Linda di Chamounix
|Title:||Linda di Chamounix|
Title page of the libretto, Vienna 1842
|Libretto :||Gaetano Rossi , Gustave Lemoine|
Adolphe d'Ennery :
La grâce de Dieu
|Premiere:||May 19, 1842|
|Place of premiere:||Theater am Kärntnertor , Vienna|
|Playing time:||approx. 2 ¼ hours|
|Place and time of the action:||Chamounix , Paris , around 1760|
First act: “La partenza da Chamounix” - The farewell to Chamounix
The interior of a peasant hut
Antonio, father of the pretty peasant girl Linda, has asked the Marchese Boisfleury for help in an economic need. He is ready to employ Linda as a maid, but wants to see her first. So he accompanies Antonio to his apartment.
Linda is secretly in love with the Visconte ( O luce di quest 'anima ). She does not know that he is not the poor painter Carlo, who he claims to be, but rather the Marchese's nephew. She is seized with premonitions when her old friend Pierotto sings a ballad in which a girl is betrayed ( Per sua madre andi una figlia ). The prefect imputes dishonorable intentions to the marquis, warns Antonio and offers to send Linda with Pierotto and other silk makers to the factory in Paris.
Second act: “Parigi” - Paris
Elegant apartment in a Parisian house
Linda gets into financial difficulties and makes her way as a street singer. Carlo travels to Linda, identifies himself as Visconte, promises her marriage and furnishes her with an elegant apartment. But the Marchese followed Linda and harassed her. But Linda rejects him ( Lo vi dico che partiate ). When Carlo, who does not say that he should marry someone else on the instructions of his mother, visits Linda, Antonio appears, who does not recognize his daughter at first. When he realizes who she is, he rejects her. Pierotto appears and reports on Carlos' wedding preparations. Linda goes mad ( Questa casa abandonate ).
Third act: "Il ritorno in Chamounix" - The return to Chamounix
Village square in the middle of the valley
Pierotto brings Linda back to the village, where her fate is widely regretted. But then the Visconte appears, who has since broken away from his family and frees them from madness by declaring his love for her. The whole village is celebrating and the young couple dreams of a carefree future ( Di tue pene sparve il sogno ).
The orchestral line-up for the opera includes the following instruments:
- Woodwinds : piccolo , two flutes , two oboes , two clarinets , two bassoons
- Brass : four horns , two trumpets , three trombones , ophikleide
- Timpani , percussion : bass drum , bell in a ', triangle
- Stage music : physharmonica , harp
Like many of Donizetti's operas, Linda di Chamounix , one of his late works, was very successful when it premiered in Vienna on May 19, 1842 with the celebrated Eugenia Tadolini in the lead role. The other roles were sung by Agostino Rovere (Marchese di Boisfleury), Napoleone Moriani (Visconte di Sirval), Prospero Derivis (Prefect), Felice Varesi (Antonio) and Marietta Brambilla (Pierotto).
Perhaps the most famous piece of the opera, Linda's Cavatine “O luce di quest'anima”, Donizetti only composed afterwards for a performance with Fanny Persiani in Paris.
In the following years it was played frequently in many European countries as well as in New York and Australia. After bel canto had almost completely disappeared from the stage in the second half of the 19th century, Arturo Toscanini rescued the opera from oblivion in 1902 at La Scala in Milan with Rosina Storchio in the title role. Until the middle of the 20th century there were regular performances, especially in Italy and at the New York Metropolitan Opera ; after that the opera disappeared from the repertoire for a long time. It has been played regularly since the 1950s.
- Margherita Carosio , Gianni Raimondi , Carlo Badioli , Giuseppe Modesti , Giuseppe Taddei , Milan Symphony Orchestra of the RAI , conductor: Alfredo Simonetto . Bongiovanni 1953.
- Antonietta Stella , Renato Capecchi , Fedora Barbieri , Giuseppe Modesti, Giuseppe Taddei, Orchestra del Teatro di San Carlo di Napoli , conducted by Tullio Serafin . Philips 1956.
- Edita Gruberová , Don Bernardini , Ettore Kim , Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, conductor: Friedrich Haider . Nightingale 1993.
- Majella Cullagh , Roberto Iuliano , Chiara Chialli , Giuseppe Altomare Bergamo Musica Festival Gaetano Donizetti Orchestra, conductor: Vito Clemente. Dynamic 2009.
- Eglise Gutierrez , Ludovic Tézier , Luciano Botelho , Covent Garden Orchestra, conducted by Mark Elder. Opera Rara 2010.
- William Ashbrook: Donizetti and his Operas . CUP, Cambridge 1982, ISBN 0-521-23526-X .
- Robert Steiner-Isenmann: Gaetano Donizetti. His life and his operas . Hallwag, Bern 1982, ISBN 3-444-10272-0 .
- Guglielmo Barblan: Gaetano Donizetti. Vita e opere di un musicista romantico . Società di Assicurazioni Liguria, Bergamo 1983.
- Linda di Chamounix : Sheet music and audio files in the International Music Score Library Project
- Libretto (Italian), Vienna 1842. Digital copy from the Austrian National Library
- Work information and libretto (Italian) as full text on librettidopera.it
- Linda di Chamounix (Gaetano Donizetti) in the Corago information system of the University of Bologna
- Discography on Linda di Chamounix at Operadis
- Norbert Miller : Linda di Chamounix. In: Piper's Encyclopedia of Musical Theater . Volume 2: Works. Donizetti - Henze. Piper, Munich / Zurich 1987, ISBN 3-492-02412-2 , pp. 37-40.
- Record of the performance on May 19, 1842 in Vienna in the Corago information system of the University of Bologna , accessed on July 25, 2019.
- Niel Rishoi: Linda di Chamounix - Donizetti's opera at the end of the romantic era. Booklet text for the Donizetti CD set : Linda di Chamounix with Edita Gruberova, Friedrich Haider u. a. Nightingale Classics, 1993. pp. 67-72, here: p. 71.