Frank Patrick Herbert (born October 8, 1920 in Tacoma , Washington , † February 11, 1986 in Madison , Wisconsin ) was an American fantasy and science fiction author. His most important work is the novel cycle Dune , which has sold over twelve million times and has already been filmed several times.
According to his own statement, Herbert already had the desire to become a writer on his eighth birthday . Since his family lived in poverty, however, there were hardly any prospects for him to be able to turn this dream into a reality. At the age of 18 he finally moved to live with relatives in Salem , where he finished school and began working as a freelance journalist . In order to get orders, he forged his documents, among other things, in order to appear older.
After the outbreak of World War II , Herbert was drafted into the Navy , for which he was employed as a photographer . In 1940 he married his first wife, Flora Parkinson. However, the marriage lasted only five years.
In 1946, while studying at the University of Washington , Herbert met his second wife, Beverly Ann Stuart, in a creative writing class. He would later have two sons with her. Brian , who was born in 1947, is also a writer. Bruce, who was born in 1951 and died of HIV in 1993 , was an activist in the fight for gay and lesbian rights .
Herbert soon dropped out of his studies and started again in Seattle to work as a journalist for various daily newspapers . He also wrote his first short stories , which were published in Esquire and various pulp magazines, among others .
After six years of research and writing, Herbert tried unsuccessfully to find a publisher for the first book of his novel cycle Dune . Twenty rejections later, it finally appeared in 1965, at the Chilton publishing house , which specializes mainly in advisory publications , and marked the start of his literary career. Among other things, the work received the Nebula Award, which was presented for the first time, as well as the renowned Hugo Award in 1966 . In the science fiction novel, Herbert links problems of ecology with philosophical, political and social issues. He also used the specific style of linking the narrative from the perspective of different actors in his later publications.
From 1970 Herbert taught himself as a lecturer at the University of Washington. He had finally become a full-time writer in 1972 and had had a house in Hawaii in addition to his residence in Washington state since around 1980 . Herbert was highly productive until the 1980s. Many of his best-known works were created, including some in collaboration with Bill Ransom . After his wife Beverly Ann Stuart Forbes Herbert (born October 20, 1926 in Seattle ) died on February 7, 1984 (at 5:05 am near Kawaloa, Maui, Hawaii), he married his third wife, Theresa Shackleford, in late 1985. But only a few months later, Herbert died at the age of 65 of complications from pancreatic cancer in Madison . In 2006 he was posthumously inducted into the Science Fiction Hall of Fame .
Herbert's best-known work is the six-book novel cycle Dune (German: The Desert Planet ) , which has been translated into many languages . The first volume won numerous important prizes and was first filmed for the big screen in 1984 by David Lynch . In 2000, John Harrison was remake for television. The parts of the novel cycle are:
- Dune (1963–1964 and 1965 as serial novels; revised version 1966 as book; translation of the book in 1967 German Der Wüstenplanet )
- Dune Messiah (July to November 1969 as a serialized novel; 1969 German The Lord of the Desert Planet )
- Children of Dune (January to April 1976 as a serialized novel; 1976 German The Children of the Desert Planet )
- God Emperor of Dune (1981 German The god emperor of the desert planet )
- Heretics of Dune (1984 German The Heretics of the Desert Planet )
- Chapterhouse Dune (1985 German The Order Castle of the desert planet )
Herbert was working on the seventh and final volume of the novel cycle when he passed away. Notes from this novel and other fragments have already served as templates for a number of prehistoric novels written by Herbert's son Brian Herbert in collaboration with Kevin J. Anderson . The two authors completed the cycle of novels in 2007. The seventh volume was published in two parts:
- Hunters of Dune (2007 German The Hunters of the Desert Planet )
- Sandworms of Dune (2008 German The Savior of the Desert Planet )
However, in the opinion of many fans, these novels represent a departure from Herbert's own portrayal of complex ideas and the examination of human life. The style of the new books is also less dense and intense; there are more elements of pure adventure. Regardless of the short story was published in 1985 by Herbert The Road to Dune (dt 1985. On the desert planet ), an excerpt from the fictional "Empire leader," a kind of tourist guides. The seventeen-page text appeared in 1990 exclusively in the anthology Auge with illustrations by Jim Burns .
