Attica (landscape)

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Coordinates: 38 ° 0 '  N , 23 ° 49'  E

Attica in antiquity
Attic landscape, 1959

Attica ( ancient Greek Ἀττική Attikē ) is a peninsula and historical landscape in central Greece with the capital Athens . In it lies today's Greek region of Attica .

Attica bordered on the west by the mountains Kithairon of Viotia . In the south the peninsula is bounded by Cape Sounion . Important places were the port of Piraeus near Athens, Marathon in the northeast, Eleusis in the west and Thorikos in the east. In addition to the sanctuary of Athena on the Athenian Acropolis , the sanctuary of were Poseidon at Cape Sounion, the mysteries of Eleusis and the Artemis sanctuary in Brauron significant places of worship of Attica.

The special lighting conditions of Attica are called Attic light .