FTSE 100 index
|FTSE 100 index|
|Stock exchange||London Stock Exchange|
|Bloomberg code||UKX <INDEX>|
The FTSE 100 Index or Financial Times Stock Exchange Index ( colloquially : Footsie ; fʊt͡si ) is the UK's most important stock index . The abbreviation FTSE stands for Financial Times Stock Exchange . The FTSE 100 tracks the combined price development of the 100 largest and highest-turnover companies on the London Stock Exchange . It thus represents the market segment of the British standard values and is the leading index for the British stock market. He is determined by the FTSE Group , which emerged from a joint venture between the London Stock Exchange and the Financial Times .
The FTSE 100 is a price index and represents 80 percent of the market capitalization of the London Stock Exchange (LSE). The index level is determined solely on the basis of share prices and only adjusted for income from subscription rights and special payments. Dividend payments are not included in the calculation of the index. Corporate actions such as stock splits have no (distorting) influence on the index. The calculation is updated every second during LSE trading hours from 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. local time (9:00 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. CET). The investment universe includes all UK-based companies that are listed on the London Stock Exchange.
To create a selection list, the companies in the investment universe are sorted in descending order according to market capitalization. An index value that has a market capitalization ranking below 111 on the relevant reference date will be replaced. Likewise, a non-index stock whose market capitalization rank is better than 90 will be included in the FTSE 100 until all old index stocks are replaced. The weighting of the values in the index is based on market capitalization. There is no capping of individual titles. The composition of the FTSE 100 is reviewed quarterly in March, June, September and December.
The FTSE 100 Index was published for the first time on January 3, 1984 with a base value of 1,000 points and was calculated back to 1969. On March 4, 1987, the index closed above the 2,000-point mark for the first time. On October 20, 1987, the stock index suffered the largest daily loss in its history, at 12.22 percent. The reason was Black Monday on October 19, 1987 on the New York Stock Exchange , when the value of the Dow Jones Industrial Average plummeted 22.6 percent.
Another milestone in the development of the FTSE 100 was August 11, 1993 when it ended trading above the 3,000 mark for the first time. In the years that followed, the index set further record levels. On October 2, 1996, the FTSE 100 closed above the 4,000 point mark for the first time and on August 6, 1997 for the first time above the limit of 5,000 points. The FTSE 100 passed the 6,000 point mark for the first time on April 1, 1998. On December 30, 1999, the index hit an all-time high with a closing level of 6,930.20 points.
After the speculative bubble burst in the technology sector ( dot-com bubble ), the index fell to a low of 3,436.00 points by March 10, 2003. That was a decrease of 50.4 percent since December 1999. March 10, 2003 means the end of the downward slide. From spring 2003, the FTSE 100 began to rise again. By June 15, 2007, the share index rose to a closing level of 6,732.40 points. Since the low in March 2003, the profit is 95.9 percent.
In the course of the international financial crisis , which had its origin in the US real estate crisis in the summer of 2007, the FTSE 100 began to decline again. On January 16, 2008 the index closed again below the 6,000 point mark and on September 17, 2008 below the 5,000 point mark. On October 10, 2008, the limit of 4,000 points also fell. Volatility increased due to the fear surrounding the US real estate crisis . On November 24, 2008, the FTSE 100 achieved the largest daily gain in its history with 9.84 percent. The index hit a new low on March 3, 2009, when it ended trading at 3,512.09 points. Since June 15, 2007 this corresponds to a decrease of 47.8 percent.
March 3, 2009 marks the turning point of the downward trend. From spring 2009 the FTSE 100 was on the way up again. By February 8, 2011, it rose by 73.4 percent to a closing level of 6,091.33 points. The weakening of the global economy and the worsening of the euro crisis led to a slump in the UK's leading index. On October 4, 2011, the FTSE 100 finished trading at 4,944.44 points. The loss since the high on February 8, 2011 is 18.8 percent.
The announcement of new bond purchase programs by the European Central Bank and the US Federal Reserve , which are basically unlimited, led to a recovery in prices on the stock market. The monetary stimulus played a bigger role in the price formation than the global economic slowdown and the state of the companies. On January 11, 2013, the index closed at 6,121.58 points, 23.8 percent higher than on October 4, 2011.
The overview shows the all-time highs of the FTSE 100.
|in the course of trading||7,792.56||Friday January 12th 2018|
|on a closing price basis||7,778.64||Friday January 12th 2018|
The table shows the milestones of the FTSE 100 calculated back to 1969.
The best days
The table shows the best days of the FTSE 100, calculated back to 1969.
The worst days
The table shows the worst days of the FTSE 100 calculated back to 1969.
The table shows the annual development of the FTSE 100 calculated back to 1969.
score in points
The FTSE 100 consists of the following companies (as of August 6, 2018).
|rank||Surname||Branch||logo||Index weighting in%|
|1||Royal Dutch Shell (A&B)||oil and gas||10.35|
|3||British American Tobacco||Beverages and tobacco||5.20|
|4th||BP||oil and gas||5.08|
|7th||Diageo||Beverages and tobacco||3.22|
|9||Lloyds Banking Group||Banks||2.54|
|12||Rio Tinto Group||Mining||2.31|
|14th||Reckitt Benckiser||Drugstore and cosmetics||2.07|
|15th||Barclays Bank||Financial service providers||1.93|
|19th||Imperial Brands||Beverages and tobacco||1.27|
|21st||Cement Roadstone Holding||Building materials||1.11|
|23||Standard Chartered Bank||Banks||1.09|
|29||Legal & General||Financial service providers||0.84|
|34||Centrica||oil and gas||0.73|
|37||London Stock Exchange||Exchanges||0.71|
|38||Smith & Nephew||Medical technology||0.64|
|40||International Airlines Group||aviation||0.55|
|43||Associated British Foods||Food, retail||0.53|
|44||Royal Bank of Scotland||Banks||0.46|
|45||3i Group||Finance industry||0.45|
|46||InterContinental Hotels Group||Services||0.45|
|47||Carnival plc||Tourism and leisure||0.44|
|54||Sage Group||Information technology||0.38|
|61||RSA Insurance Group||Insurance||0.35|
|63||Scottish Mortgage||Investment trust||0.34|
|64||Paddy Power Betfair||Bets||0.33|
|69||Johnson Matthey||Specialty chemistry||0.32|
|73||St. James's Place plc||Asset management||0.31|
|77||Direct Line Insurance Group||Insurance||0.29|
|82||Berkeley Group Holdings||property||0.26|
|85||Morrison Supermarkets||retail trade||0.25|
|86||Severn Trent||Beverages and tobacco||0.24|
|87||Hargreaves Lansdown||Financial services||0.24|
|88||Marks & Spencer||retail trade||0.24|
|90||Just Eat||Online service||0.22|
|94||Admiral Group||Financial service providers||0.20|
|95||Schroders||Financial service providers||0.20|
|97||NMC Health||Health industry||0.15|
|100||Evraz||Steel and mining||0.12|
Other FTSE indices
- The London Stock Exchange (LSE) , boerse.de, accessed on November 16, 2017.
- FTSE 100 , wienerborse.at, accessed on November 16, 2017.
- Université de Lausanne: The database with stock indices 1969–2004
- Oesterreichische Nationalbank: Historical prices from 1986
- The Guardian: Best Days of the FTSE 100 since 1984
- The Guardian: Worst Days of the FTSE 100 Since 1984
- LSE: London Stock Exchange FTSE 100 , accessed August 6, 2018