Nadia Murad Basee Taha ( Arabic نادية مراد باسي طه; * 1993 in Kocho , Sinjar , Iraq ) is a survivor of the IS perpetrated genocide against the Yazidis in 2014, Iraq ( Yezidi ) human rights activist and since September 2016, the first Goodwill Ambassador for the dignity of the survivors of human trafficking to the United Nations ( UNODC ). On December 10, 2018, she and Denis Mukwege received the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo . She is the only Iraqi woman and Yezidi woman to have received a Nobel Peace Prize.
In a raid on her village Kocho (in Sinjar , Iraq ) by members of a terrorist acting Islamic fundamentalist militia Islamic State (IS) on August 3, 2014, lost Jesidin Nadia Murad her mother and six brothers; a total of 18 of their family members died from IS. She herself was abducted from the village and taken prisoner. During this time, she was repeatedly enslaved , raped and tortured . Murad managed to escape from Mosul with the help of a Muslim family to a refugee camp in the Kurdish border area near Dohuk .
In March 2015 in the refugee camp she learned about the special contingent for particularly vulnerable women and children from Northern Iraq , a special contingent of the state of Baden-Württemberg , which gave 1,100 traumatized women and children from Northern Iraq the chance of psychotherapeutic care and a new beginning in Germany. Murad successfully applied for admission to the program together with her sister. Since then she has lived anonymously in Baden-Württemberg; initially for two years in a shared accommodation in Heilbronn , where she attended a preparatory class at the Johann Jakob Widmann School for two months, and since the beginning of 2017 in the greater Stuttgart area , where she temporarily maintains an office.
Early on, she spoke publicly about the experiences and fate of her people, including in December 2015 before the United Nations Security Council . On 16 September 2016 she was rewarded in New York by UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon as "combative and restless defender of Yezidi people" excellent and Goodwill Ambassador for the dignity of the survivors of human trafficking of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime ( UNODC ) appointed. "The Yezidin has suffered unspeakable abuse and human rights violations in the hands of the terrorist militia and has shown great courage in fighting such crimes," said Ban, explaining the appointment.
Since the end of her captivity and her flight to Germany, Murad has been fighting for the genocide of the Yazidis to be recognized and in particular addresses the situation of women in captivity. She urges the international community not to remain inactive and advocates international prosecution of IS crimes. "The Islamic State wants the organized destruction of the Yazidi people," she said. Since September 2016 she has been supported by her lawyer Amal Clooney , who wants to bring the IS crimes before the International Criminal Court. A total of around 6,500 Yazidis were kidnapped, including 3,500 women and girls, 1,700 of whom are still under IS violence. Almost 1,300 people are believed to have been killed by IS, and 2,700 children were orphans.
After Iraqi politicians had pledged their support in Nadia Murad's nomination, the Norwegian politician Audun Lysbakken officially submitted the nomination after meeting Murad at the five-member Nobel Prize Committee. "We want a peace prize that will shake up the world to fight against sexual violence as a weapon in war," Lysbakken told the AP news agency . However, she did not receive this highest award in 2016.
In 2016 Nadia Murad was honored by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe with the Václav Havel Human Rights Prize, endowed with 60,000 euros . Together with Lamija Adschi Baschar , she also received the EU Parliament's Sakharov Prize, endowed with 50,000 euros, in 2016 .
- together with Jenna Krajeski: I am your voice: the girl who escaped the Islamic State and fights against violence and slavery . Knaur, Munich 2017, ISBN 978-3-426-21429-9 .
- together with Jenna Krajeski: The Last Girl: My Story of Captivity, and My Fight Against the Islamic State . Virago, London 2017, ISBN 978-0-349-00974-2 , (English).
- Veronica Buffon, Christine Allison: The Gendering of Victimhood: Western Media and the Sinjar Genocide. In: Open Research Exeter , 2016
- Website of Nadia Murad (English)
- “I saw this strength in their eyes” , CICERO online interview with Düzen Tekkal about Nadia Murad, October 5, 2018
- United Nations: Former IS prisoners become UN special envoy. In: Die Zeit , September 17, 2016. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- From IS slave to UN special envoy. In: Website of the Tagesschau (ARD) , September 17, 2016. Retrieved September 17, 2016.
- From IS slave to UN special envoy. In: tagesschau.de. Retrieved September 17, 2016 .
- S.WR Aktuell: Nadia Murad has received the Nobel Peace Prize. Retrieved December 10, 2018 .
- Nobel Peace Prize winner Nadia Murad . In: BBC News . October 5, 2018 ( bbc.com [accessed December 11, 2018]).
- A former prisoner talks about atrocities and makes an appeal to the EU. In: kurier.at
- According to the activist, IS is holding thousands prisoner
- Chancellor meets Nadia Murad. In: Federal Government website , October 4, 2016. Accessed October 5, 2016.
- Jens Dierolf; Heike Kinkopf; dpa: Nadia Murad: Nobel laureate from next door. Stimme.de, October 5, 2018, accessed October 8, 2018 .
- Yezidin before the UN Security Council | My life in ISIS hell. In: bild.de
- Clooney and Murad meet Prime Minister Kretschmann. In: stuttgarter-zeitung.de
- Amal Clooney fights for international justice. In: globalcitizen.org
- Figures from the Cottbus Human Rights Center from April 3, 2017
- Jesidin receives the Vaclav Havel Prize. In: tagesschau.de , October 10, 2016. Accessed October 10, 2016.
- Sakharov Prize for Yazidis: Courageous Voice Against Terror. In: Tagesschau (ARD) , December 13, 2016. Accessed December 13, 2016.
- Haroon Siddique: Nobel peace prize 2018 won by Denis Mukwege and Nadia Murad - live updates . In: The Guardian . October 5, 2018, ISSN 0261-3077 ( theguardian.com [accessed October 5, 2018]).
- Nobel Peace Prize winner Nadia Murad honored with Bambi. In: RND.de ( RedaktionsNetzwerk Deutschland ). November 21, 2019, accessed December 7, 2019 .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Murad Basee Taha, Nadia (full name); طه, نادية مراد باسي (Arabic)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Yazidi human rights activist|
|DATE OF BIRTH||1993|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Kocho , Sinjar|