The Caleban cycle Herberts is treated in two short stories and two novels.
- A Matter of Traces (German: It depends on the dishes , short story in eye , 1958)
- The Tactful Saboteur (Eng. The tactful saboteur , short story in eye , 1964)
- Whipping Star (German The Last Caleban , 1970)
- The Dosadi Experiment (May to August 1977 as a serialized novel, 1977 German Das Dosadi Experiment )
Schiff Cycle (with Bill Ransom)
- Do I Sleep or Wake (alternate version of Destination Void , 1965)
- Destination: Void (1966, German a cyborg fails , 1971 and reissue 1987)
- Destination: Void - Revised Edition (1978)
- The Jesus Incident (1979, dt. The Jesus Incident 1981)
- The Lazarus Effect (1983, German The Lazarus Effect 1986)
- The Ascension Factor (1988, dt. The Ascension Factor 1989)
- The Dragon in the Sea (Nov. 1955 to Jan. 1956 as a serial novel Under Pressure , first book edition 1956; German atomic submarine S 1881 ; also in The Death of a City under the title The Dragon in the Sea )
- The Green Brain (1965 as a serialized novel under the title Greenslaves , 1966 as a book; German The Green Heart ; also in The Death of a City as The Insect War )
- Destination: Void (1965 as a serial novel under the title Do I Wake or Dream? And as a book under the title Do I Sleep or Wake ; 1966 in a modified version as a book; German A cyborg falls out ); first volume of the Schiff cycle; 1978 as Revised Edition (extensive revision)
- The Eyes of Heisenberg (June to Aug. 1966 as a serial novel under the title Heisenberg's Eyes .; 1966 book edition; 1968 German revolt against the immortals and 1983 German Die Augen Heisenberg )
- The Heaven Makers (April to June 1967 as a serial novel; 1968 as a book; Eng. Caught in Eternity or The Immortals )
- The Santaroga Barrier (Oct. 1967 to Feb. 1968 as a serialized novel; 1968 book edition; German The People of Santaroga )
- Whipping Star (January to April 1970 as a serialized novel; 1970 book edition, German: The Last Caleban )
- Soul Catcher (1972)
- The Godmakers (May 1958 as serialized novel under the title You Take the High Road , May 1958 as serialized novel under the title Operation Haystack , February 1960 as serialized novel under the title The Priests of Psi ; 1972 book edition; German The Rites of the Gods )
- Hellstrom's Hive (Nov. 1972 to March 1973 as a serialized novel under the title Project 40 ; 1973 book edition; German Hellstrøms Brut ).
- Direct Descent (1954 serialized, 1980 book edition)
- The White Plague (1982, dt. The white plague )
- Man of Two Worlds (1986, with Brian Herbert, German man of two worlds )
- High-Opp ( posthumous ), WordFire Press 2012 ISBN 978-1-614-75038-3 .
- Survival of the Cunning , in Esquire , March 1945.
- Yellow Fire , in Alaska Life (Alaska Territorial Magazine), June 1947.
- Looking for Something? Startling Stories, April 1952.
- Operation Syndrome , in Astounding , June 1954. also in TE Dikty's Best Science Fiction Stories and Novels, 1955.
- The Gone Dogs , in "Amazing," November 1954.
- Packrat Planet , in Astounding, December 1954.
- Rat Race , in Astounding, July 1955.
- Occupation Force , in Fantastic, August 1955.
- Under Pressure (three parts), in Astounding, November 1955 - January 1956.
- The Nothing , in Fantastic Universe, January 1956.
- Cease Fire in "Astounding," January 1956.
