Adem Demaçi

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Adem Demaçi (born February 26, 1936 in Pristina , Kingdom of Yugoslavia , † July 26, 2018 in Pristina, Kosovo ) was a Kosovar writer and independence activist .


Demaçi published his first short stories as a student. He studied literature, law and education at the universities of Pristina , Skopje and Belgrade . Between 1953 and 1958 he wrote about 20 short stories and a novel entitled The Serpents of the Blood , in which the blood revenge in Kosovo and Albania is discussed. He was first imprisoned in 1958.

He campaigned for equality between Kosovo and the other republics of Yugoslavia . He was arrested by the Yugoslav security forces for his political activities and was a political prisoner for a total of 28 years: 1958–1961, 1964–1974 and 1975–1990. That is why some call him the “ Nelson Mandela of Kosovo” or the Balkans. In 1991 he was honored with the Sakharov Peace Prize for his work .

After his release, Demaçi headed the human rights association in Pristina between 1990 and 1995. During the war in Kosovo he was political spokesman for the Kosovo Liberation Army ( UÇK ) until he resigned in 1999 because he rejected the international contact group's Kosovo peace plan ( Treaty of Rambouillet ) because it did not provide for statehood for Kosovo. Later he also campaigned for the minority of Kosovar Serbs against attacks by the Albanians.

He wrote several literary works, some of which were translated into different languages ​​(e.g. The Serpents of the Blood , Albanian Gjarprinjtë e gjakut ).


Works (selection)

  • Gjarprinjtë e gjakut (Roman). Jeta e Re, 1958
  • Popu (drama). 1969
  • Kur Zoti harron (short story with stories). Zëri i Rinisë, Pristina, 1990
  • Libër për vetmohimin (novel). Pristina, 1994
  • Tung, vargu im . Rilindja, Pristina, 2002
  • Heli dhe Mimoza . Pristina, 2006
  • Dashuria kuantike e Filanit . Infopress & Buzuku, Pristina, 2007
  • Alb Prometeu . Qendra Ndërkombëtare e Kulturës Arbnori, Tirana, 2008

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b Human Rights Defender and Kosovo Dissident Adem Demaci Dies. In: New York Times. July 26, 2018, accessed July 27, 2018 .
  2. Steven Erlanger: Champion of Free Kosovo Now Urges moderation. In: The New York Times . August 10, 1999, accessed July 26, 2018 .