Federal Social Court

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
GermanyGermany Federal Social Court
- BSG -p1
Federal eagle of the German federal organs
State level Federation
position Federal Supreme Court
Consist since September 11, 1954
Headquarters Kassel , Hesse ( Section 38 SGG ) HesseHesse  
management Rainer Schlegel , President of the Federal Social Court
Website www.bsg.bund.de
Federal Social Court in Kassel (2018)
New main entrance from the south
Postage stamp on the occasion of the 50th anniversary
East side, former main entrance

The Federal Social Court (BSG) in Kassel is the highest court of social justice in Germany and thus, alongside the Federal Labor Court , Federal Fiscal Court , Federal Court of Justice and Federal Administrative Court, one of the five highest federal courts . It opened on September 11, 1954. The first public meeting took place on March 23, 1955.

As an authority , the Federal Social Court - like the Federal Labor Court - is subordinate to the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs and is subject to its general supervision . However , it is independent in its work as a court .


The Federal Social Court was established on the basis of Article 95 of the Basic Law on September 11, 1954. The Social Courts and Regional Social Courts had already been established by the Social Justice Act (SGG) of August 3, 1953.


As a court of appeal, the BSG decides on appeals against judgments of the regional social courts or - if the appeal was not admitted - on non-admission complaints . If the only instanzlich competent Social Court , the leap-frog approved and the parties agree, the BSG checked in rarer cases, judgments of the social courts. In addition, it is first and last instance responsible for disputes of a non-constitutional nature between the federal government and the states or between different states in matters of social insurance and other legal disputes assigned to social justice.

Court organization and tribunal

The panels of the BSG are called Senates . They are each staffed with three professional judges and two honorary judges . 14 Senates have existed since July 2007. The Grand Senate also exists as a special panel . The proportion of women among professional judges is currently (as of 2015) with 11 out of 42 people 26 percent.

Business distribution

As of 2017, the division of responsibilities is as follows (responsibilities shown in simplified form):

1st Senate: Health Insurance

Chairman Ernst Hauck
Assessor Pablo Coseriu
Assessor Martin Estelmann

2nd Senate: Accident Insurance

Chairman Wolfgang Spellbrink
Assessor Susanne Hüttmann-Stoll
Assessor Carsten Karmanski
Assessor Dirk Bieresborn

3rd Senate: health insurance , especially aids and non-medical service provision; Artists ' social insurance , long-term care insurance

Chairman Hans-Jürgen Kretschmer
Assessor Andreas Schriever
Assessor Dagmar Oppermann
Assessor Ursula Waßer

4th Senate: Basic security for job seekers (together with the 14th Senate)

Chairman Thomas Voelzke
Assessor Bernd Mutschler
Assessor Nicola Behrend
Assessor Uwe Söhngen

5th Senate: Statutory pension insurance (together with the 13th Senate)

Chairman Josef Berchtold
Assessor Liselotte Günniker
Assessor Bernhard Koloczek
Assessor Anne Körner

6. Senate: Contractual (dental) medical law

Chairman Ulrich Wenner
Assessor Ruth Düring
Assessor Wolfgang Engelhard
Assessor Olaf Rademacker

7th Senate: Asylum Seekers Benefits Act

Chairman Wolfgang Eicher
Assessor Karen Krauss
Assessor Jutta Siefert
Assessor Miriam Meßling

8th Senate: social assistance

Chairman Wolfgang Eicher
Assessor Karen Krauss
Assessor Jutta Siefert
Assessor Miriam Meßling

9th Senate: Social Compensation Law and Severely Disabled Law ; Pay for the blind and help for the blind

Chairwoman Elke Roos
Assessor Hartwig Othmer
Assessor Matthias Röhl

10th Senate: Old-age insurance for farmers; Federal Education Allowance Act ; Federal Parental Allowance and Parental Leave Act ; Child benefit law ; Legal protection in the event of lengthy court proceedings

Chairwoman Elke Roos
Assessor Hartwig Othmer
Assessor Matthias Röhl

11. Senate: Unemployment insurance and other tasks of the Federal Employment Agency

Chairman Thomas Voelzke
Assessor Bernd Mutschler
Assessor Nicola Behrend
Assessor Uwe Söhngen

12. Senate: Contribution and membership law for health insurance, long-term care insurance, pension insurance and unemployment insurance

Chairman President of the Federal Social Court Rainer Schlegel
Assessor Norbert Bernsdorff
Assessor Andreas Heinz
Assessor Christian Mecke
Assessor Jürgen Beck

13th Senate: Statutory pension insurance (together with the 5th Senate)

Chairwoman Sabine Knickrehm
Assessor Stefan Gasser
Assessor Jens Kaltenstein
Assessor Ingrid Bergner

14th Senate: Basic security for job seekers (together with the 4th Senate)

Chairman Peter Becker
Assessor Bernd Schütze
Assessor Karin Hannappel
Assessor Thomas Flint

