National Anti-Doping Agency Germany
|National Anti-Doping Agency Germany
|Purpose:||Promotion of sport|
|Chair:||Andrea Gotzmann and Lars Mortsiefer|
The National Anti-Doping Agency Germany ( NADA ) is an independent foundation under civil law, which was founded on July 15, 2002 in Bonn and became legally effective on January 1, 2003. Its aim is to combat doping for clean performance in sport.
Because of doping in the Federal Republic of Germany , the DSB carried out the pilot project "Doping controls in training" in 1989/1990 together with the Federal Committee for Competitive Sport (BA-L), which was not very successful. All training controls were negative, which, according to self-critical statements, was due to internal deficiencies. The supervisory authority was not independent.
At the end of January 1991 the DSB set up a "permanent commission for monitoring doping controls outside of competitions". This was renamed the Anti-Doping Commission (ADK) at the end of the year. From February 1993 it became a common cause with the NOK : the ADK DSB / NOK, the direct predecessor institution of NADA.
In 1999, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was founded and based on this, NADA followed in the countries. In Germany, the Anti-Doping Commission was discontinued at the end of 2002 in favor of NADA. The name "DADA" for "German Anti-Doping Agency" was discarded because of the undesirable reference to Dadaism .
On July 15, 2002 the "National Anti-Doping Agency Germany" (NADA) was founded in Bonn and became legally effective on January 1, 2003.
NADA has a full-time executive board and an honorary supervisory board. According to the foundation constitution, the supervisory board consists of at least nine people. Their task is u. a. in the "monitoring of the activities of the executive board as an independent control body" and the "appointment of the chairmen of the commissions to provide technical advice to the departments of NADA".
Andrea Gotzmann has been the chairman of the board since mid-September 2011 and together with Lars Mortsiefer forms the board of NADA. Gotzmann replaced Martin Nolte . After Mortsiefer had been on the interim board since March 2011, he was finally appointed as a board member by the supervisory board in July 2011. He replaced Hanns-Michael Hölz , who had been elected President of the German Snowboard Association at the end of October 2011 .
"Give everything, take nothing" is the current slogan of the National Anti-Doping Agency, which celebrated its 15th anniversary in January 2018 in Bonn.
The statutory objectives of NADA are:
- Implementation of a uniform doping control system for Germany, including its further development
- Implementation of the World Anti-Doping Code (WADC) into a National Anti-Doping Code (NADC)
- Granting of medical exemption permits (TUE) and answering medication inquiries
- Advice and promotion of the scientific, political and other institutions and sports organizations dealing with doping issues
- (Legal) advice for associations and athletes
- Establishment and implementation of an independent sports arbitration tribunal in cases of sanctions (since January 1, 2008)
- International cooperation in the fight for clean sport, especially with other anti-doping institutions as well as through advice and assistance for countries that are not in a position to set up an independent anti-doping agency
- Prevention, including the creation and dissemination of educational and school material on the problem of doping in sport
- Acting as an information point for athletes, sports associations, journalists and the general public on doping issues
as well as other similar tasks, if applicable.
The rules of the World Anti-Doping Agency , the so-called World Anti-Doping Code (WADC), apply worldwide.
In 2003, Germany committed to national implementation. The specifications of the WADC have since been laid down in the National Anti-Doping Code (NADC). Over the years, the anti-doping regulations have been revised several times.
In January 2015 the NADC 2015 came into force, which is currently valid. The changes essentially include:
- Two new doping offenses: Art. 2.9 regulates aid; Art. 2.10 regulates the prohibited contact with athlete support staff who (themselves) have committed anti-doping rule violations.
- According to Art. 10, the rule block for first violations is increased from 2 to 4 years under certain conditions (see Art. 10.2.1).
- There is now a breach of the reporting obligation (Art. 2.4) with three failures to report and / or control within 12 months (instead of the previous 18 months).
- Possibility of an "abbreviated procedure" (Art. 7.11) for athletes who directly recognize sanctions or who have reached another out-of-court settlement.
- According to Art. 17, the statute of limitations for violations of anti-dopong regulations is now 10 instead of 8 years.
In Germany, investigations into doping cases are carried out by the public prosecutor's offices, which have existed in this form since April 2012:
- Public prosecutor's office for doping offenses Munich I
- Public prosecutor's office for the prosecution of doping offenses in Freiburg
- The WADA criticized the lack of room for maneuver and the financial uncertainty of the NADA. WADA Director General David Howman criticizes the fact that NADA cannot conduct an investigation and has little opportunity to get information from the police. In addition, a problem is seen in the unusual mixed financing of NADA by the state, sport and private individuals, because in most countries the national agencies are fully financed by the state.
- Not all sports associations had signed contracts with NADA. In 2010 NADA carried out competition controls for bobsleigh and sledges, weightlifting, curling, darts, golf, motor sports, riding, pétanque, lawn power sports and tug of war, chess, skiing, acrobatics, table tennis, taekwondo, modern pentathlon and water skiing and wakeboarding as well as in the Handball and ice hockey Bundesliga. With the new NADA code, NADA took over all competition controls of the professional associations organized in the German Olympic Sports Confederation (DOSB) in 2015. Before that, z. B. in the German Bundesliga (as of May 2010) controlled by the DFB on a matchday with three games. Two players were tested by each team.
- The German Football Association (DFB) has been the only football association to voluntarily test 12.5% of all samples for EPO since 2004. The requirement of NADA to create blood banks from the players, with which one changes such. B. can check the hematocrit value, was rejected by the DFB. It is the same with requested, unannounced house searches. At the beginning of 2015, the DFB and NADA negotiated a contract on training and competition controls, which includes doping controls for the national team (women and men) and the first three professional leagues, the regional league, the women's and junior Bundesliga and the DFB Cup contains.
- In Germany, in a doping case, the names of the persons concerned (partially abbreviated) are only made public when the judgment is final. The NADA Austria , however, follows as a requirement of the WADA and published the real names of the athletes immediately after the positive test of the B sample.
- NADA website
- "Give everything, take nothing" initiative
- Prevention program "Together against doping"
- NADA annual reports (with control figures)
- Andrea Gotzmann becomes the new chairwoman , faz.net, June 27, 2011.
- Unrest at NADA: Chairman of the supervisory board leaves (December 5, 2011).
- Anti-Doping - Nada celebrates its 15th anniversary (January 6, 2018)
- See also § 257a RiStBV , BAnz AT 08/18/2014 B1
- World Anti-Doping Code. In: World Anti-Doping Agency. Retrieved January 5, 2017 .
- NADA: The National Anti-Doping Code (NADC). In: www.nada.de. Retrieved January 5, 2017 .
- Sports fraud: Wada considers German anti-doping agency to be ineffective (February 13, 2013).
- NADA annual report 2010 nada.de p. 9 , 2011 ISBN 978-3-89899-709-6 .
- NADA takes over all competition controls focus.de February 11, 2015 .
- Regional football not in the contract between DFB and NADA (March 8, 2015).
- Doping case in German MTB sport - public prosecutor confirms doping investigations (August 30, 2018).