Federal Social Court
|position||Federal Supreme Court|
|Consist||since September 11, 1954|
|Headquarters||Kassel , Hesse ( SGG )|
|management||Rainer Schlegel , President of the Federal Social Court|
The Federal Social Court (BSG) in Kassel is the highest court of social justice in Germany and thus, alongside the Federal Labor Court , Federal Fiscal Court , Federal Court of Justice and Federal Administrative Court, one of the five highest federal courts . It opened on September 11, 1954. The first public meeting took place on March 23, 1955.
As an authority , the Federal Social Court - like the Federal Labor Court - is subordinate to the Federal Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs and is subject to its general supervision . However , it is independent in its work as a court .
The Federal Social Court was established on the basis of Basic Law on September 11, 1954. The Social Courts and Regional Social Courts had already been established by the Social Justice Act (SGG) of August 3, 1953.
As a court of appeal, the BSG decides on appeals against judgments of the regional social courts or - if the appeal was not admitted - on non-admission complaints . If the only instanzlich competent Social Court , the leap-frog approved and the parties agree, the BSG checked in rarer cases, judgments of the social courts. In addition, it is first and last instance responsible for disputes of a non-constitutional nature between the federal government and the states or between different states in matters of social insurance and other legal disputes assigned to social justice.
Court organization and tribunal
The panels of the BSG are called Senates . They are each staffed with three professional judges and two honorary judges . 14 Senates have existed since July 2007. The Grand Senate also exists as a special panel . The proportion of women among professional judges is currently (as of 2015) with 11 out of 42 people 26 percent.
As of 2017, the division of responsibilities is as follows (responsibilities shown in simplified form):
1st Senate: Health Insurance
2nd Senate: Accident Insurance
- Chairman Wolfgang Spellbrink
- Assessor Susanne Hüttmann-Stoll
- Assessor Carsten Karmanski
- Assessor Dirk Bieresborn
- Chairman Hans-Jürgen Kretschmer
- Assessor Andreas Schriever
- Assessor Dagmar Oppermann
- Assessor Ursula Waßer
4th Senate: Basic security for job seekers (together with the 14th Senate)
5th Senate: Statutory pension insurance (together with the 13th Senate)
- Chairman Josef Berchtold
- Assessor Liselotte Günniker
- Assessor Bernhard Koloczek
- Assessor Anne Körner
6. Senate: Contractual (dental) medical law
7th Senate: Asylum Seekers Benefits Act
8th Senate: social assistance
10th Senate: Old-age insurance for farmers; Federal Education Allowance Act ; Federal Parental Allowance and Parental Leave Act ; Child benefit law ; Legal protection in the event of lengthy court proceedings
12. Senate: Contribution and membership law for health insurance, long-term care insurance, pension insurance and unemployment insurance
- Chairman President of the Federal Social Court Rainer Schlegel
- Assessor Norbert Bernsdorff
- Assessor Andreas Heinz
- Assessor Christian Mecke
- Assessor Jürgen Beck
13th Senate: Statutory pension insurance (together with the 5th Senate)
- Chairwoman Sabine Knickrehm
- Assessor Stefan Gasser
- Assessor Jens Kaltenstein
- Assessor Ingrid Bergner
14th Senate: Basic security for job seekers (together with the 4th Senate)
Presidents and Vice Presidents
|No.||Name (life data)||Beginning of the term of office||Term expires|
|1||Joseph Schneider (1900–1986)||July 20, 1954||October 31, 1968|
|2||Georg Wannagat (1916-2006)||January 28, 1969||June 30, 1984|
|3||Heinrich Reiter (* 1930)||July 1, 1984||August 31, 1995|
|4th||Matthias von Wulffen (* 1942)||September 1, 1995||December 31, 2007|
|5||Peter Masuch (* 1951)||January 1, 2008||September 30, 2016|
|6th||Rainer Schlegel (* 1958)||October 1, 2016|
|No.||Name (life data)||Beginning of the term of office||Term expires|
|1||Franz Krause (1889–1984)||July 20, 1954||March 31, 1957|
|2||Gustav Brockhoff (1895–1967)||April 1, 1957||June 30, 1963|
|3||Fritz Berndt (1897–1991)||July 1, 1963||April 30, 1965|
|4th||Walter Bogs (1899–1991)||May 1, 1965||April 30, 1967|
|5||Paul White (1899–?)||May 1, 1967||October 31, 1967|
|6th||Kurt Brackmann (1912–1992)||November 1, 1967 ( 2 )||May 31, 1980|
|7th||Erwin Brocke (1921-2004)||August 28, 1980||January 31, 1988|
|8th||Otto Ernst Krasney (* 1932)||February 1, 1988||December 31, 1997|
|9||Ingeborg Wolff (* 1938)||January 1, 1998||July 31, 2003|
|10||Ruth Wetzel-Steinwedel (* 1948)||August 27, 2003||August 31, 2013|
|11||Rainer Schlegel (* 1958)||July 9, 2014||September 30, 2016|
|12||Thomas Voelzke (* 1956)||20th June 2017|
The neoclassical building on Graf-Bernadotte-Platz was constructed from 1936 according to plans by Ernst Wendel as a service building for the military district command IX and inaugurated on May 11, 1938. The building with the representative portico has a monumental design and, with the courtyard of honor and the flag hall, contains typical elements of public architecture under National Socialism . In front of the house there are two sculptures by Joseph Wackerle who tamper with horses . In 1943 Christine Brückner was drafted into military district command IX.