- Old Rambling House , in Galaxy , April 1958.
- A Matter of Traces , in Fantastic Universe, November 1958.
- Missing Link , in "Astounding", February 1959. also in "Author's Choice" Ed. Harry Harrison, New York: Berkley, 1968.
- Egg and Ashes , in Worlds of If, November 1960.
- Operation Haystack , in "Astounding," May 1959.
- The Priests of Psi , in Fantastic, February 1960.
- AWF Unlimited , in Galaxy, June 1961.
- Try to Remember , in “Amazing,” October 1961.
- Mating Call , in "Galaxy", October 1961.
- Mindfield , in "Amazing," March 1962.
- Dune World , (in three parts) in "Analog" December 1963 - February 1964.
- The Mary Celeste Move , in Analog, October 1964.
- Tactful Saboteur , in Galaxy, October 1964.
- The Prophet of Dune (five parts) in "Analog", January - May 1965.
- Greenslaves , in "Amazing," March 1965.
- Committee of the Whole , in Galaxy, April 1965.
- The GM Effect , in Analog, June 1965.
- Do I Wake or Dream? , in "Galaxy," August 1965.
- The Primitives , in Galaxy, April 1966.
- Escape Felicity , in Analog, June 1966.
- Heisenberg's Eyes , (two-part) in "Galaxy", June - August 1966.
- By the Book , in "Analog", August 1966.
- The Featherbedders , in “Analog,” August 1967.
- The Heaven Makers , (two parts) in "Amazing", April - June 1967.
- The Santaroga Barrier , (three parts) in "Amazing", October 1967 - February 1968.
- Dune Messiah , (five parts) in "Galaxy", July - November 1969.
- The Mind Bomb , in Worlds of If, October 1969.
- Seed Stock , in “Analog,” April 1970.
- Whipping Star , (three parts) in "Worlds of If", January - April 1970.
- Murder Will In , in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, May 1970.
- Project 40 (three parts) in "Galaxy", November 1972 - March 1973. Also in "Five Fates" by Keith Laumer, Poul Anderson, Frank Herbert, Gordon Dickson and Harlan Ellson. New York: Doubleday, 1970.
- Encounter in a Lonely Place in "The Book of Frank Herbert", 1973.
- Gambling Device , in "The Book of Frank Herbert", 1973.
- Passage for Piano , in "The Book of Frank Herbert", 1973.
- The Death of a City , in Future City, 1973.
- Children of Dune (four parts) in "Analog", January - April 1976.
- The Dosadi Experiment (four parts ) in "Galaxy", May - August 1977.
- Come to the Party , in Analog, December 1978.
- Songs of a Sentient Flute , in Analog, February 1979.
- Frogs and Scientists , Eye, 1985.
- Short story collections in German
- The Book of Frank Herbert (German ruler of the earth TERRA-Taschenbuch No. 249, 1974): The man without talents (also "The nothing"); Rulers of the earth (also "Are you looking for what?"); Dog plague (also "The Disappeared Dogs"); Space for piano (also “transit for a grand piano”); ESP (also “meeting in a lonely place”); Epidemic of madness (also "the chopper syndrome"); The invaders (also "occupying power")
- Eye (dt. Eye , illustrated by Jim Burns, 1985): rat race; The dragon in the sea; To cease fire!; It depends on the dishes; Remember!; The tactful saboteur; On the desert planet; Strictly according to regulations; Seeds; Come to me, my murderer !; Transit for a wing; The death of a city, frogs and explorers
- The Death of a City (Heyne, 1994; all short stories except “On the Desert Planet”): Are you looking for what ?; Chopper syndrome; The missing dogs; Rat race; Occupation force; The dragon in the sea; The nothing; To cease fire!; The Wandering House; It depends on the dishes; Advertising with limited liability; Mating call; Remember!; Thought field; With the public included; The Mary Celest Parades; The tactful saboteur; The insect war; The GG effect; Beyond the dark cloud; Strictly according to regulations; Every flea has its fleas; The Thinking Bomb; Seeds; Come to me, my murderer !; Transit for a wing; The slot machine; Meeting in a lonely place; The death of a city, frogs and explorers
- Brian Herbert : Dreamer of Dune. The Biography of Frank Herbert. Tor, New York 2003, ISBN 0-7653-0646-8 .
