Wilhelm Hauff (* 29. November 1802 in Stuttgart , Duchy of Württemberg ; † 18th November 1827 in Stuttgart, Kingdom of Württemberg ) was a German writer of romance . He belonged to the circle of the Swabian school of poets .
Wilhelm Hauff's father, August Friederich Hauff, was government secretary and later cabinet ministerial registrar in Stuttgart. Wilhelm Hauff had an older brother Hermann (* 1800) and the two younger sisters Marie (* 1806) and Sophie (* 1807). After the father's death in 1809, the mother and the children moved to live with her father Karl Friedrich Elsäßer in Tübingen on Haaggasse.
From 1809 to 1816, Hauff attended the Schola Anatolica , the former Latin school in Tübingen , and from 1817 , after passing the state examination, the monastery school in Blaubeuren . From 1820 to 1824 he studied theology at the University of Tübingen on a scholarship from the Evangelical Monastery of Tübingen and was awarded a Dr. phil. PhD. He was a member of the Germania Tübingen fraternity . Some of the texts of student songs printed in the Kommersbuch date from this period .
Hauff worked from 1824 to 1826 in Stuttgart with Ernst Eugen Freiherr von Hügel as a private tutor and then traveled through France and northern Germany. In 1825 he came out with the satire The Man in the Moon , in which he virtuously imitates the style and manner of the trivial author Heinrich Clauren and his story Mimili and exposes it to ridicule. Two years later he exposed the literary bluff with the controvers sermon about H. Clauren and the man in the moon .
In January 1827 he became editor of the Cottaschen Morgenblatt for educated classes . In February he married his cousin Luise Hauff (* January 6, 1806; † July 30, 1867), whom he met in Nördlingen in 1823 and to whom he had become engaged in 1824. In August he went on a study trip through Tyrol , during which he wanted to collect material for a planned work on Andreas Hofer . During the trip he contracted typhoid and returned sick.
The daughter Wilhelmine was born on November 10, 1827 († January 2, 1845). Hauff died of typhoid fever eight days later. The family's grave is in the Hoppenlaufriedhof in Stuttgart.
Numerous streets are named after Wilhelm Hauff. Hauff monuments exist at Lichtenstein Castle and in Stuttgart . The Wilhelm Hauff monument on Stuttgart's Hasenbergsteige , unveiled in 1882, was created by the architect Christian Friedrich von Leins and the sculptor Wilhelm Rösch . In Lichtenstein-Honau , below Lichtenstein Castle, there is a Wilhelm Hauff Museum , in Baiersbronn the Hauff Fairy Tale Museum is dedicated to the author of the fairy tale The Cold Heart and the earlier life of raftsmen, charcoal burners, glassmakers and wood merchants.
On the 150th anniversary of his death in 1977 , the Deutsche Bundespost issued a special postage stamp designed by Elisabeth von Janota-Bzowski . In Hauff's memory, the Wilhelm Hauff Prize was donated to promote children's and young adult literature.
Wilhelm Hauff's short literary creative period began in 1825 with the publication of some novellas (Memoirs of Satan, Othello) and his first fairy tale almanac.
The Germanists Gabriele von Glasenapp and Wolf-Daniel Hartwich pointed out that Hauff was anti-Jewish in some works such as Jud Süß , Mittheilungen from the memoirs of Satan and Abner, the Jew who did not see anything through drawings of the character and the physiognomy of his figures Reproduce stereotypes and clichés of his time.
Fairy tales and legends
Hauff's fairy tales fall into the late romantic literary phase after the strict censorship provisions of the Karlsbad resolutions in 1819. The first volume around the framework story The Caravan contains oriental fairy tales. The second volume leaves the purely oriental space of action, for example Schneeweißchen and Rosenroth , taken over from Wilhelm Grimm , are part of the European fairy tale tradition. The third volume with the frame story Das Wirtshaus im Spessart deals more with myths than fairy tales; the Black Forest legend The cold heart is the best known of these legends.
- Fairy tale almanac for 1826 for sons and daughters of the educated classes (1825)
Fairy tale almanac to the year 1827 for sons and daughters of the educated classes (1826).
