Ludwig Friedrich Heyd

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Ludwig Friedrich Heyd

Ludwig Friedrich Heyd (born February 19, 1792 in Bissingen , Enz; † March 6, 1842 in Markgröningen ) was a historian and theologian. During his activity as a Protestant pastor in Markgröningen, he published several works on the history of Württemberg and the city of Markgröningen.

Life and family

Heyd's parents were the princely councilor and Bissinger wood factor Karl Ferdinand Heyd (1755-1835) and Henriette Charlotte Luise, daughter of the Sindelfingen pastor Benjamin Hummel, who died on May 20, 1795. On April 10, 1796, Christophine Regina Zech von Liebenstein took her place as a stepmother. From the age of nine, Ludwig Heyd and his older brother attended the Eberhard-Ludwigs-Gymnasium in Stuttgart. In 1806 he entered the monastery school in Denkendorf and in 1808 in that of Maulbronn .

After his training at the Tübingen monastery , where he received his doctorate in history in 1812 and passed his first theological examination in 1815, he was a parish clerk in Althengstett near Calw until May 1816 . In the provinces, mentally underutilized, he went on an extensive educational trip through Germany, Austria and Italy in May 1816 with the support of his father, during which he met numerous intellectuals of his time. At the end of 1817 he became a repetitionist at the Tübingen monastery. In 1820 he came to Markgröningen as the “ helper ” of the pastor Johann Christian Glanz († 1823) and on November 26, 1820 married his daughter Wilhelmine Charlotte (1801–1867). In 1824, with the support of the community, he was appointed first pastor to succeed his father-in-law. A position that the historian and theologian, who is widely valued at his place of work, did not hold voluntarily until his death: he was refused a return to the academic world because his previously published works were politically inopportune.

Heyd had seven children with Wilhelmine, three of whom died early. When Heyd died in 1842, his son Wilhelm Heyd was only 19 years old. He also embarked on a spiritual career, but was only a pastor for a short time. In contrast to his father, he managed to turn his interest in history into a profession. He published a number of historical works and eventually became head of the State Library in Stuttgart .


Title of the facsimile edition of Ludwig Heyd's city history (1992)
Ludwig Heyd School in Markgröningen
Inscription for Ludwig Heyd and his wife Wilhelmine on the grave of the Glanz family in Markgröningen

Like the pastor and author of the Geography and Statistics Wirtembergs published in 1787 , Philipp Röder († 1831 in Walheim ), Heyd was passionate about the history of Württemberg, on which, in addition to numerous magazine articles, he also published several more extensive works:

Heyd pursued an intensive study of the sources and emphasized this - apparently as a nod to contemporary historians - in the subtitles of some of his works, which he consistently provided with footnotes. For his three-volume work on Duke Ulrich, he also researched archives in Switzerland and Mömpelgard .


Heyd's request to devote himself professionally to the science of history was rejected by the authorities in 1830, as was the proposal by the Markgröningen city council to honor him for his scientific merits. The criticism of the sovereign spatial planning at the expense of Markgröningen, which was apparently too disrespectful in his town history, published in 1829, was politically not opportune and, according to Lenk, was "resented" in the relevant circles.

His story of the Counts of Gröningen , with which he refuted Memminger's derivation of the name of this Württemberger sideline, also did not fit into the political landscape and subsequently no longer received the attention it deserved. Current research confirms his source-based work.

In an obituary in the Swabian Merkur , citizens of Markgröningen confirmed that he had always carried out his office “conscientiously and fearlessly, sensibly and benevolently”. The cities of Bietigheim-Bissingen and Markgröningen have made Heyd an honorary citizen because of his contributions to city history research. In Markgröningen, the primary and secondary school and a street are named after him.

Hermann Römer , who also worked in Bietigheim and Markgröningen , continued Heyd's urban history works. The Working Group on History Research and Preservation of Monuments in Markgröningen has reissued Heyd's history of the former Oberamtsstadt Markgröningen for the 200th anniversary of Heyd's birthday in 1992 as a facsimile edition and in a brochure published some letters signed with "Louis" to his family, in which Heyd wrote from his 1816 to Research trips undertaken in 1839 reported.


  • Working group for historical research, heritage and monument preservation Markgröningen (Ed.): Letters from Ludwig Heyd from the years 1816 to 1839. Markgröningen 1992.
  • Stefan Benning: Ludwig Heyd (1792-1842). Pastor, historian, honorary citizen . In: Sheets on the city's history . Edited by the archive of the city of Bietigheim-Bissingen. ISSN  0176-0564 . Vol. 11, 1994, pp. 202-228.
  • Peter Fendrich: Return of the Counts of Grüningen - Insight into the revised history of the county on Heyd's footsteps . In: Through the city glasses - historical research, stories and preservation of monuments in Markgröningen , Volume 10, ed. v. AGD Markgröningen, Markgröningen 2016, pp. 40–47. ISBN 978-3000539077
  • Hermann Fischer: The two Heyd. In: Württembergische Vierteljahrshefte für Landesgeschichte , vol. 41 = NF 28 (1919), pp. 265–323.
  • Hermann Haering: Heyd, Friedrich Ludwig, pastor and historian 1792–1842. In: Schwäbische Lebensbilder , Vol. 2, on behalf of the Württemberg Commission for State History, ed. by Hermann Haering and Otto Hohenstatt, pp. 215–228, Stuttgart 1941.
  • Wilhelm HeydLudwig Friedrich Heyd . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 12, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1880, p. 345 f.
  • Erhard Lenk: Magister Ludwig Friedrich Heyd - pastor, historical researcher and historiographer, 1792-1842 . In: Ludwigsburger Geschichtsblätter , issue 17/1967, pp. 90–112.

Individual evidence

  1. Erhard Lenk: Magister Ludwig Friedrich Heyd - pastor, historical researcher and historiographer, 1792-1842 . In: Ludwigsburger Geschichtsblätter, issue 17/1967, p. 98ff.
  2. ^ Philipp Ludwig Hermann Röder : Geography and Statistics Wirtembergs , Laybach 1787, BSB digitized
  3. ^ Articles in the Württemberg yearbooks , the studies of the Protestant Geistl. Württemberg and the Tübingen magazine for theology .
  4. ^ Wilhelm Hauff : Lichtenstein . Romantic legend from the history of Württemberg . Stuttgart 1826 ( full text at Wikisource ).
  5. See Johann Daniel Georg von Memminger : The Counts of Grüningen-Landau . Their name and their relationship with the house of Württemberg. In: Württ. Jahrbücher , 1826, pp. 69–93 and pp. 376–440.
  6. For example: "History of the Counts of Gröningen - largely examined and presented according to archival documents".
  7. Erhard Lenk: Magister Ludwig Friedrich Heyd - pastor, historical researcher and historiographer, 1792-1842 . In: Ludwigsburg history sheets . Issue 17/1967, p. 99.
  8. ^ Johann Daniel Georg von Memminger: The Counts of Grüningen-Landau . Their name and their relationship with the house of Württemberg. In Württ. Jahrbücher, 1826, pp. 69–93 and pp. 376–440.
  9. See also the history of Grüningen and Hartmann II. Von Grüningen .
  10. Blurb of the history of the former town of Markgröningen with special regard to the general history of Württemberg , Stuttgart 1829 (new edition as facsimile 1992)
  11. ^ Letters from Ludwig Heyd from the years 1816 to 1839. Discovered and compiled by the AGD Markgröningen . Markgröningen 1992, 56 pp.

Web links

Commons : Ludwig Friedrich Heyd  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Commons : History of Markgröningen  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikisource: Ludwig Friedrich Heyd  - Sources and full texts