Mainz Satchel Guard

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mainzer Ranzengarde
purpose Customs care
Chair: Lothar Both
Establishment date: 1837
Number of members: about 600
Seat : Mainz

The Mainzer Ranzengarde was founded in 1837 by Johann Maria Kertell and is the oldest carnival corporation within the Mainz carnival . It is therefore also known as the “mother of all Mainz gardens ”. In 1838 the Mainzer Carneval-Verein (MCV) was founded with the help of the Knapsack Guard , which is the oldest carnival club in Mainz .

The name Ranzengarde is derived from the word Ranzen , which stands for a big belly in the Mainz dialect. One of the admission requirements was that the applicant should weigh at least two hundred pounds , or 100 kg, and be at least six feet tall; this corresponds to about 150 cm. These conditions of admission were slowly lifted after the Second World War .

The guard was seen as a parody of the sovereign's guard and honor company as well as of the Tall Guys , since it was not six feet in height that was required, but six feet in circumference. The first carnival sessions and the first Rose Monday trains the Ranzengarde took over, equipped with wooden rifles, the "military protection".

The first headquarters of the guard was in the main guard house in the Mitterhäusen in front of the Mainz theater. A modified version of the battle cry of the French General Pierre Cambronne “The Guard eats and drinks, but they do not throw up!” Was chosen as the battle cry .

Structure and organization

The Mainz Satchel Guard is divided into the following departments:

  • Artillery (since 2018/2019 campaign)
  • battalion
  • Cadet Corps
  • Equestrian Corps
  • Large Guard Music Corps
  • Music and drummers corps
  • Minstrel and fanfare parade
  • Honorary Officer Corps

The departments are presided over by the board of directors elected for a period of 3 years (Section 10, Paragraph 1 of the Articles of Association); The “Little Council”, also elected, is cross-departmental for the organization and implementation of guard events, e.g. B. the annual Altweiberball, responsible.


The battalion is the oldest and largest division of the Mainz Satchel Guard; The "satchel battalion" is mentioned in the earliest mentions of the Guard. The battalion has multiple positions and ranks, each with a military background; this is to be understood as a parody of the behavior and customs of the former military.

Cadet Corps

The cadet corps, which has existed since 1936, is the youth department of the Mainz Ranzengarde. Membership of at least one parent in a department of the Guard is a prerequisite for admission. From the age of 4 or 5, members of the cadet corps can take part in the hall events and from the age of 6 in the street parades. An integral part of the schedule of the cadet corps is the cadet meeting and medal ceremony, which always takes place on the first Sunday in January and is organized exclusively by its own members.

Equestrian Corps

The Mainz Ranzengarde maintains the oldest equestrian corps during the Mainz Carnival . She takes the position that the use of horses in the annual carnival parades creates an atmosphere that can lastingly round off the experience of street carnival. The association shows this conviction, in addition to the equestrian corps, in the fact that all of the guard's wagons on the Rose Monday procession in Mainz are pulled by horses. In order to meet the responsibility for people and animals as well as to ensure safety during the moves, the prerequisites for membership in the equestrian corps are reaching the lower age limit of 16 years as well as proof of riding skills, which is constantly improved in regular riding lessons by the guard . The officer corps, which currently consists of around 30 riders, traditionally takes part on horseback in the New Year's parade, the guard parade (Shrove Sunday) and the Mainz Rose Monday parade .

Large Guard Music Corps

The "Kasteler Musikanten", founded in 1926, have been active since 1971 as the Large Guard Music Corps of the Ranzengarde in the Mainz Carnival. The currently more than 50 musicians support the guard on official occasions outside of Mainz. For example, they have already taken part in the “Carnaval des Carnevals” in Paris.

Minstrel and fanfare parade

Minstrel and fanfare parade

The Spielmanns- und Fanfarenzug was founded in 1988 as a pure drummers group by the Kastel musicians. In 1994 the members completely joined the satchel guard and contributed to the musical completion of the club with the idea of ​​founding a fanfare group. The group, now consisting of 30 musicians, has already performed in the Lüneburg Heath , in Düsseldorf and at the Steubenparade in New York City and is an integral part of all events of the Mainz Ranzengarde.

Music and drummers corps

The music and drumming corps of the Mainz Ranzengarde is the traditional music parade of the association. Active members of this group belong to all age groups. The majorette group of the Guard belong to the music and drumming corps.

Honorary Officer Corps

The members of the honor officer corps see themselves as patrons and sponsors of the association. The members support the Guard u. a. financially through higher contributions. During the street carnival, the honorary officers can join the other departments as “battalioners”, “musicians” or “riders”.


For the 175th anniversary of the Mainz knapsack, Prince Johannes I and Princess Anna I, the Mainz prince couple , which are only available on special occasions during the Mainz Carnival .

In November 2011 the anniversary book 175 years of Mainz splendor, Die Ranzegard at Fassenacht was presented. In addition, a special exhibition about the founder of the Ranzengarde, Johann Maria Kertell, and the field marshals appointed after 1945 was shown in the Mainz Carnival Museum.


Since 2005, the Ranzengarde has been awarding the Mainzer Ranzengardist (an original model of the Ranzengardebrunnen by Liesel Metten) on January 2nd, initially every two years, to public figures who have made a name for themselves as ambassadors for the Mainz Carnival with their humor and zest for life.

Previous winners:

  1. 2005: Markus Schächter , director of the ZDF
  2. 2007: Karl Cardinal Lehmann , Bishop of Mainz
  3. 2009: Thilo Sarrazin , former board member of the Bundesbank and former finance senator of the state of Berlin
  4. 2011: Lars Reichow , German cabaret artist .
  5. 2012: Mathias Breitschaft , cathedral music director of Mainz
  6. 2014: Rainer Schmidt (table tennis player) , athlete, theologian and cabaret artist
  7. 2019: Harald Martenstein , journalist and author
  8. 2020: Margit Sponheimer , singer and actress

Prominent members

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Fastnacht in Mainz: Ranzengarde presents Prince Couple Johannes I and Anna I. ( Memento from February 7, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) by Bernd Funke, in Rhein Main Presse, as of November 5, 2011
  2. Does Sarrazin give the laudation? Lars Reichow gets Mainz satchel guards , Allgemeine Zeitung Mainz 10 November 2010
  3. Mainz has a couple of princes again. In: Frankfurter Rundschau . January 4, 2012, accessed March 29, 2020 .
  4. ^ In conversation with Rainer Schmidt Allgemeine Zeitung Mainz on December 28, 2013
  5. VRM GmbH & Co KG: Award for Margit Sponh eimer - Allgemeine Zeitung. Retrieved January 3, 2020 .