- The Sheikh of Alessandria and his slaves (frame story)
- The dwarf nose
- Abner, the Jew who didn't see anything
- Poor Stephan (by Gustav Adolf Schöll)
- The Baked Head (by James Justinian Morier )
- The ape as a human (The young Englishman)
- The festival of the underground (by Wilhelm Grimm)
- Snow white and rose red (by Wilhelm Grimm)
- The history of Almansor
- Fairy tale almanac for the year 1828 for sons and daughters of the educated classes (1827).
Not included in the almanacs is the brief legend Der Reußenstein , in which Hauff describes how a giant had Reußenstein Castle built (today's Reußenstein ruins ).
Compared to ETA Hoffmann , who was a good friend of Hauff, his fairy tales are "more earthy, more compact (...) happiness is rooted in the home, in marriage and family".
- Lichtenstein (3 volumes, 1826)
The historical novel Lichtenstein was until the 20th century next to Hauff's fairy tales his most famous work. Duke Wilhelm von Urach, a member of a branch line of the ruling House of Württemberg, was inspired by the novel to acquire the old forester's house near the site of the former Alt-Lichtenstein Castle and at the beginning of the 1840s on its site above the Echaztal near Lichtenstein- Honau to build a new castle modeled on the former knight's castle, Lichtenstein Castle, which still exists today . The ruins of the castle, which was destroyed at the end of the 14th century, are a few hundred meters away.
An opera, plays and dramatizations for the silhouette theater also contributed to the popularization of the novel.
- The man in the moon or the train of the heart is the voice of fate (published in 1825 under the name of the popular H. Clauren)
- Communications from the memoirs of Satan (1825/1826, 2 volumes)
- Controversial sermon on H. Clauren and the man in the moon, delivered to the German audience at the autumn fair of 1827
- Othello (1826).
- The Singer (1826).
- The Beggaress from the Pont des Arts (1827).
- Jud Suess (1827)
- The last knights of Marienburg (1827)
- The image of the emperor (1827)
- Fantasies in the Bremen Ratskeller, an autumn present for friends of wine (1827)
- The books and the world of reading
- Free hours at the window (1826)
- The aesthetic club
- A couple of hours of travel
Student songs and other songs
- Welcome for the last time (1823).
- When the cups are circling happily (1823)
- Brothers up, raise your blades (1824)
- Faithful Love (1824)
- Where an ember binds the heart (1824)
- Reiters Morgenlied (Morgenrot, shine for me early death?) Based on a Swabian folk song with the lines that have become a quote: "Yesterday on proud horses, today shot through the chest, tomorrow into the cool grave".
Numerous films are based on Hauff's fairy tales - but other of his subjects have also been implemented:
- 1923: Das Wirtshaus im Spessart , directed by Adolf Wenter
- 1940: Jud Süß , directed by Veit Harlan
- 1950: The Cold Heart , directed by Paul Verhoeven
- 1953: The story of little Muck , director: Wolfgang Staudte
- 1957: Das Wirtshaus im Spessart , director: Kurt Hoffmann
- 1981: Fairy tales told in the night (Сказка, рассказанная ночью) , director: Irma Rausch
- 2013: The Cold Heart , Director: Hannes Rall
- 2014: The Cold Heart , Director: Marc-Andreas Bochert
- 2016: The Cold Heart , Director: Johannes Naber
Zwerg Nase , a burlesque opera in five pictures by Walter Furrer, was completed in 1952. It has not been performed as a whole, only the kitchen boys' ballet under the title Scherzo drolatique from the 4th picture (arrangement for large orchestra) was premiered in 1973 as part of a youth concert in Aachen; presumed date May 3, 1973.
|1802||Stuttgart, Eberhardstrasse 23|
|1806||Tübingen, Haaggasse 15 (Schottei)|
|1808||Stuttgart, Eberhardstrasse 23|
|1809||Tübingen, Haaggasse 15 (Schottei)|
|1820||Tübingen, Haaggasse 15 (Schottei)|
|1824||Stuttgart, Charlottenplatz (Ministry of War)|
|1827||Stuttgart, Fritz-Elsas-Strasse 49 (Hartmann's house)|
Hauff was born in 1802 as the son of the government council secretary August Friedrich Hauff in a rented apartment on the 2nd floor of house number 1358 in Kleiner Graben. The large, three-story house with shops on the ground floor extended over 9 window axes on the upper floors. After the renaming of the Kleiner Graben in 1811, the house on the corner of Kreuzstrasse was given the address Eberhardstrasse 23. The building stood on the site of today's house, Eberhardstrasse 33, at the corner of Dornstrasse, where the building law office is located (). There is a memorial plaque at the entrance to the house with the note: "This is where Hauff's birthplace stood until 1944".
