The lover's mood

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Title: The lover's mood
Genus: Shepherd game in verse
Original language: German
Author: Johann Wolfgang Goethe
Publishing year: 1806
Premiere: May 20, 1779
Place of premiere: Ettersburg
  • Egle
  • Amines
  • Eridon
  • Lamon

The lover's mood is a shepherd's game in verses by Johann Wolfgang Goethe from the years 1767–1768. On May 20, 1779 it was premiered in Ettersburg with Goethe in the role of Eridon and music by Karl Siegmund von Seckendorff in front of the Weimar court society. The first print was available in 1806.


The whim of the amorous Eridon is called jealousy. Egle and Amine , two young girls, confess they love shepherds. Egle loves Lamon , Amine the capricious Eridon, who flees the dance and the lover “does not suffer at any party”. Amine laments their love affair:

"If I hadn't given him so much power over me,
He would live happier and I would live happier ”.

Amine is weaving a wreath of flowers for the nearby dance festival. Egle lends her a hand. She knows what the love between Amine and Eridon is like:

“One can be very calm and yet love very tenderly”.

It turns out that these are not empty words. In keeping with the last claim, her shepherd Lamon comes and brings material for the wreath - a ribbon. The couple shows the unfortunate amines how an intact partnership can work. Lamon admits to Egle on the side that he has just kissed someone else. Egle remains very calm :

"Come on, give me the kiss from your Chloris again".

Lamon does. The viewer Amine cannot approve of Egles behavior - Eridon should not kiss a strange girl. Lamon also sees through the relationship of the other shepherd couple, just like his Egle:

"I can tell you are fighting each other".

At the height of the jealousies, Amine takes the wreaths out of her hair and ... throws them away . Egle balances the relationship by sobering Eridon in her own way. Before doing this, she ensures that Amine gives her consent. When Egle is alone with Eridon, she takes his hand, poses more and more tenderly and leans on his shoulder. The pretense works immediately: he takes her hand and kisses it. Eridon is convicted; he is also not flawless and his jealousy was inappropriate. The last appearance with Amine takes place. Egle opens up the unheard of incident to her. The happy ending - Amine overcomes:

"Come to the party!"

Eridon, who doesn't like dance events, can't help it and gives in:

"I must.
A kiss taught me ”.


Deetjen (22) quotes a letter from Göchhausen dated May 21, 1779 to Goethe's mother : Yesterday Mr. Go Leg. Rath a shepherd's game, Die Launen der Verliebten, listed here, which he said he had done in his 18th year and made little changes to it. It consisted of only 4 people, who were the Doctor, Einsiedel , Miss. Woelwarth and Mlle. Schroeder presented. It is from an act, with a few arias, which Chamberlain Seckendorff composed. It was played very well, and we were happy and in good spirits all day.

Deetjen (178) quotes from Robert Keil : Frau Rath. Leipzig 1871 , pp. 140ff .: “Die Laune des Verliebten” was written in 1767. The premiere took place on May 20, 1779. Goethe gave the Eridon, Einsiedel the Lamon, Corona Schröter the Egle, while the Amine was given by Marianne von Wöllwarth, a lady-in-waiting of the Duchess Luise .


"More serious, innocent, but painful feelings of youth force themselves, are considered and expressed ... The mood of the lover is of the first type of work "

- Goethe : diaries and annual books. From 1764 to 1769

“I imagined her [Ännchen's] situation, mine and, on the other hand, the contented condition of another couple from our society so often and so awkwardly that I finally could not resist treating this situation dramatically to an agonizing and instructive penance . From this arose the oldest of my surviving dramatic works, the little piece 'Die Laune des Verliebten', whose innocent nature also shows the urge of a simmering passion. "

- Goethe : From my life. Poetry and truth . Second part. Seventh book


Secondary literature

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Johann Wolfgang Goethe: All works based on the epochs of his work. Munich edition . Ed .: Karl Richter u. a. tape 1.1 . Carl Hanser Verlag, Munich / Vienna 1985, p. 908 : “ The lover's whim was written between February 1767 and April 1768. The young G. has seldom worked on a work for so long. "