State and University Library Bremen
|State and University Library Bremen|
|Duration||approx. 3.4 million printed volumes (end of 2016)|
|Library type||State and University Library|
DE-46 (State and University Library Bremen)
DE-46a (Branch library at Bremerhaven University of Applied Sciences)
|management||Maria Elisabeth Müller|
The State and University Library Bremen (SuUB) is the scientific library of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen , the University of Bremen and the state universities in the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen with around 32,000 students and around 1,450 lecturers and scientists. It is based in Bremen .
In its dual function as state library and university library, the library provides users and institutions from the state of Bremen and the Lower Weser region with scientific and regionally related literature. Special collecting areas were journalism and journalism as well as mass communication and the theory and history of the press within the framework of funding from the German Research Foundation up to and including 1997. As a library for the country Bremen collects Bremensien . As the archive and state library of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, it exercises the right to deposit copies. Around 95% of all media acquired from 1966 onwards are included in the online catalog.
In 1628 Gerlach Buxdorff , Bremer Syndicus , left his books to the city. In 1646 the Bremen council bought the books and manuscripts of the scholar Melchior Goldast von Haiminsfeld . This included 2,000 volumes, u. a. the famous pericopes of Henry III. In 1660 these holdings became the Bibliotheka Bremensis , Bremer's first scientific, public library in the Dominican monastery of St. Katharinen , the seat of the Latin school founded in 1528 and expanded into an illustrious high school in 1610 . At the end of the 18th century, the holdings were taken over by Johann Philipp Cassel . These regionally and locally interesting holdings form the heart of the Bremen collection.
The librarian Johann Georg Kohl produced a comprehensive catalog between 1863 and 1878. The librarian Heinrich Bulthaupt managed to have a new building built. In 1897 the library building, which was designed by the architect Johann Georg Poppe , was built and inaugurated on Breitenweg (today the CinemaxX cinema) .
From May 1, 1922 until the departure in 1940, the headquarters of the reading hall in Bremen had to relocate its operations to the basement of the State Library, as the assets of the sponsoring association had been completely drained due to inflation and the state only marginally supported the continued existence.
In 1927 the scientific city library was named Bremen State Library
In the course of the national socialist control of the synchronization of the entire literature business, a reorganization of the library system also took place in Bremen between 1933 and 1937. Right at the beginning, the reading room was nationalized. The director of the State Library, Hinrich Knittermeyer , took over provisional management until 1936 and "cleaned up" the holdings by 25% in accordance with National Socialist ideology - from 29,000 to 22,000 volumes.
In 1939 the State Library had 284,000 volumes, 218 incunabula and 1,660 manuscripts. Valuable holdings were relocated during the war, including to Wernigerode Castle . The library building was hit by bombs in 1944 and poorly repaired. From 1945 to 1950, Hermann Entholt was director of the rebuilding of the library. In 1948 the State Library was able to resume operations after the repatriation of many of the relocated holdings. The stocks that remained in the GDR and those stored in the Soviet Union ( Tbilisi University Library , Georgia ) could be returned from 1989 onwards. Only in 1998 and 2000 did further holdings of valuable 575 manuscripts from Yerevan ( Armenia ) follow . Store other outsourced stocks and a. still in St. Petersburg , Moscow and Tomsk .
By 1964 the State Library had a collection of 350,000 volumes. In 1965, when the university was founded, it was decided that the future university library would be connected to the existing state library. The director of the State Library, Rolf Kluth , developed the concept of a scientific library with a substantial collection in an open access list . The users, the advising librarians and the free-standing books should be on the same floor level so that the contact between them could be as seamless as possible. In 1975 the new building on the university campus was inaugurated.
In 1982, the library was given the task of supplying the Bremen universities with literature.
The old building on Breitenweg served the Überseemuseum as a warehouse for a few years until it had to give way to a large cinema in 1999.
Media and users
In 2015 around 42,000 active users visited the library and there were 2,122,975 loans including renewals.
The printed and electronic information offer (as of 2016) consists of 3,449,333 volumes (books, magazines and newspapers), 235,745 dissertations , 5,494 cards, 14,167 rare books, 184 incunabula , 75,151 notes, 82,036 audiovisual materials, 5,745 printed journals and 38,709 electronic journals that are always available.
