|description||British daily newspaper|
|publishing company||Daily Mail and General Trust|
|First edition||May 4, 1896|
|Frequency of publication||Every day; special Sunday edition|
|Sold edition||1,454,073 copies|
|Range||3.295 million readers|
The Daily Mail and its Sunday edition, The Mail on Sunday, are British tabloids that are the best-selling newspapers in the country with just under a million copies sold in 2020. The political orientation of both newspapers is considered to be conservative . The mail is considered to be the voice of the traditional lower middle class of the so-called " Middle England ".
The Daily Mail was founded in 1896 by Alfred Harmsworth and was the first nationally distributed mass newspaper in the lower price segment. As early as 1900, it had a circulation of more than a million copies. It relied on the stylistic devices of tabloid journalism from the start and offered less exhaustive reporting than, for example, the then top newspaper The Times . After the death of the newspaper founder Alfred Harmsworth, his brother Harold Harmsworth took over the business in 1922 .
The politically right-wing newspaper published an alleged letter from Soviet party leader Zinoviev to the British Communists in 1924 , which contained an alleged call for armed overthrow. This caused a sensation. In the parliamentary elections that took place four days later, the Liberal Party suffered heavy losses, while the Conservatives won a landslide and then replaced the previous Labor government under Ramsay MacDonald . The letter, published by the Daily Mail , was later exposed as a forgery .
In the early 1930s, the newspaper supported the United Empire Party, which its owner, Lord Rothermere, co-founded . At this time, Rothermere also sympathized with Hitler and Mussolini and influenced the editorial line of the paper in this sense. At times the Daily Mail also supported Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists (BUF) in its comments, but refrained from this stance after violent riots at a BUF rally in 1934. The newspaper's sympathy for Nazi Germany , on the other hand, lasted through almost the entire pre-war period, and Harold Harmsworth even wrote a letter to Hitler personally congratulating Hitler on the occupation of Czechoslovakia in 1939 . Before the beginning of World War II, the paper supported Neville Chamberlain 's policy of appeasement , and later it turned to Winston Churchill .
On December 31, 1940, the Daily Mail published a skyline of London. The dome of St. Paul's Cathedral could be seen on it, which, despite the devastating damage as a result of the daily air raids by the German Air Force (" The Blitz ") that had been going on for four months, had remained unscathed. The picture became an icon for the will to survive and the morale of the British people in World War II .
In 1971 the paper was to be merged with its main competitor, the Daily Express , which at that time had more than twice the circulation of the Daily Mail . But the owner at the time, Vere Harmsworth, let a corresponding request by the supervisory board come to nothing and developed the medium into a sophisticated tabloid with a focus on younger, average-educated readers. Also in 1971 the Daily Mail succeeded in hiring the renowned journalist David English, who shaped the style of the paper in the following decades and contributed to its success. In 1991 the paper succeeded for the first time in a higher circulation than its competitor Daily Express .
After two decades as editor-in-chief, David English became chairman of the board of the Associated Newspapers group , which also publishes the Daily Mail , in 1992 . He was succeeded by Paul Dacre, who has held this post to this day.
The Daily Mail has been the target of defamation suits in the past .
Overseas and Continental Editions
The first two foreign editions were founded in 1904 and 1905. The former with the title "Overseas Daily Mail" for the whole world and the latter with the title "Continental Daily Mail" for Europe and North Africa. Later there were also separate editions for Scotland, Ireland and India. Offices were maintained in Berlin, Munich and Paris for the continental edition. For the Sunday editions, which cost 20 pfennigs in the German Reich in 1907, elaborate local features and art supplements with exclusive articles by German authors were produced in English translation. For example, on September 22, 1907, a full-page article by the art critic Anna Spier, wife of the social democratic politician Samuel Spier , was published about the Lenbachhaus in Munich .
