Friedrich von Ahlefeldt (landlord, 1623)

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Friedrich von Ahlefeldt (1623–1686)

Friedrich von Ahlefeldt (* 1623 in Søgård ; † July 7, 1686 in Copenhagen ) was the Danish liege count of Langeland and a politician in the Danish service.


Friedrich von Ahlefeldt from the Gravensteiner (Danish: Gråsten) line of the Holstein noble family Ahlefeldt stood, mediated by his father-in-law, Count Christian zu Rantzau, as a diplomat in Danish service since 1657. In 1663 he became governor of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein as his successor and was awarded the Order of the Elephants in the same year . In addition, he was bailiff at Steinburg and governor in Süderdithmarschen . Since October 30, 1665 he had a benefice as canon of Lübeck.

The Vienna Count's Diploma from 1665

On December 14, 1665, he was raised to the rank of count in Vienna by Emperor Leopold I. No source has yet been found for the alleged addition in the diploma that he should get hold of imperial territory. It can be stated that in 1665 the Viennese Empire had long since ceased to have the right to appoint real imperial counts with imperial status (just as little as knights of the imperial knighthood). That Frederick referred to by Ahlefeldt in as many places as Count, may be because that Danish sources him " rigsgreve call", which they, however, "Count of St.. Roman Empire" as opposed to the Danish, introduced in 1671 Lehnsgrafen mine.

Provided with a Viennese count's diploma - valid throughout the HRR - it was possible for each of these counts, who were still low-nobility, to strive for an increase in rank to the rank of imperial counts. Several steps were necessary for this: of course, the aspirant had to dispose of an imperial immediate territory. However, this also had to be of imperial quality and size, have a chancellery or a government apparatus and, in addition to blood jurisdiction, be provided with certain regulations: customs rights / mountain shelf etc.

Ahlefeldt was only able to find such a small territory outside of Denmark, which was also not part of the German Empire and thus could not offer any imperial territory. He did not succeed in this in the Duchy of Holstein. That in 1669 he bought the tiny but imperial direct rule of Rixingen ( Réchicourt ) in the diocese of Metz, which is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the county, from Count Ludwig Eberhard von Leiningen -Westerburg-Rixingen (1624–1688), President of the Imperial Court of Justice in Speyer , since the Leiningen counts were, can be attributed to his ignorance, since neither Rixingen nor the Freiherrschaft Mörsberg (Morimont), in Upper Alsace, which he additionally acquired, did not jointly show the above-described imperial class quality. It is not yet possible to document whether he has ever requested admission formally or at all from the nearest Reichskreis.

Perhaps it also plays a role in the hopelessness of Ahlefeldt's efforts that Rixingen belonged to the French kingdom after 1661, when it was still on imperial territory, from 1662 to 1871.

In any case, both lordships were sold in 1703 by his only son from his second marriage and successor in Rixingen and Mörsberg, Carl von Ahlefeldt (1670–1722), to his brother-in-law, Count Friedrich Ludwig von Nassau zu Ottweiler . In 1680 he married Friedrich's daughter, "Countess" Christina von Ahlefeldt (1659–1695). The fact that she is called "Countess" in Danish sources should be an indication that her father was not given the title of Count in Vienna "ad personam ". As the daughter of a Danish liege, she was entitled to the title of "Countess".

In Danish service

Under the Danish King Christian V , Ahlefeldt was a secret budget and district administrator and 1676–1686 royal grand chancellor (Danish "Storkansler"). Together with Detlev von Ahlefeldt , Ahlefeldt was ambassador to the Berlin court, where he concluded an offensive alliance with the Electorate of Brandenburg against Sweden . On June 20, 1672 he became Danish liege of Langeland . There his wife Margrethe Dorothea von Rantzau inherited the Tranekær Castle in Tranekær Sogn in 1663 , which is still owned by the Counts Ahlefeldt-Laurvig.

He was a bearer of the Dannebrog Order and Knight of the Elephant Order . In 1676 he was one of those who overthrew Peder Schumacher, liege count of Griffenfeld in 1673 , the long-time adviser to King Christian V.


Friedrich von Ahlefeldt was married to Margarethe Dorothea Countess zu Rantzau (* February 28, 1643, † October 22, 1665), the daughter of Count Christian zu Rantzau , in his first marriage since 1656 . The couple had the following children:

⚭ 1687 Christiane Gyldenløve (7 July 1672 - 12 September 1689)
⚭ 1695 Armgard Margareta Reventlow (* August 17, 1678 - January 7, 1709)

In his second marriage he married Marie Elisabeth von Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg (* March 10, 1648, † April 13, 1724). The following children came from this marriage:

  • Carl (April 25, 1670 - September 7, 1722) ⚭ Ulrike Antoinette von Danneskiold-Laurvig (1686–1755)
  • Charlotte Sibylle (born August 31, 1672; † February 17, 1726) ⚭ Georg Ludwig zu Solms-Rödelheim (born September 28, 1664; † December 5, 1716)
  • Sophie Amalie (June 12, 1675; † February 24, 1741) ⚭ Friedrich Wilhelm von Augustenburg (1668–1714)


  • Leopold Freiherr von Zedlitz-Neukirch: New Prussian noble lexicon or genealogical and diplomatic news , first volume. Leipzig 1836, p. 87.
  • Louis von Ahlefeldt, Wulf August von Rumohr Drilles: The Schleswig-Holstein knighthood. A contribution to the nobility history of Germany and Denmark. Book 1: The von Ahlefeldt family. Heiberg, Schleswig 1869, p. 11 ( digitized version ).
  • Reich register for Turkish aid in 1532: https: //wikisource.Hernach_volgend_die_Zehen_Kreyss , p. 9, All Rheingrafen with Mr. Philips von Oberstein zu Rixingen
  • Reich register from 1740/1742 in: : Reich register: Oberrheinischer Kreyss: Leiningen-Rixingen
  • fr.wikipé / wiki / Réchicourt_Le_Château, where it is noted that Ahlefeldt pays homage to the King of France in 1681 for "the county of Réchicourt" (false for rule)

Web links

Commons : Friedrich von Ahlefeldt (1623–1686)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Illustrated website for Rixingen Castle (French)
  2. Ulrike Antoinette von Danneskiold-Laurvig at