Rut Brandt (born January 10, 1920 in Hamar , Norway , † July 28, 2006 in Berlin , born Rut Hansen , widowed Rut Bergaust ) was a Norwegian - German author and the second wife of German Chancellor Willy Brandt .
She grew up as the third oldest of the four sisters Hjørdis, Tulla, Rut and Olaug. Her father Andreas Hansen, who was employed as a private chauffeur at the Adlungstad estate in Stange , died when Ruth was three years old. Her mother, who was later described by her as a socialist and Christian, had to earn a living for the family after her husband's death. They moved to Kapp on the other side of Mjøsa , where their mother found work in a milk factory, and a few years later, when Ruth was seven years old and the milk factory was relocated, back again, near Hamar. After finishing school, 15-year-old Rut became a saleswoman in a bakery, then a maid and finally an apprentice tailor.
At the age of 16, Rut Hansen, who later described herself as a “born socialist”, joined a socialist youth group. The group was already active against the fascism threatening Europe when it was still a long way from Norway. After the unexpected German occupation of Norway in 1940, the group was banned, people continued to meet in private and obtained information by regularly listening to the Norwegian news from the BBC ; even after the possession of radios was banned. The group published the illegal newspaper "Radionytt - H7" for about half a year, which had a circulation of between 1,000 and 3,000 copies, was distributed by railroad workers and through reliable contacts and provided the Norwegians with politically important news. This made Rut Hansen part of the Norwegian resistance against the German occupiers.
When the group was exposed in the summer of 1942, Rut fled to Sweden with her sister Tulla, who was two years older than her . There she met her friend again, the railroad worker Ole Olstadt Bergaust, who was also active in the Norwegian resistance, whom she called Brum and who was married in exile in Stockholm in autumn 1942 . Both were employed by the press office of the Norwegian embassy. Brum was strong through a lot of sport, but he suffered from a "stubborn smoker's cough" that was initially considered harmless. Soon after, he became ill and had several lung operations. In 1946 he died of lung disease.
In 1944, Rut Bergaust got to know Willy Brandt , who emigrated from Lübeck and whom she first saw at their wedding in 1942. Although both were still married, they soon became committed. In 1947 she followed Willy Brandt to the Norwegian Military Mission in Berlin, where she worked as his secretary. Rut Bergaust had the rank of lieutenant. She gave up her position on the military mission at the end of 1947 after Brandt had already done so.
After the death of her husband and Brandt's divorce in 1948, the two married that same year. The wedding was performed by a Norwegian military chaplain who came to Berlin from his unit in the Harz Mountains. Since her husband's real name was Herbert Frahm , she was called Rut Frahm until 1949 . The marriage resulted in three sons: Peter (* 1948), Lars (* 1951) and Matthias Brandt (* 1961). Even if Rut Brandt dedicated herself to the “classic activities” of a politician's wife, political companions and observers agree that Willy Brandt would not have been able to pursue his political career without Rut at his side. With her, the politician was supported by a woman who earned him a lot of sympathy with her open, communicative nature and often acted as a "mouthpiece". It is attributed to her work that Willy Brandt's political interlocutors became friends.
In the years after Brandt's resignation as Chancellor, the two drifted apart. When Rut found out about her husband's relationship with his future wife Brigitte Seebacher in the spring of 1979 , she separated from him and filed for divorce. They met for the last time on December 16, 1980, the day of the divorce.
Even after the separation from Brandt, Rut Brandt remained present in the social life of the then federal capital Bonn , which documents that the affection shown to her did not stem solely from Brandt's social position. From 1982 the Danish journalist Niels Nørlund (1924-2004) was her partner. When she published her memoirs under the title "Freundesland" in 1992, she lived with Nørlund in Roisdorf near Bonn.
After Willy Brandt's death in October 1992, Rut Brandt did not take part in the state ceremony and the funeral. She hadn't been invited. According to her son Peter (on the occasion of Willy Brandt's 100th birthday), this corresponded to his father's wishes. But his mother told him that she would not have taken part in an invitation: “She wasn't stupid. That would have been the found food for the media. [...] the two widows. ”Nevertheless she would have liked to have received an invitation, but went to the grave the next day to say goodbye in her own way. In the years after Brandt's death it was often rumored in public that Brandt's third wife Brigitte Seebacher-Brandt had explicitly dismissed Rut Brandt, but there is no clear evidence for this. Egon Bahr reports in Zeit No. 47 from November 14, 2013 on page 16 of the dossier about Willy Brandt:
“After Willy's death on October 8, 1992, the chief of protocol at the Chancellery called me. He said: 'We have a problem: we don't know how to treat Rut Brandt during the state act.' To which I replied: I'll try to find out. I called Ruth and started stuttering. She laughed and said, 'I can imagine exactly why you're calling. But you can rest assured. I am not his widow. I'll take the opportunity to visit Willy when it's over. ' The protocol was relieved and it was no longer an issue. The rumor that Brigitte Seebacher-Brandt unloaded Rut is wrong. "
In August 2014 Bahr reaffirmed this correction to the deputy chairman and the managing director of the Unkel community foundation.
