Sakharov Prize

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Awarding of the Sakharov Prize 2019 in the European Parliament to the Uyghur human rights activist Ilham Tohti . Parliament President David Sassoli presented the award to Ilhalm's daughter, who represented her imprisoned father.

The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought (also known as the EU Human Rights Prize ) has been awarded by the European Parliament since 1988 to personalities or organizations who campaign for the defense of human rights and freedom of expression. The prize is named after Andrei Sakharov , the Nobel Peace Prize laureate , and is endowed with 50,000 euros. It is awarded annually in Strasbourg .

The Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Development Committee prepare a selection of nominees, which agree on a shortlist each September. The Conference of Presidents of the European Parliament advises on this. The decision is usually announced in late October and the award ceremony takes place in the Strasbourg seat of the European Parliament in December.

There is also an Andrei Sakharov Prize of the American Physical Society , awarded biennially since 2006, and the Sakharov Freedom Prize .

Award winners

year Award winners country Remarks
1988 Nelson Mandela * South Africa Leader of the South African ANC , imprisoned
Anatoly Marchenko
(posthumous)
Soviet Union Dissident; † 1986
1989 Alexander Dubček Czechoslovakia Politician and co-initiator of the Prague Spring
1990 Aung San Suu Kyi * Myanmar Founder of the National League for Democracy
1991 Adem Demaçi (1936-2018) Kosovo Albanian writer
1992 Madres de Plaza de Mayo Argentina Human rights movement
1993 Oslobođenje Yugoslavia Sarajevo newspaper
1994 Taslima Nasrin (* 1962) Bangladesh Writer
1995 Leyla Zana (born 1961) Turkey Kurdish members of the Turkish parliament, imprisoned from 1994 to 2004 and later sentenced to numerous other prison terms
1996 Wei Jingsheng (born 1950) People's Republic of China Democracy and human rights activist in China, arrested after the Beijing Spring 1979; Deported to the USA at the end of 1997 after many years of inhumane prison conditions
1997 Salima Ghezali (* 1958) Algeria Journalist and human rights activist
1998 Ibrahim Rugova (1944-2006) Kosovo political leader of the Albanian people in Kosovo
1999 Xanana Gusmão (* 1946) East Timor Leader of the independence movement in East Timor. Imprisoned 1992 to 1997, first President of East Timor from 2002 to 2007, Prime Minister from 2007 to 2015
2000 ¡Basta Ya! Spain Organization working against ETA terrorism.
2001 Don Zacarias Kamwenho (* 1934) Angola Archbishop of Lubango
Izzat Ghazzawi (1951-2003) Palestine writer
Nurit Peled-Elhanan (* 1949) Israel University professor and author, lost her 13-year-old daughter in 1997 in West Jerusalem to a Palestinian suicide bomber bomb
2002 Oswaldo Payá (1952–2012) Cuba Regime critic
2003 Kofi Annan * Ghana UN Secretary General
All United Nations employees * multinational "In special memory of Sérgio Vieira de Mello and the many other UN officials who lost their lives in their service for peace in the world"
2004 Belarusian Association of Journalists (BAJ) Belarus
2005 Ladies in white Cuba Human rights movement
Hauwa Ibrahim (* 1968) Nigeria Lawyer
Reporters without borders France
2006 Aljaksandr Milinkevich (* 1947) Belarus Opposition politician
2007 Salih Mahmoud Osman (* 1957) Sudan Human rights attorney
2008 Hu Jia (* 1973) People's Republic of China Civil rights activist, imprisoned
2009 Memorial Russia Human rights organization
2010 Guillermo Fariñas (* 1962) Cuba Regime critic and doctor
2011 Mohamed Bouazizi
(posthumous)
Tunisia Arab Spring activists
Ali Ferzat (* 1951) Syria
Asmaa Mahfouz Egypt
Ahmed al-Senussi (* 1933) Libya
Razan Zaitouneh (1977-2013 (?)) Syria
2012 Jafar Panahi (* 1960) Iran Film director, imprisoned
Nasrin Sotudeh (* 1963) Lawyer, detained from 2010 to 2013 and since 2018
2013 Malala Yousafzai * Pakistan Blogger and child rights activist
2014 Denis Mukwege * DR Congo gynecologist
2015 Raif Badawi Saudi Arabia Blogger, imprisoned
2016 Lamia Aji Bashar Iraq Yazidi women persecuted by the “Islamic State”
Nadia Murad *
2017 Democratic opposition in Venezuela Venezuela The National Assembly (substitute Julio Borges ) and all of the organization " Foro Penal Venezolano " (Venezuelan Forum for the Defense of Political Prisoners) recognized political prisoners, including Leopoldo López , Antonio Ledezma , Daniel Ceballos , Yon Goicoechea , Lorent Saleh , Alfredo Ramos and Andrea González .
2018 Oleh Sentsow (* 1976) Ukraine Film director, imprisoned May 2014 to September 2019
2019 Ilham Tohti (* 1969) People's Republic of China Uyghur human rights advocate and economics professor, sentenced to life imprisonment in 2014 for “separatism”
2020 Democratic opposition in Belarus , represented by the Coordinating Council Belarus Democratic opposition to the politics and presidency of Aljaksandr Lukashenka

* = Persons or organizations who have also been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

Web links

Commons : Prix Sakharov  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Andrei Sakharov Prize
  2. Sakharov Prize goes to Ukrainian filmmaker Oleh Sentsow. In: Spiegel Online. October 25, 2018, accessed December 1, 2019 .
  3. Ilham Tohti, winner of the 2019 Sakharov Prize. European Parliament, accessed on December 1, 2019 .
  4. ^ The democratic opposition in Belarus - 2020, Belarus. European Parliament, accessed October 22, 2020 .
  5. zeit.de: Belarusian opposition receives Sakharov Prize