The historical holdings today include 2,063 manuscripts , 3,800 historical maps and views, 84 Greek papyri , 64 bequests and an extensive collection of autographs. Around 70,000 bibliographical units were printed before 1899.
In 2015, 67,236 new media worth approx. 7.2 million euros acquired.
In the main building there are a total of 490 workplaces, including 186 internet workplaces, 23 individual work rooms and 5 group work rooms with 72 places.
The SuUB has the following special offers:
- Electronic library (E-LIB) - search engine as library catalog with electronic journals and access to around 60 million media (as of 2014)
- Specialized Information Service Political Science (together with the GESIS Leibniz Institute for Social Sciences Cologne - under development DFG project 2016–2018)
- Digital collections (retro-digitized historical inventory) and digital historical map collection (over 3,800)
- Use of the library: introductions and training courses
- Media library for audiovisual media playback, recording and copying options
- Location catalog of the German press with one of the largest German-language newspaper collections on microfilm
- Cibera: Ibero-America Specialized Virtual Library
- Collection of medieval (124) and modern (approx. 480) manuscripts (over 2,000), rarities and Greek papyri (84)
- Bremen collection
- Collection of autographs (more than 4,000 pieces)
- Incunabula Collection (184 pieces)
- approx. 70 estates
- approx. 3,800 historical maps and approx. 700 portraits
- As early as the early 1990s, the SuUB Bremen was one of the first libraries in Germany to begin the systematic search for so-called cultural assets that were confiscated as a result of Nazi persecution (including books of Jewish provenance).
On the basis of structural plans from 1965 by the head of the then Bremen State Library, Rolf Kluth, the university library was designed by the University Building Department (architects Eberhard Kaiser, Roland Kutzki ; interior designer Rainer Tietmann) and built from 1971 to the end of 1974.
The five-story building on the central axis of the university is a rectangular building measuring around 70 × 80 meters on the upper floors. The reinforced concrete structure has a shell grid of the rounded columns of 7.20 meters and an expansion grid offset by 0.60 meters for the flexible walls of 1.20 meters. A considerable technical expansion with air conditioning systems, conveyor systems, safety systems, vacuum cleaning systems, and rolling shelving systems was necessary. The air conditioning required for the size of the room and the assignment of the library staff in the individual rooms without corridor separation on levels 2 and 3 did not meet with broad approval from these employees from the start.
The building was designed for a capacity of around 2 million volumes (with a compact arrangement of 2.5 million volumes), of which over 0.8 million volumes should be accessible hands-free. In addition, up to 200 employees and around 750 reading spaces were created.
The following are accommodated:
- on level 0 the magazine with its heavy mobile shelving system for the books, the administration of the book processing and the technology.
- on level 1 the entrance with the lending desk, the central information (central catalogs, bibliographic apparatus) and separated from it to the east and north with the administrative areas as well as a hall on the west side
- On levels 2 and 3, in addition to central specialist information, there is the hand-held book inventory and the spaces for the relevant specialist staff and users at the edges
- on level 4 the special areas of German press research with magazines, manuscripts and incunabula as well as the recording studios and music media. An original roof garden did not find the expected acceptance.
In the 1990s, a planned expansion of the magazine took place on level 0.
The library was technically modernized from 2002 to 2004 as part of a funding concept for the “energetic improvement of the building fabric”. The energy saving potentials of fully air-conditioned buildings from the 1960s and 1970s were shown. The entire renovation measures were financed with EUR 14.5 million by the federal government and the state of Bremen. The primary goals of the renovation were to reduce energy consumption by more than 50%. From 2013 to 2014 the magazine reading room and the entrance area were renovated. The aim of the renovation measures is to expand the cloakroom area, to redesign the magazine reading room, to set up a group learning room with multimedia equipment and to set up a small cafeteria.
In November 2016, the library received a four-story book tower to hold around 725,000 books, which are set up on mobile shelves. The white, expandable building was erected over the roof of the magazine according to plans by Jens Kruse.
The State and University Library Bremen is located on the campus of the University of Bremen. With the Bremen Technology Park, the campus forms almost a separate district on the outskirts of Bremen and is conveniently located on the A27 with its own exit. The university can also be easily reached by bus (lines 20, 21, 22, 28, 630, 670) or tram. There are three tram line 6 stops on campus .