Rut Brandt moved to a nursing home in Berlin in 2004 and died in 2006 after a long illness at the age of 86. She was buried at the Waldfriedhof Berlin-Zehlendorf , where Willy Brandt's grave is also located. The grave has been dedicated to the city of Berlin as an honorary grave since July 12, 2016 .
About her relationship with her native Norway and with Germany, where she spent most of her adult life and where her sons were born, she said:
“I don't feel divided between Norway and Germany. I am at home here and there, and I live in both languages. I know Norway with the familiarity of childhood, I have lived and argued with Germany and suffered all of my adult years. "
- 1993: Berlin Bear (BZ Culture Prize)
- 2001: Norwegian Order of Merit
- Friend country. Memories . Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 1992, ISBN 3-455-08443-5 . (Rut Brandt's autobiography, plus biography of Willy Brandt for the period 1944–1974)
- Who lost his heart to whom. Encounters and experiences . 1st edition, List Verl., Munich 2003 (= List-Taschenbuch, 60348), ISBN 3-548-60348-3 .
- Torsten Körner : The Willy Brandt family . S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2013, ISBN 978-3-10-040407-7 .
- Heike Specht : Your side of the story. Germany and its first ladies from 1949 until today. Piper-Verlag, Munich 2019, ISBN 978-3-492-05819-3 .
- Literature by and about Rut Brandt in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Rut Brandt in the German Digital Library
- Speech by Kjell Magne Bondevik, Prime Minister of Norway
- Rut Brandt: Moments in her life SpiegelOnline photo gallery
- Picture by Rut Brandt , ca.1992
- Rut Brandt in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Rut Brandt: Freundesland, p. 24
- Rut Brandt: Freundesland, p. 10: "We were working class children and we were 'born' socialists."
- Rut Brandt: Freundesland, p. 52: “ Radionytt - H7 came out irregularly, about once a week, sometimes more often when there was urgent news. The circulation varied between 1000 and 3000 copies with two or four pages. [...] It was a small newspaper, but in the six months of the war that we were able to hold on to, people got essential news through it. "
- Rut Brandt: Freundesland, p. 62
- Helene Walterskirchen: On the side of power: Germany's first ladies . Ueberreuter, Vienna 2002, ISBN 3-8000-3845-5 , p. 153
- Key list of MG personnel (PDF; 5.1 MB) . In: “Weekly Information Bulletin”, No. 131 (1948) of March 23, 1948, published by the Office of Military Government for Germany, Druckhaus Tempelhof, Berlin, “Allied Military Missions - Norway”, p. 32
- Willy Brandt: Left and free. My way 1930 - 1950 . Hoffmann and Campe Verlag, Hamburg 1982, ISBN 3-455-08743-4 , pp. 220–224 (Excerpts in preprint in: Perseverance and survival . In: Der Spiegel . No. 40 , 1982, pp. 210 ( online ). )
- See October 1948: Wedding with Ruth and Peter's birth ( memento from February 2, 2014 in the Internet Archive ). In: Willy Brandt biography on the website of the Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt Foundation (www.bwbs.de); Archive version on Archive.is from July 21, 2012; Retrieved January 20, 2014
- October 1948 wedding with Rut and Peters birth of the Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt Foundation
- Heike Specht : “Your side of the story. Germany and its First Ladies from 1949 until today ”, Piper-Verlag, Munich 2019. ISBN 978-3-492-05819-3
- Don't you understand at all ... - Klaus Wirtgen on Rut Brandt's memories "Freundesland". In: Spiegel Spezial. Books '92. March 1, 1992
- Peter Brandt in Willy Brandt - Memories of a Political Life , Documentation by André Schäfer for WDR / rbb / arte, Germany 2013. See entry at AGDOK
- After a long illness: Rut Brandt died n-tv July 30, 2006
- Grave site at the Waldfriedhof Berlin-Zehlendorf on knerger.de, accessed on July 31, 2016
- Rut Brandt: Freundesland, pp. 292–293.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Hansen, Rut|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Norwegian wife of Federal Chancellor Willy Brandt|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 10, 1920|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Hamar , Norway|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 28, 2006|
|Place of death||Berlin|