- Tim O'Reilly : Frank Herbert . Frederick Ungar Publishing, New York, 1981, ISBN 978-0-8044-6617-2 , pp. 216 (English, oreilly.com ).
- William F. Touponce: Frank Herbert. Twayne, Boston 1988, ISBN 0-8057-7514-5 .
- Hans Joachim Alpers , Werner Fuchs , Ronald M. Hahn : Reclam's science fiction guide. Reclam, Stuttgart 1982, ISBN 3-15-010312-6 , pp. 201-204.
- Hans Joachim Alpers, Werner Fuchs, Ronald M. Hahn, Wolfgang Jeschke : Lexicon of Science Fiction Literature. Heyne, Munich 1991, ISBN 3-453-02453-2 , pp. 539-541.
- Don D'Ammassa : Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Facts On File, New York 2005, ISBN 0-8160-5924-1 , pp. 184 f.
- Malcolm Edwards, John Clute : Herbert, Frank. In: John Clute, Peter Nicholls : The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction . 3rd edition (online edition), version dated January 5, 2018.
- Gina Macdonald: Herbert, Frank (Patrick) . In: Noelle Watson, Paul E. Schellinger: Twentieth-Century Science-Fiction Writers. St. James Press, Chicago 1991, ISBN 1-55862-111-3 , pp. 370-373.
- George Mann : The Mammoth Encyclopedia of Science Fiction. Robinson, London 2001, ISBN 1-84119-177-9 , pp. 173-176.
- Robert Reginald : Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature. A Checklist, 1700-1974 with Contemporary Science Fiction Authors II. Gale, Detroit 1979, ISBN 0-8103-1051-1 , p. 935.
- Robert Reginald: Contemporary Science Fiction Authors. Arno Press, New York 1974, ISBN 0-405-06332-6 , p. 130.
- Donald H. Tuck : The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction and Fantasy through 1968. Advent, Chicago 1974, ISBN 0-911682-20-1 , pp. 217 f.
- Linus Hauser : Worm god, savior. The techno-theological idea of the messiah in Frank Herbert's desert planet novels. In: Wolfgang Jeschke (Ed.): Das Science-Fiction-Magazin # 12. Munich 1985, ISBN 3-453-31125-6 , pp. 133-169.
- Dietrich Wachler : The experiment with humans. Frank Herbert's moderate description of an excessive temptation. In: Wolfgang Jeschke (Ed.): Das Science-Fiction-Magazin # 12. Munich 1985, ISBN 3-453-31125-6 , pp. 105-132.
- Literature by and about Frank Herbert in the catalog of the German National Library
- Frank Herbert in the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (English)
- Frank Herbert in the Science Fiction Awards + Database
- Works by Herbert, Frank in Project Gutenberg ( currently usually not available for users from Germany )
- Frank Herbert in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Works by and about Frank Herbert at Open Library
- Frank Herbert in Fantastic Fiction (English)
- Frank Herbert in Fancyclopedia 3 (English)
- William F. Touponce: Frank Herbert. Twayne, Boston 1988, p. 5.
- David M. Miller: Frank Herbert. Starmont House, Mercer Island 1980, p. 12.
- William F. Touponce: Frank Herbert. Twayne, Boston 1988, p. 6.
- William F. Touponce: Frank Herbert. Twayne, Boston 1988, p. 7.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Herbert, Frank Patrick|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American science fiction and fantasy writer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||October 8, 1920|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Tacoma , Washington (State) United States|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 11, 1986|
|Place of death||Madison , Wisconsin , United States|