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The Immergrüne Partie is a chess game between Adolf Anderssen and Jean Dufresne that was played in Berlin in July 1852 . Because of the brilliant final combination, it was reprinted in countless publications.


The later world chess champion Wilhelm Steinitz called it, as can often be read, the "evergreen in the laurel wreath of the greatest German chess master". Apparently what is meant is evergreen , which from ancient times was woven into wreaths as a symbol of youth . The transferred meaning is expressed in the French name as "Ewigjunge Partie" ( La Toujours Jeune ). In an original source, Steinitz's remark ("An Evergreen in the laurel crown of the departed Chess hero.") Refers specifically to White's 19th move and the introduction of the following combination .

Anderssen - Dufresne

1. e2-e4 e7-e5 2. Ng1-f3 Nb8-c6 3. Bf1-c4 Bf8-c5 4. b2-b4 Bc5xb4

The Evans Gambit , a very popular opening at the time, in which White sacrificed a pawn for attack .

5. c2-c3 Bb4-a5 6. d2-d4 e5xd4 7. 0-0 d4-d3

Black does not capture on c3 in order not to allow the development of the white knight on this square, and because on the other hand White threatened to form an imposing pawn center with c3xd4.

8. Qd1-b3 Qd8-f6 9. e4-e5 Qf6-g6 10. Rf1-e1 Ng8-e7 11. Bc1-a3 b7-b5

For his part, Black sacrifices a pawn to advance the development of his queenside.

12. Qb3xb5 Ra8-b8 13. Qb5-a4 Ba5-b6 14. Nb1-d2 Bc8-b7 15. Nd2-e4 Qg6-f5 16. Bc4xd3 Qf5-h5

With his next move, White sacrifices a piece. The move 17. Ne4 – g3 would have been objectively stronger, but Anderssen had already planned the following combination in the game.

17. Ne4 – f6 + g7xf6 18. e5xf6 Rh8 – g8
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3 Chess blt45.svg Chess --t45.svg Chess plt45.svg Chess blt45.svg Chess --t45.svg Chess nlt45.svg Chess --t45.svg Chess --t45.svg 3
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1 Chess rlt45.svg Chess --t45.svg Chess --t45.svg Chess --t45.svg Chess rlt45.svg Chess --t45.svg Chess klt45.svg Chess --t45.svg 1
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Position after Black's 18th move

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In this position, Anderssen plays a move that looks like a gross mistake, because his opponent wins a piece with his next move because of the peg on the g- file and threatens a single checkmate on g2.

19. Ra1-d1 Qh5xf3

Dufresne can hardly be blamed for not seeing through Anderssen's intention. The white tower move that Steinitz and many other commentators praised is objectively dubious. After the 19th… Rg8 – g4 proposed by Paul Lipke in 1898, the following end of the game would not have occurred. Thereafter there is no clear gain for white, e.g. B. can follow 20. Bd3 – c4 Qh5 – f5 21.Rd1xd7 Ke8xd7 22. Nf3 – e5 + Kd7 – c8 23. Ne5xg4 Ne7 – d5 24. Qa4 – d1 Nd5xf6 25. Bc4 – d3 Qh5xg4 26. Qd1xg4 Nf6xg4 27. Bd3– f5 + Kc8 – d8 28. Re1 – d1 + Nc6 – d4 29. Bf5xg4 Bb7 – d5 30. c3xd4 Bd5xa2.

20. Re1xe7 + Nc6xe7

Dufresne allows a spectacular mate, but the better move 20.… Ke8 – d8 would not have saved him either, e. B. 21. Re7xd7 + Kd8 – c8 22. Rd7 – d8 + Kc8xd8 23. Bd3 – e2 + Nc6 – d4 24. Be2xf3 Bb7xf3 25. g2 – g3 Bf3xd1 26. Qa4xd1 c7 – c5 27. c3xd4 c5xd4 28. La3 – e7 + with winning position.

21. Da4xd7 + Ke8xd7 22. Bd3 – f5 + Kd7 – e8 23. Bf5 – d7 + Ke8 – f8 24. Ba3xe7 mate .

See also

Individual evidence

  1. Ludwig Bachmann : The game of chess and its historical development. Leipzig and Berlin 1924 (reprint Leipzig 1980), p. 99.
  2. Chess Player's Chronicle , May 1, 1879, p. 105; see Edward Winter : Chess Notes , No. 6420 ("The Evergreen Game")

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