, 17 percent fewer than in the previous year, but the number of business deals was still 10 percent higher than in the previous year.

The main focus was on news about the upcoming UMTS handheld generation, mobility and broadband communication . Another topic was the voice control , whereby the washing machine “Hermione” made a name for itself. IT security was also an important focus this year, as was the area of open source . In addition to the new distribution versions Knoppix 3.2 and SuSE Linux 8.2, many solutions for the use of free software in private and business areas were presented in the Linuxpark.

"Cebit Oscar 2003"
"Cebit brake 2003"

" 1. TCPA for trying to get control of all PCs"


Exhibition hall 2

In 2004 around 6100 exhibitors from 64 countries presented themselves and their products. The main topics were wireless LAN , home networking , cell phones and UMTS as well as digital cameras .

According to the exhibition company, expectations in 2004 were exceeded. On the seven days of the fair, 510,000 visitors came to Hanover, 10,000 more than expected. Although the total number of visitors has decreased again compared to the previous year, the number of visitors per day has increased due to the shortening of one day.


Cebit 2005 from March 10th to 16th, 2005 had 6270 exhibitors, an increase over the previous year and around 480,000 visitors, 29% of them from abroad. One of the main topics was Voice Over IP (Internet telephony).


The 21st CeBIT took place from Thursday, March 9th to Wednesday, March 15th, 2006 and had around 450,000 visitors, including around 128,000 foreign trade visitors. A particular highlight this year was the final round of the Roboking competition, which took place in Hall 27 . Special innovations were the origami computer and the new Windows Vista operating system . The focus was on HDTV , RFID and UMTS . On the occasion of the 20th anniversary, some exhibitors showed devices from 1986 in Hall 1 in order to make the progress of the development clear.

6300 exhibitors (3300 from abroad from 70 countries, 1700 from the Asia-Pacific region), 300,000 m². Supporting program with around 30 special presentations and 800 lectures. 50 specialist computer and electronics publishers, service providers from the e-publishing sector, IT solutions. ( Börsenblatt -Online, February 7, 2006)

At the “Digital Living” special show, “Lifestyle” consumer electronics products were to be presented by around 100 participants. The Digital Living is also a short-term reaction of the fair in Hanover to the decision of the fair Berlin in November 2005 to hold the international radio exhibition (IFA) no longer just every two years, but every year. The new show in Hanover was housed in its own hall (Hall 27), which private visitors could access for ten euros via a separate entrance. Admission was free with the Cebit ticket.


Notice pillar at the east entrance during Cebit 2004

The Cebit Hanover took place from March 15 to 21, 2007 and had approx. 480,000 visitors. A total of 6,059 exhibitors from 77 countries were represented. Of the exhibitors, 2,748 came from Germany and 3,311 from abroad (largest number of foreign exhibitors: Taiwan : 602). The domestic exhibitors took up an exhibition space of 170,509 m², the foreign ones 86,042 m² (a total of 256,551 m²). The partner country was Russia . One of the main topics was the mobile internet. In addition, there was great interest in navigation solutions using GPS .


The Cebit 2008 took place from March 4th to 9th, 2008 (Tuesday to Sunday) and had approx. 495,000 visitors. A total of 5,845 exhibitors from 77 countries were represented. One of the main topics was Green IT ; The attempt to attract female visitors to the site on International Women's Day was also successful . The partner country was France . Hall 1 was closed for the first time in 2008 as the nucleus of Cebit.


Hall 13 during Cebit 2009

In 2009 the 24th Cebit took place from March 3rd to 8th (Tuesday to Sunday). The number of exhibitors decreased by around 1500 to around 4300. Nevertheless, 69 countries were represented. With 400,000 visitors, the number of visitors fell by around 20 percent compared to the previous year. The US state of California served as the “partner country” this year . On this occasion, the governor Arnold Schwarzenegger visited Hanover. The topics of webciety and green IT were a particular focus .