After four years, Hauff's father was transferred in the spring of 1806 as court clerk at the highest court in Wuerttemberg, the higher appellation tribunal in Tübingen. The family lived for two years in a rented apartment in the house Haaggasse 15 in Tübingen, on the ground floor of which was the "Restoration Schottei", after which the house was named Schottei. In 1808 Hauff's father was appointed secret secretary to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the family moved back to Stuttgart to the house at Eberhardstrasse 23. When the father died on February 2, 1809 at the age of only 37, his mother, Wilhelmine Hauff, moved with them the family returned to the Schottei, in which since 1807 the chief appeal officer Karl Friedrich Elsäßer , Hauff's maternal grandfather, lived.
From September 1817, Hauff attended the Blaubeuren seminar for three years . From 1820 to 1824 he visited Tübingen as a scholarship holder of the Evangelical Monastery and from the second semester lived again in the Schottei, where he occupied a room on the first floor.
From October 1824 to April 1826 Hauff was employed in Stuttgart as court master by Ernst von Hügel, the president of the war council . He lived on the 2nd floor of the old War Ministry on Charlottenplatz. Inspired by the view of Kanalstrasse with the restoration to the box and today's Stuttgart Writers' House , he wrote the novella " Free hours at the window " in 1826 , in which the narrator observes his neighboring house.
On February 13, 1827, Hauff married his cousin Luise Hauff in Enzweihingen. He moved into 5 rooms with her in a rented apartment in Hartmann's house at Gartenstrasse 264 in Stuttgart, today Fritz-Elsas-Strasse 49.
- Barbara Czygan: Wilhelm Hauff. The Writer and His Work Seen Through His Correspondences. Dissertation. Madison WI 1976.
- Eberhard Emil von Georgii-Georgenau : Biographical-genealogical sheets from and about Swabia. (PDF) Verlag Emil Müller, Stuttgart 1879, pp. 329–331.
- Jakob Franck : Hauff, Wilhelm . In: Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB). Volume 11, Duncker & Humblot, Leipzig 1880, p. 48 f.
- Ottmar Hinz: Wilhelm Hauff. With testimonials and photo documents. Reinbek near Hamburg: Rowohlt, 1989.
- Hans Hofmann: Wilhelm Hauff. A representation of his career, edited from new sources; with a collection of his letters and a selection from the poet's unpublished estate. Diesterweg, Frankfurt am Main 1902.
- Helmut Hornbogen: Tübingen poet houses. Literary stories from Swabia. A guide. Verlag Schwäbisches Tagblatt, Tübingen 1999, pp. 120–125.
- Friedrich Pfäfflin: Wilhelm Hauff. The author of the "Lichtenstein". Chronicle of his life and work. Edition Marbacher Magazin. Fleischhauer and Spohn, Stuttgart 1981.
- Will Scheller: Wilhelm Hauff: Monograph. Reclam, Leipzig 1927.
- Gustav Schwab: Wilhelm Hauff's life. In: Wilhelm Hauff's entire writings . With the poet's life by Gustav Schwab. Newly reviewed and supplemented. Volume 1. Brodhag, Stuttgart 1840, pp. 1-20, books.google.de
- Bernhard Zeller: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3 , p. 85 f. ( ). In:
- Andreas Beck: Farewell to socio-poetic-anthropological storytelling. Wilhelm Hauff's 'Scheihk von Alessandria'. In: Alexander Košenina , Carsten cell (ed.): Small anthropological forms of the Goethe time (1750-1830). Hanover 2011, pp. 337–351.
- Enrica Yvonne Dilk: "... concern about the art paper ..." Wilhelm Hauffs and Ludwig Schorn's letters from the years 1826/27 about the remote editing of the Cottaschen Journal. A contribution to Wilhelm Hauff's 200th birthday. In: Stuttgart work on German studies. No. 423. Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-88099-428-5 , pp. 277-293.