The library is housed in a central building. In addition to the main building (Uni; Bibliothekstrasse) there are nine other decentralized locations:
- of the departmental libraries
- for economics (Uni - Hochschulring 4),
- physics and electrical engineering (Uni - NW 1),
- the Juridicum of Law (Uni - GW 1),
- for mathematics and for computer science (Uni - MZH) and
- the branch libraries
The user can obtain information from the central information office, the lending office, interlibrary loan, the specialist advisors in the departments, information technology and the library's press and public relations office (for current addresses, see the WEB)
The SuUB was headed by Rolf Kluth when it was founded . She is currently headed by Maria Elisabeth Müller with the Departments for Use and Administration as well as the department heads for natural sciences, social sciences, cultural sciences and the special department and the information technology department.
The electronic library of the State and University Library Bremen is a virtual library that has existed since 1998 , which makes available both the physically existing library holdings of the SuUB Bremen as well as free or licensed electronic media . For more information, see there.
- 1965–1977 Dr. Rolf Kluth
- 1982–1992 Dr. Hans-Albrecht Koch
- 1992–1993 Senate Director Egon Ditt
- 1993-2003 Annette Rath-Beckmann
- 2003–2006 Claudia Bodem (acting head)
- since 2006 Maria Elisabeth Müller
- Wolfgang Budach: State and University Library Bremen. In: Rolf Fuhlrott, Gerhard Liebers & Franz-Heinrich Philipp (eds.): New library buildings in the Federal Republic of Germany. 1968-1983. Special issue 39 of the magazine for libraries and bibliography . Klostermann, Frankfurt 1983, ISBN 3-465-01567-3 , pp. 37-46.
- Thomas Elsmann: From the Bibliotheca Bremensis to the state and university library: a historical outline. In: Thomas Elsmann (Hrsg.): Returned treasures of the State and University Library Bremen. Writings of the State and University Library Bremen 4. Bremen 1998, pp. 19–38.
- Rolf Kluth : From the State Library to the University Library. In: Yearbook of Wittheit zu Bremen 19. Bremen 1975, pp. 207–216.
- Hans-Albrecht Koch : On the reorganization of the State and University Library Bremen. In: Reinhard Oberschelp & Karl-Heinz Weimann (ed.): Libraries in the service of science. Festschrift for Wilhelm Totok on his 65th birthday on September 12, 1986. Klostermann, Frankfurt 1986, ISBN 3-465-01735-8 , pp. 47–70.
- Roland Kutzki : Experience report on the university library from the architect's point of view. In: Central University Library. Munich 1980.
- Annette Rath-Beckmann: The Bremen State Library as a state library: Insight into the past, present and future from the perspective of its librarians. In: Dorothee Reissmann (Ed.): History, present and future of the library. Festschrift for Konrad Marwinski on his 65th birthday. Saur, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-598-11438-9 , pp. 145-155.
- Hans Wegener (Ed.): Contributions to the history of the Bremen State Library. Schünemann, Bremen 1952.
- Thomas Elsmann, Maria Elisabeth Müller, Uwe Staroske (eds.): From the Katharinen monastery to the university campus: Bremen's scientific literature supply since 1660 . Festschrift for the 350th anniversary of the Bremen State and University Library . Edition Temmen , Bremen 2010, ISBN 978-3-8378-1018-9 .
- Erwin Miedtke: Arthur Heidenhain, the first librarian of the "reading hall in Bremen" from 1901-1933. An appreciation. In: Bremisches Jahrbuch, Volume 96, 2017, pp. 79–101
- Christian König: It started with a pile of books ... Mainz University Press, Mainz 2018, ISBN 978-3-8471-0928-0 , p. 96 ( google.de [accessed December 18, 2019]).
- Information on the project "Nazi looted property" on the website of the State and University Library Bremen.
- Mathematics - FB3 - Uni Bremen - Libraries. In: www.math.uni-bremen.de. Archived from the original ; accessed on May 1, 2016 .
- Personalia , Bibliotheksdienst, Volume 40, Issue 4, pp. 489 f., Doi: 10.1515 / volume 2006.40.4.489