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Kroonstad (South Africa)
Coordinates 27 ° 39 ′  S , 27 ° 14 ′  E Coordinates: 27 ° 39 ′  S , 27 ° 14 ′  E
Basic data
Country South Africa


free State
District Fezile Dabi
local community Moqhaka
height 1369 m
Residents 97,780 (2011)
founding 1855
Kroonstad Town Hall
Kroonstad Town Hall

Kroonstad [ krʊənstat ] is a town in Moqhaka Municipality , Fezile Dabi District , Free State Province in South Africa . It had 24,723 inhabitants in 2011 (census), the neighboring township of Maokeng had 73,057 inhabitants. Kroonstad is 1,369 meters above sea level. Kroonstad is located 200 kilometers west of Johannesburg and northeast of Bloemfontein on the banks of the River Vaal .

The city is named after a horse named Kroon (German: "Krone") that crashed in a nearby river and broke a leg. The river Kroonspruit ("Kronenstrom") was named as a memory of this horse. This name was adopted when the city was founded. The community name Moqhaka is the Sesotho word for crown.

Kroonstad is an agricultural and administrative center with modern shops, theaters and the Sarel Cilliers Museum.


The city was founded in 1855 by Voortrekkern . From March 14 to May 11, 1900, it was also the capital of the Orange Free State , until Bloemfontein replaced Kroonstad.

On January 4, 2018, the Kroonstad railway accident occurred south of the city .

Daughters and sons of the city

Web links

Commons : Kroonstad  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Kroonstad , accessed July 7, 2017
  2. Maokeng , accessed July 7, 2017
  3. Data at ( memento of the original from September 24, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (English) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. ↑ Meaning of the name municipalities