The coverage of the Daily Mail has sparked numerous controversies in the past and has also been discussed critically abroad. The Süddeutsche Zeitung wrote, for example, that the newspaper's political columnists would write “such blooming madness” that “you can never be sure” “whether they really mean it”. In 2010, Daily Mail columnist Richard Littlejohn sparked violent public reactions with a column about a transsexual elementary school teacher. There were multiple demonstrations in front of the newspaper's offices.
In 2013, an article in which the newspaper denigrated Ralph Miliband , the late father of Labor Party leader Ed Miliband , met with violent reactions. As a result, numerous politicians and commentators reprimanded the paper for its way of dealing with political opponents. Conservative politicians such as John Moore , Michael Heseltine and Prime Minister David Cameron also criticized the newspaper for the article.
The Stop Funding Hate campaign calls on international companies to end advertising partnerships with the Daily Mail . Lego set up an advertising partnership with the Daily Mail in November 2016. The campaign criticizes the newspaper because it would sow hatred and promote social division.
In February 2017, the English-language Wikipedia community decided after about two years of debate that the Daily Mail was generally untrustworthy as a source and should therefore not be used as evidence. This exclusion of the Daily Mail was justified by the fact that it had major deficiencies in verifying facts, was greedy for sensation and sometimes simply invented facts or allegations. In the media, this exclusion was described as an extraordinary step. Examples given include: reporting on the Amanda Knox case , fabricated interviews with footballers Paul Pogba and Andrea Pirlo, and false allegations about the relationship between George Clooney and Amal Alamuddin . The Daily Mail is also accused of spreading false claims about global warming .
The online presence of the newspaper was criticized by the Süddeutsche Zeitung in 2013 as “carefully planned chaos”.
Since 1906, the newspaper sponsored a number of aviation awards to promote the development of aviation. Well-known Daily Mail prices directly initiated by the Daily Mail founder Lord Northcliffe were:
- The Cross Channel Prize (£ 1,000) of October 5, 1908, which was won on July 25, 1909 by Louis Blériot .
- The All British Prize (£ 1,000) won on October 30, 1909 by John Moore-Brabazon .
- The London to Manchester Prize (£ 10,000) won on April 27, 1910 by Louis Paulhan .
- The "Atlantic Prize" (£ 10,000) of April 5, 1913 for an Atlantic crossing (renewed November 21, 1918) won on June 15, 1919 by Alcock and Brown .
- Official website of the Daily Mail (English)
- Lauren Collins: Mail Supremacy: The Newspaper that Rules Britain ( memento dated March 28, 2012 on WebCite ) . Article in The New Yorker, April 2, 2012.
- zeit.de November 7, 2016: Council of Europe reprimands British press (After the decision of the High Court that a parliamentary vote must be obtained before the start of the Brexit negotiations, the Daily Mail had the headline Enemies of the people and photos of the three judges opened )
- Entry at the German National Library
- Daily Mail eclipses the Sun to become UK's top-selling paper The Guardian , June 20, 2020, accessed February 25, 2021
- The Voice of 'Middle England'? The Daily Mail and Public Life Daily Mail Historical Archive 1896-2004. Cengage Learning, 2013, accessed February 25, 2021
- Daily Mail & General Trust plc. Federal Agency for Civic Education, July 1, 2011, accessed on June 5, 2019 .
- Entry Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere in the Encyclopædia Britannica
- Nicholson Baker : Human Smoke: The Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization . Simon & Schuster, 2008, pp. 12-13.