IBM as of 2010

From March 2nd to 6th, Cebit 2010 opened its doors to visitors after it was opened by Chancellor Angela Merkel the day before . This Cebit had the motto “Connected Worlds” (English for “Networked Worlds”). Due to the financial crisis since 2007 , fewer exhibitors were represented at the fair than in the previous year. The partner country at this year's CeBIT was Spain . The focus was on 3D technology, compact projectors , green IT , long-term evolution and smartphones . With 334,000 visitors, the number of visitors increased only slightly compared to the previous year in a five-day comparison. In 2010 the Cebit was shortened by one day. In 2010 there were 334,000 visitors on five days (Tue – Sat), in 2009 322,000 came on five days (Tue – Sat), and by Sunday evening over 400,000. At the end of the computer fair in 2010, several environmental associations criticized the fact that energy efficiency was again being neglected in the development of IT products and that IT products were still not provided with an understandable label on energy consumption .


The fair was opened on February 28th by Angela Merkel and the Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan . It was open to visitors from March 1st to 5th. This year the partner country was Turkey . The main topic of Cebit 2011 was cloud computing : "Work and Life with the Cloud". A total of 339,000 people from 90 countries visited Cebit 2011. That was 5,000 more visitors than last year. In 2010, the number of visitors to the computer fair fell to an all-time low of 334,000. Only the first Cebit in 1986 also had 334,000 visitors.

Opening of the Cebit 2012 by Chancellor Angela Merkel (left) at the booth of Brazil, next to the Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff


The Cebit 2012 took place from March 6th to 10th. This year the partner country was Brazil , the main theme was “Managing Trust”. For the first time in years, the number of exhibitors increased to over 4,200 this year. Eleven days before the start of the fair, the organizer closed Hall 9, which was supposed to house the Cebit lab area, due to safety deficiencies in the hall construction. The exhibitors had to move to Hall 26. For the first time, providers focused on e-commerce were bundled in one hall. 312,000 visitors came. This was less than ever.

On March 8, the organizers called for car pools to be formed to the fair. Due to a strike, public transport in Hanover was severely restricted. Following the example of the Red Dot campaign , drivers should be encouraged to take visitors to the fair with them.


Cebit 2013 took place from March 5th to 9th, 2013, the partner country was Poland.

The main theme was "Shareconomy". With this guiding theme, Cebit focused on the sharing and common use of knowledge, resources and experience. There was a further drop in visitors by 12% to 280,000.


Jimmy Wales 2014 as speaker at the Cebit Global Conferences on Wikipedia Zero

The Cebit 2014 took place from March 10th to 14th, 2014 under the motto Datability . The made-up word is made up of the industry trend big data and its sustainable and responsible use (English: ability, sustainability, responsibility). This motto had a certain political explosiveness, as Deutsche Messe AG had named Great Britain as the partner country of CeBIT 2014: Because of the scandals of the American and British secret services NSA and GCHQ uncovered by Edward Snowden, debates about the handling of data volumes and an increasing number of visitors were at the CeBIT expected. At the beginning of June 2013, Deutsche Messe announced that Cebit 2014 was aimed exclusively at companies and no longer at private users. In addition to an increase in admission prices, the focus on trade visitors pushed the event period to Monday to Friday instead of Tuesday to Saturday. Cebit 2014 had 210,000 visitors.


The German Telekom demonstrated at Cebit 2015 synchronously moving robotic arms with umbrellas. This should draw attention to the Internet of Things .

The Cebit 2015 took place from March 16 to 20, 2015 under the motto D! Conomy . The made-up word for the motto was made up of “digital” and “economy”; the i was replaced by an exclamation mark, which is like an i turned upside down . This notation should underline both the revolutionary and the inviting character of the motto. The subtitle was “The fourth industrial revolution that will produce radical innovations and disruptive business models.” The motto of Cebit 2015 emphasized the further changes that IT and digitization will have on the economy and society. The trade fair recorded 221,000 visitors, an increase of 6 percent, as well as 3,300 exhibitors from 70 countries. The partner country was the People's Republic of China .


The Cebit 2016 took place with 3,300 exhibitors and a good 200,000 visitors from March 14th to 18th under the motto "Global Event for Digital Business". Cebit wanted to highlight the global component and underline its status as a business fair. The partner country was Switzerland .