Presidents and Vice Presidents

President of the Federal Social Court
No. Name (life data) Beginning of the term of office Term expires
1 Joseph Schneider (1900–1986) July 20, 1954 October 31, 1968
2 Georg Wannagat (1916-2006) January 28, 1969 June 30, 1984
3 Heinrich Reiter (* 1930) July 1, 1984 August 31, 1995
4th Matthias von Wulffen (* 1942) September 1, 1995 December 31, 2007
5 Peter Masuch (* 1951) January 1, 2008 September 30, 2016
6th Rainer Schlegel (* 1958) October 1, 2016
Vice President of the Federal Social Court ( 1 )
No. Name (life data) Beginning of the term of office Term expires
1 Franz Krause (1889–1984) July 20, 1954 March 31, 1957
2 Gustav Brockhoff (1895–1967) April 1, 1957 June 30, 1963
3 Fritz Berndt (1897–1991) July 1, 1963 April 30, 1965
4th Walter Bogs (1899–1991) May 1, 1965 April 30, 1967
5 Paul White (1899–?) May 1, 1967 October 31, 1967
6th Kurt Brackmann (1912–1992) November 1, 1967 ( 2 ) May 31, 1980
7th Erwin Brocke (1921-2004) August 28, 1980 January 31, 1988
8th Otto Ernst Krasney (* 1932) February 1, 1988 December 31, 1997
9 Ingeborg Wolff (* 1938) January 1, 1998 July 31, 2003
10 Ruth Wetzel-Steinwedel (* 1948) August 27, 2003 August 31, 2013
11 Rainer Schlegel (* 1958) July 9, 2014 September 30, 2016
12 Thomas Voelzke (* 1956) 20th June 2017
1 Until January 31, 1976 there was no Vice-President, only a "permanent representative of the President".
2 as Vice President from February 1, 1976


The building in 1958

The neoclassical building on Graf-Bernadotte-Platz was constructed from 1936 according to plans by Ernst Wendel as a service building for the military district command IX and inaugurated on May 11, 1938. The building with the representative portico has a monumental design and, with the courtyard of honor and the flag hall, contains typical elements of public architecture under National Socialism . In front of the house there are two sculptures by Joseph Wackerle who tamper with horses . In 1943 Christine Brückner was drafted into military district command IX.

When Kassel came into consideration as the federal capital of the Federal Republic, the parliament and the chancellery were to be set up in the building . This did not happen, but the former royal seat of Kassel received two federal courts, which were housed in this building.

After German reunification , the Federal Labor Court was relocated to Erfurt, so that since 1999 only the Federal Social Court has been housed in the building. In 2008–2009 the building was renovated under the direction of the Junk & Reich architects' office. The entrance area was moved south to Wilhelmshöher Allee and a new conference room was built in the inner courtyard in order to break the power architecture of National Socialism and make the conference room transparent.

The building is still popularly referred to as the “General Command”. Today it is a cultural monument of the state of Hesse.

Official costume

The official costume for the judges and the clerks at the Federal Social Court was determined by the order of the Federal President about the official costume at the Federal Labor Court and the Federal Social Court . It consists of an official robe and a beret . A wide white necktie with drooping ends is worn with the crimson official robe, with the exception of clerks who wear a simple white necktie. The trimmings on the official robe and beret depend on the function. For judges, the trimmings are made of silk. For the notary staff, the trimmings are made of wool. The President of the Federal Social Court wears three gold cords on the beret, the presiding judge at the Federal Social Court two gold cords and the judge at the Federal Social Court two crimson cords. The collar and beret are rarely worn, however.

Soft house

Soft House (2016)

On the occasion of the renovation of the courthouse in 2008–2009, a two-stage art-in-building competition was held across the EU. The work of the Munich artist Gabriele Obermaier was selected, realized and installed from among 249 participants. Under the title “Soft House” it depicts the courthouse, scaled down and alienated. It is a cast aluminum measuring 660 × 530 × 280 centimeters and is about 40 meters away on the meadow in front of the new south main entrance. The defiance and severity of the building erected by the fascists are shaken. The pillars lose their rigidity and symbolism. After relocating the main entrance during the renovation from the monumental east side to the plain south side, Martin Seidel calls the Weiche Haus the "renewed, this time artistic 'denazification' of the building".


See also

Web links

Commons : Federal Social Court  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. Social Court Act, Section 38, Paragraph 3 - Institution
  2. Federal Social Court - Division of responsibilities 2015 ( Memento from May 30, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on May 21, 2015; PDF).
  3. Business distribution plan of the Federal Social Court 2017 ( Memento of March 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on March 17, 2017).
  4. Information on the Federal Social Court. In: marcopolo.de. Retrieved December 13, 2017.
  5. ^ General Command - Regiowiki (accessed October 2, 2012).
  6. Text of the arrangement (PDF; 20 kB).
  7. Gabriele Obermaier: Soft House 2009. Retrieved September 27, 2018 .
  8. Gabriele Obermaier: "Soft House". Aluminum casting, 2009. In: Documentation from 50 Kunst-am-Bau-Werken, p. 305. Accessed on September 27, 2018 .

Coordinates: 51 ° 18 ′ 53 "  N , 9 ° 26 ′ 58"  E