- Armin Gebhardt: Swabian group of poets. Uhland, Kerner, Schwab, Hauff, Mörike . Tectum, Marburg 2004, ISBN 3-8288-8687-6 .
- Horst-Jürgen Gerigk: Man as a monkey in German, French, Russian, English and American literature of the 19th and 20th centuries. Hürtgenwald: Pressler, 1989, especially pages 41–52.
- Ulrich Kittstein (Ed.): Wilhelm Hauff. Essays on his poetic work . Röhrig Universitätsverlag, St. Ingbert 2002, ISBN 3-86110-326-5 .
- Friedrich Knilli : I was Jud Suss - the story of the film star Ferdinand Marian. With a foreword by Alphons Silbermann . Henschel Verlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-89487-340-X .
- Stefan Neuhaus : Playing with the reader. Wilhelm Hauff. Work and effect. Göttingen 2002.
- Ernst Osterkamp , Andrea Polaschegg , Erhard Schütz in connection with the German Schiller Society (ed.): Wilhelm Hauff or The virtuosity of the imagination. Wallstein, Göttingen 2005, ISBN 978-3-89244-860-0 ( content ).
- Heiko Postma : Golden grains in the reader's imagination. About the life and work of the writer Wilhelm Hauff. jmb-Verlag, Hannover 2008, ISBN 978-3-940970-04-6 .
- Literature by and about Wilhelm Hauff in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Wilhelm Hauff in the German Digital Library
- Annotated link collection of the university library of the FU Berlin ( Memento from October 11, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) (Ulrich Goerdten)
- Exhibition on Wilhelm Hauff's figure Jud Süß
- Ursula Regener: Wilhelm Hauff (1802–1827) . In: Stadtlexikon Stuttgart . City Archives Stuttgart, 19. April 2018
- Works by Wilhelm Hauff at Zeno.org .
- Works by Wilhelm Hauff in the Gutenberg-DE project
- Works by Wilhelm Hauff in Project Gutenberg ( currently not usually available for users from Germany )
- Works by Wilhelm Hauff in the Bibliotheca Augustana
- Works by Wilhelm Hauff as public domain and free audio books at LibriVox
- Hauff's fairy tales in the literature network
- The poems on zgedichte.de
- Settings of poems by Wilhelm Hauffs
- Germania fraternity
- Helge Dvorak: Biographical Lexicon of the German Burschenschaft. Volume II: Artists. Winter, Heidelberg 2018, ISBN 978-3-8253-6813-5 , pp. 291-293.
- November 10th is usually given as the birthday of the daughter Wilhelmine. B. in dates of German literature , although the date November 11 is on the bronze plate on the family grave.
- Hauff memorial. City of Stuttgart; accessed on March 12, 2017.
- Wilhelm-Hauff-Museum auf Literaturland-bw
- Hauff's Märchen Museum ( Memento from February 10, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) at Baiersbronn Touristik, accessed on March 12, 2017.
- Wilhelm Hauff: The Reußenstein. In: Project Gutenberg
- Paul-Wolfgang Wührl: The German fairy tale story, message and narrative structures. Schneider Verlag, Hohengehren 2012, p. 196.
- Digitized and full text in the German Text Archive
- General German Kommersbuch, No. 311 at Wikisource
- Bat song, sung for boys from Tübingen . at Project Gutenberg
- Faithful love . at Project Gutenberg
- General German Kommersbuch, No. 221 at Wikisource
- Echtermeyer: German poems. From the beginning to the present. Redesigned by Benno von Wiese. August Bagel Verlag, Düsseldorf 1955, .
- The cold heart - animator Hannes Rall and his Wilhelm Hauff animation - night culture
- Proof: Burgerbibliothek, Hallwylstrasse 15, 3005 Bern
- # Hofmann 1902 , pp. 3–5.
- #Hornbogen 1999 .
- #Hofmann 1902 , p 106, #Hinz 1989 , p 84, 87th
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 29, 1802|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Stuttgart|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 18, 1827|
|Place of death||Stuttgart|