When Kassel came into consideration as the federal capital of the Federal Republic, the parliament and the chancellery were to be set up in the building . This did not happen, but the former royal seat of Kassel received two federal courts, which were housed in this building.
After German reunification , the Federal Labor Court was relocated to Erfurt, so that since 1999 only the Federal Social Court has been housed in the building. In 2008–2009 the building was renovated under the direction of the Junk & Reich architects' office. The entrance area was moved south to Wilhelmshöher Allee and a new conference room was built in the inner courtyard in order to break the power architecture of National Socialism and make the conference room transparent.
The building is still popularly referred to as the “General Command”. Today it is a cultural monument of the state of Hesse.
The official costume for the judges and the clerks at the Federal Social Court was determined by the order of the Federal President about the official costume at the Federal Labor Court and the Federal Social Court . It consists of an official robe and a beret . A wide white necktie with drooping ends is worn with the crimson official robe, with the exception of clerks who wear a simple white necktie. The trimmings on the official robe and beret depend on the function. For judges, the trimmings are made of silk. For the notary staff, the trimmings are made of wool. The President of the Federal Social Court wears three gold cords on the beret, the presiding judge at the Federal Social Court two gold cords and the judge at the Federal Social Court two crimson cords. The collar and beret are rarely worn, however.
On the occasion of the renovation of the courthouse in 2008–2009, a two-stage art-in-building competition was held across the EU. The work of the Munich artist Gabriele Obermaier was selected, realized and installed from among 249 participants. Under the title “Soft House” it depicts the courthouse, scaled down and alienated. It is a cast aluminum measuring 660 × 530 × 280 centimeters and is about 40 meters away on the meadow in front of the new south main entrance. The defiance and severity of the building erected by the fascists are shaken. The pillars lose their rigidity and symbolism. After relocating the main entrance during the renovation from the monumental east side to the plain south side, Martin Seidel calls the Weiche Haus the "renewed, this time artistic 'denazification' of the building".
- Matthias von Wulffen , Otto Ernst Krasney : Festschrift 50 Years of the Federal Social Court. Verlag CH Beck, 1st edition, Munich 2004, ISBN 3-452-25516-6
- Peter Masuch / Wolfgang Spellbrink / Ulrich Becker / Stephan Leibfried (eds.): Fundamentals and challenges of the welfare state. Memorandum 60 years of the Federal Social Court. Volume 1. Characteristics and future of social policy and social law , Berlin 2014. Foreword
- List of German courts
- List of judges at the Federal Social Court
- Social insurance , war victims' benefits
- Internet presence of the Federal Social Court
- Overview of the case law of the Federal Social Court
- Business distribution plan of the Federal Social Court (PDF)
- Information brochure of the Federal Social Court (PDF)
- Social Court Act, Section 38, Paragraph 3 - Institution
- Federal Social Court - Division of responsibilities 2015 ( Memento from May 30, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on May 21, 2015; PDF).
- Business distribution plan of the Federal Social Court 2017 ( Memento of March 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) (accessed on March 17, 2017).
- Information on the Federal Social Court. In: marcopolo.de. Retrieved December 13, 2017.
- General Command - Regiowiki (accessed October 2, 2012).
- Text of the arrangement (PDF; 20 kB).
- Gabriele Obermaier: Soft House 2009. Retrieved September 27, 2018 .
- Gabriele Obermaier: "Soft House". Aluminum casting, 2009. In: Documentation from 50 Kunst-am-Bau-Werken, p. 305. Accessed on September 27, 2018 .