International Office Nansen pour les réfugiés

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The Office International Nansen pour les Réfugiés , also known in German as the International Nansen Office for Refugees , was an organization of the League of Nations in Geneva , which from 1930 to 1939 provided international aid to refugees from war zones. It was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1938 .


The office was founded by the League of Nations in 1930 shortly after the death of its namesake Fridtjof Nansen in order to continue its successful work in international refugee aid. Above all, the organization should provide material and political support for the refugees. The first president of the office was from 1930 to February 1933 Max Huber , then president of the International Committee of the Red Cross .

From 1933 onwards, it was problematic to help refugees from National Socialist Germany, as the Nansen office was not formally responsible, and from Spain , which many countries refused to accept. In spite of this, or perhaps because of it, the organization received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1938 . However, shortly afterwards it was disbanded. The prize money went to a newly founded refugee organization of the League of Nations.

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