- James Thomas: Popular Newspapers, the Labor Party and British Politics . Routledge, 2005, p. 75
- Dennis Griffiths: Fleet Street: Five hundred years of the press . British Library, 2006, p. 249
- Richard Griffiths: Fellow Travelers of the Right: British Enthusiasts for Nazi Germany, 1933-1939 . Constable, 1980, pp. 163-168
- SJ Taylor: The Great Outsiders: Northcliffe, Rothermere and the Daily Mail . Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1996
- Cyprian P. Blamires (Eds.): World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia, Volume 1 . ABC-CLIO, 2006, pp. 288, 435
- Richard Griffiths: Fellow Travelers of the Right: British Enthusiasts for Nazi Germany, 1933-1939 . Constable, 1980, p. 168
- Neil Tweedie and Peter Day: When Rothermere urged Hitler to invade Romania . In: The Daily Telegraph , March 1, 2005
- 1971: Britain's oldest tabloid closes . In: BBC News , On this day: 11 May
- Dispute with "Daily Mail": Kate Winslet collects 28,000 euros in compensation . In: Spiegel Online , November 3, 2009
- Jacqueline Maley: Elton John gets £ 100,000 for Daily Mail libel . In: The Guardian , May 25, 2006
- Hugh Grant accepts libel damages . In: BBC News , April 27, 2007
- Matt Born: Diana Rigg wins libel case against Daily Mail . In: The Daily Telegraph , October 21, 2003
- Oliver Luft: Daily Mail pays out after alleging former Catholic PR man was hypocrite . In: The Guardian , January 29, 2009
- A. Spier: "Lenbach's House." - Munich Art Supplement to the Sunday Issue of the Daily Mail, Continental Edition, September 22, 1907, pages 1 and 4. (All technical information on the continental edition can be found on the title page of this edition.)
- Christian Zaschke: The web to roll out . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , May 22, 2013
- Jonathan Brown: Transgender primary school teacher who 'took own life' had sought protection from media hounding before her death . In: The Independent , March 23, 2013
- John Plunkett: Daily Mail column on student protester prompts 500 complaints to PCC . In: The Guardian , December 14, 2010
- Matthew Taylor: Protesters outside Daily Mail offices condemn 'campaign of hatred' . In: The Guardian , October 6, 2013
- Lucy Meadows vigil: Petition to sack Richard Littlejohn . In: BBC News , March 26, 2013
- Roy Greenslade: Welfare cuts demonstrators to hold rally outside the Daily Mail . In: The Guardian , April 14, 2011
- Christian Zaschke: Death and the devil . In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , October 5, 2013
- Tasteless “Daily Mail” . In: Neue Zürcher Zeitung , October 2, 2013
- Nicholas Watt: Thatcher ally accuses Daily Mail of 'telling lies' about Ralph Miliband . In: The Guardian , October 2, 2013
- Rhiannon Williams: David Cameron and Nick Clegg pledge support to Ed Miliband over newspaper row . In: The Daily Telegraph , October 1, 2013
- Nicholas Watt: Ed Miliband was right to challenge Daily Mail, says David Cameron . In: The Guardian , October 8, 2013
- Die Zeit, Lego helps campaign against hatred by doing nothing , November 13, 2016
- Wikipedia bans Daily Mail as 'unreliable' source . In: The Guardian , February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
- Daily Mail Banned As 'Reliable Source' On Wikipedia In Unprecedented Move . In: Huffington Post , February 9, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
- Leading climate scientist challenges Mail on Sunday's use of his research . In: The Guardian , January 11, 2010. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
- Mail on Sunday launches the first salvo in the latest war against climate scientists . In: The Guardian , February 5, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
- News Report on Global Temperatures Is Wrong, Scientists Say . In: The New York Times , December 2, 2016. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
- THE "DAILY MAIL" ROUND BRITAIN RACE . In: The Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom - official notices to members . September 6, 1913, p. 984 ( Flight Global Archive ).
- THE NEW DAILY MAIL PRIZES . In: The Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom - official notices to members . April 5, 1913, p. 393 ( Flight Global Archive ).
- LONDON TO MANCHESTER . £ 10,000 MORE FOR PRIZES. In: Proprietors of FLIGHT (Ed.): Flight . tape 45 . Flight, London 1909, p. 702-703 .
- LONDON TO MANCHESTER . £ 10,000 MORE FOR PRIZES. In: Proprietors of FLIGHT (Ed.): Flight . tape 71 . Flight, London 1910, p. 349-350 .
- THE DAILY MAIL ATLANTIC PRIZE . In: The Royal Aero Club of the United Kingdom - official notices to members . November 21, 1918, p. 1316 ( Flight Global Archive ).