Attica (Greek region)

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Attica region
Περιφέρεια Αττικής
Kreta Albanien Nordmazedonien Bulgarien Türkei Nördliche Ägäis Südliche Ägäis Ionische Inseln Peloponnes Attika Athos Westgriechenland Epirus |Thessalien Westmakedonien Zentralmakedonien Ostmakedonien und Thrakien MittelgriechenlandLocation of the Attica region within Greece
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Flag of the administrative region of Attica within Greece
Basic data
State : Greece
Surface: 3,808 km²
Residents: 3,827,624 (2011)
Population density: 1,005.15 inhabitants per km²
Capital: Athens
Regional districts 8th
Municipalities (δήμοι): 66
ISO 3166-2 : GR-A1 (old: GR-02 )
NUTS 1 code : 3
NUTS 2 code : 30th
License plate : YA – YZ and ZB – ZZ
Website :

Attica ( Greek Αττική Attiki ) is the most populous region (periferia) of Greece , which until 2010 also formed a Greek prefecture (nomos) . It contains the classical landscape of the same name , but it also includes other areas that never belonged to Attica in antiquity.

In ancient times , Attica was part of the Athens Polis , with a sanctuary of Athena on the Acropolis and a temple of Poseidon at Cape Sunion in the southeast of the landscape. Even today, Athens is the capital and administrative center of the region.

Attica borders the Peloponnese region to the west and central Greece to the north . The southernmost island in the region, Andikythira , is located around 30 km northwest of Crete . Important places are the port of Piraeus near Athens and the town of Marathon in the northeast. On the east coast was the city of Thorikos , where, according to Greek mythology, the goddess Demeter went ashore.


The grave find from Attica is one of the archaeological finds .

In 1833 the newly founded Kingdom of Greece was initially divided into 10 prefectures (nomi) . At that time, Attica formed a prefecture together with Boeotia . From 1899 to 1909 and then permanently from 1943, the two areas were divided into two prefectures. In 1964 Piraeus was spun off as an independent prefecture, but came back to the prefecture of Attica in 1972 (together with the acquired areas of Trizinias and the Argolic islands of Poros, Hydra and Spetses as well as the Ionian islands of Kythira and Andikythira). At the same time, the prefecture was divided into the four districts of Athens , Piraeus, West and Eaststattica , which gradually received the same powers as the other Greek prefectures. In 1986 Attica received the status of an administrative region (gr. Diikitiki periferia ). With the community reform in 1997, the number of Attic communities was reduced to 124 through merger. With the administrative reform of 2010 , the prefectures and prefectural districts were abolished and their competencies were transferred to the now self-governing region (periferia) and the municipalities, which had again been reduced to 66. Since then, Attica has been divided into eight regional districts (Ez. Gr. Periferiaki enotita ), which, apart from the allocation of seats, have no political significance for the regional council.

Administrative division

The Attica region is divided into eight regional districts. In proportion to their number of inhabitants, they send a certain number of MPs to the 101-member regional council.

Regional district Residents Seats Communities
Athens center 1,029,520 30th Athens , Dafni-Ymittos , Filadelfia-Chalkidona , Galatsi , Ilioupoli , Kesariani , Vyronas , Zografos
Athens North 591.680 15th Agia Paraskevi , Filothei-Psychiko , Iraklio , Kifisia , Lykovrysi-Pefki , Marousi , Metamorfosi , Nea Ionia , Papagos-Cholargos , Pendeli , Vrilissia
Athens South 529.826 14th Agios Dimitrios , Alimos , Chalandri , Elliniko-Argyroupoli , Glyfada , Kallithea , Moschato-Tavros , Nea Smyrni , Paleo Faliro
Athens West 489,675 13 Agia Varvara , Agii Anargyri-Kamatero , Chaidari , Egaleo , Ilio , Peristeri , Petroupoli
Piraeus 448.997 12 Keratsini-Drapetsona , Korydallos , Nikea-Agios Ioannis Rendis , Piraeus , Perama
Islands 74,651 2 Aegina , Angistri , Hydra , Kythira , Poros , Salamis , Spetses , Trizinia-Methana
Eaststatica 502,348 11 Acharnes , Dionysus , Koropi , Lavrio , Marathon , Markopoulo Mesogeas , Oropos , Pallini , Peania , Rafina-Pikermi , Saronikos , Spata-Artemida , Vari-Voula-Vouliagmeni
West Attica 160,927 4th Aspropyrgos , Elefsina , Fyli , Mandra-Idyllia , Megara
total 3,827,624 105 66


In 2006, the regional gross domestic product per inhabitant, expressed in purchasing power standards , was 129.1% of the EU-27 average .

In 2017 the unemployment rate was 21.6%.


Road traffic

In Greece, no distinction is made in the numbering between country roads (including national roads) and four-lane expressways (Ethniki Odos) without structurally separated lanes on the one hand and highways (Avtokinitodromos) on the other.

Rail transport



Ancient sites

Sounion at dusk

Individual evidence

  1. a b Results of the 2011 census at the National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΛ.ΣΤΑΤ) ( Memento from June 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (Excel document, 2.6 MB)
  2. Circular No. 19 on the implementation of the elections of November 7, 2010 for the regional authorities (Greek: Εγκύκλιος υπ 'αριθμ. 19 για τη διενέργεια των εξκλογών των εξκλογών την εκκλογών της 7ηηααΩ Ω ω Ω άά γΩ ΝΩ Ω Ν ΑΡΧ Ω Ω Ω Ω ω Ω ά Ω ά ω ά Ω ά Ω ά ω ω ω Ω ά Ω ά Ω ά Ω ω ω ω ω ω ω 2010 Greek Ministry of the Interior, August 2010, ( Memento from September 19, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 557 kB)
  3. Eurostat press release 23/2009: Regional GDP per inhabitant in the EU27 (PDF; 360 kB)
  4. Unemployment rate, by NUTS 2 regions. Retrieved November 5, 2018 .