The Cebit 2017 took place from March 20 to 24 under the motto “d! Conomy - no limits”. Once again, around 200,000 visitors were reported, the number of exhibitors fell by around 10% to 3,007. The partner country was Japan .


Cebit 2018 took place from June 11th to 15th, and for the first time in early summer instead of (as traditionally) in March. The spelling of the fair has been changed from CeBIT to CEBIT . It began with a pure press day on Monday and ended with an audience day on Friday. In addition, the fair was given an "event character". For example, concerts accompanied the event. With 120,000 visitors, significantly fewer guests were received than in the previous year; in 2017 there were still around 200,000 visitors. In addition, the number of exhibitors fell slightly from over 3,000 to around 2,800. This was due to the fact that Computex , which took place in Taiwan at the beginning of June, led to the absence of some exhibitors from Asia.

Setting of the Cebit

Development of visitor numbers at Cebit

Due to declining exhibitor and visitor numbers, Deutsche Messe AG announced on November 28, 2018 that it would be discontinuing CeBIT. In particular, the number of visitors had declined almost continuously since 2000 and in 2013 fell below the level of 1986. The Cebit 2019 planned for June 24-28, 2019 was then canceled. The Cebit Russia planned for March 2019 in the Skolkowo innovation center near Moscow was initially postponed to June 2019 and finally canceled.

Cebit Home

Cebit Home was a spin-off from Cebit specializing in products for home users. It only took place twice, in 1996 and 1998, each in autumn in Hanover. Due to the Expo 2000 it was supposed to be relocated to Leipzig in 2000 , but was canceled due to a lack of exhibitor interest.

Cebit Global Conferences

Since 1992, CeBIT has been accompanied by a conference program, originally called "Company Lectures". Since 2008 it has been known as “Cebit Global Conferences”. On five days, the Cebit Global Conferences gave an overview of the most important core markets of the digital world parallel to Cebit. In selected keynotes , talks and panels, speakers from industry and politics from all over the world discussed current trends, innovations and the effects on work and society on three stages. The organizer was Deutsche Messe AG . The business association BITKOM has been the patron of the conference since 2009 . In 2014, the Cebit Global Conferences had 3000 visitors, 70 hours of conference program and 140 speakers. The conference was aimed at CxOs , executives, experts and lateral thinkers. Conference languages ​​were English and German. Among the speakers were, for example, Steve Wozniak , Jimmy Wales , Jewgeni Kasperski , Mark Shuttleworth , Neelie Kroes , Dean Douglas , Cristina Riesen and Mikko Hypponen in 2014 .

Social Business Arena @ Cebit

The motto of the 2015 Social Business Arena was “Social as a trailblazer for digital transformation”. In the picture a discussion on the question "Quo vadis Social Collaboration?"

In 2014, the Social Business Arena was held as a public specialist conference for the first time. In the social business arena, the focus is less on providers and their products. Rather, it is intended to discuss and bring closer to specific and important aspects of the providers and users of social business collaboration or social software through a broad framework program . The Social Business Arena did not take place during the whole week of Cebit.

Cebit special programs

At CeBIT, NDR 1 Niedersachsen broadcasted detailed information about the trade fair on the frequency 90.9 MHz daily between 8:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m. (Friday until 5:00 p.m., Saturday and Sunday until 5:30 p.m.) under the title trade fair journal . The permanently installed exhibition studio of the NDR on the northwest side of Hall 17 was used for this purpose. The television station also reported on CeBIT in daily programs.

In addition, for several years, O₂ at CeBIT broadcast the FM O 2 107.4 radio on the frequency 107.4 MHz from Telemax . Every day during the fair, 24 hours a day, reports were mainly about Cebit, and a varied mix of music, entertainment, news and business topics was broadcast. Because of the high transmission location, the reception reached as far as the Harz Mountains , but radio Lippe , which also broadcasts on 107.4 MHz, interfered there .

See also


  • Dieter Tasch: Forty years of the future. Hanover Fair from 1947 to 1987 , Madsack, Hanover 1987, p. 80ff.
  • Dieter Tasch: 50 Years of the Future: Trade Fairs in Hanover 1947–1997 , ed. by Deutsche Messe AG, Verlag Grütter, Hannover 1997, ISBN 3-9801063-9-X , p. 80 ff.

Web links

Commons : CEBIT  - album with pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b
  2. Hanover between Hermes arrogance and fear of the big trade fair crash - Computer Week - April 1, 1988
  3. Helmut Knocke : Brockmann, Ernst. In: Dirk Böttcher , Klaus Mlynek, Waldemar R. Röhrbein, Hugo Thielen: Hannoversches Biographisches Lexikon . From the beginning to the present. Schlütersche, Hannover 2002, ISBN 3-87706-706-9 p. 73 and others .
  4. no longer accessible at Cebit since 2008, see section "Cebit 2008"
  5. Many of the very small hexagonal houses, which have always been grouped together, have been demolished over the years and only partially replaced by larger new buildings. This can be clearly seen in the picture: large gaps and next to the staircases (small white boxes) several large cuboid structures.
  8. ^ Techbrief - Cebit To New York . March 19, 2002. Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  9. CeBit America 2005 canceled - CNET News . Retrieved December 17, 2011.
  10. BITS Mexico, powered by CeBIT
  11. CeBIT 1998: The computer fair of great promises. In: heise online .
  12. Speech Experts GmbH press archive
  13. CeBIT 2009 with 20% fewer visitors - ( Memento from March 16, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  14. CeBIT - CeBIT ( Memento from March 3, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  15. Birke Resch: No progress in the energy efficiency of IT products at CeBIT . YaaCool-Bio. April 21, 2010. Retrieved May 2, 2010.
  16. Merkel gives the go-ahead on on February 28, 2011, accessed on March 4, 2011
  17. CeBIT 2011 closes with increased visitors - ndr-Regional ( Memento from March 17th, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  18. CeBIT: Brazil as partner country 2012. In: October 7, 2011, accessed October 8, 2011.
  19. Messe AG closes CeBIT Hall 9 ,
  20. Cebit becomes interesting for the e-commerce sector - independent assessment by a well-known industry expert.
  21. Organizer satisfied with Cebit 2012 ( Memento from February 2, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
  22. The next CeBIT will lead the “Big Data” debate. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung . August 28, 2013. Retrieved September 16, 2013 .
  23. Great Britain is the partner country of CeBIT 2014. In: heise online . September 11, 2013, accessed September 16, 2013 .
  24. Computer fair Cebit locks consumers out in 2014. In: The world . June 5, 2013, accessed June 14, 2013 .
  25. ^ Benjamin Schischka: CeBIT closed for private visitors with immediate effect. In: PC world. June 5, 2013, accessed November 30, 2018 .
  26. Thomas Cloer: Frese evaluates the restart as "fully successful" In: Computerwoche. March 14, 2014.
  27. “d! Conomy”: CeBIT addresses social upheavals caused by IT. In: heise online . 15th September 2014.
  28. CeBIT website
  29. "d! Conomy" is the motto of the CeBIT 2015 interview with CeBIT boss Oliver Frese. In: computerwoche from September 15, 2014.
  30. CeBIT - The digital transformation - CeBIT ( Memento from October 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  31. After work on the exhibition grounds: “The best CeBIT ever” closes its doors. In: heise online . Retrieved March 25, 2016 .
  32. ↑ The fair draws a positive conclusion for the last old CeBIT. In: heise online from March 24, 2017, accessed on April 29, 2017.
  35. Platform for digital innovation and technology festival on 5 days - CeBIT ( Memento from March 23, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
  36. Matthias Kremp: The fair that would like to be more. In: Spiegel Online. June 12, 2018, accessed June 13, 2018 .
  38. Cebit in Hanover will be discontinued - 2019 exhibition canceled Hannoversche Allgemeine Zeitung, November 28, 2018
  39. Off for IT fair: Cebit is being discontinued | - Nachrichten - Lower Saxony - Hanover / Weser-Leinegebiet November 28, 2018
  40. CEBIT Russia: CEBIT Russia 19-21 Mar 2019. November 28, 2018, accessed on November 28, 2018 (English).

Coordinates: 52 ° 19 ′ 37 ″  N , 9 ° 48 ′ 33 ″  E