Ambros Josef Smart

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Ambros Josef Pfiffig OPraem (born January 17, 1910 in Vienna , † December 11, 1998 in Geras ) was an Austrian etrusologist .


Ambros Josef Pfiffig was a Premonstratensian and canon of the Geras Abbey . He received his doctorate in 1961 in the subjects of Ancient History and Classical Archeology under Artur Betz , Fritz Schachermeyr and Fritz Eichler at the University of Vienna . In the following years he worked for Emil Vetter . In 1968 , Pfiffig completed his habilitation in Etruscology and Italian Antiquity. From 1968 to 1976 he was a lecturer in Etruscology and Italian dialect studies at the University of Perugia . From 1979 to hisOn his retirement he worked as an honorary professor at the University of Vienna .

Smart was a member of the Istituto Nazionale di Studi Etruschi ed Italici in Florence and the Accademia Etrusca in Cortona . In 1988 he received the Austrian Cross of Honor for Science and Art, 1st class . In addition to his Etruscan research, he also examined the history of the Geras monastery. He is buried in the convent cemetery of the Geras Abbey.

Reports of Sexual Abuse of Boys

From 1946 to 1948, Pfiffig worked as prefect for the Regensburger Domspatzen . According to the chronicle of the then cathedral music director Theobald Schrems from 1960, Pfiffig had failed with a 16-year-old boy. After this became publicly known in May 1948, Pfiffig had to flee quickly across the Austrian border to his homeland there. At the turn of the year 1949, Pfiffig returned to his home monastery, the Premonstratensian Abbey in Geras, where he was entrusted with setting up his own boys' convent in August 1950 . According to the biographer Helga Hurnaus, parents of students of the boys' convent Geras Ambros Cleverly accused of pedophilia . In order to nip these rumors in the bud, the Order decided in 1957 to close the Knabenkonvikt and to give it off smartly. In September 1958, Pfiffig was sentenced in Vienna to a heavy prison sentence of two months to three years probation for “crimes of fornication with persons of the same sex”. At that time, he was also forbidden to take up a teaching post or to work in youth education.


  • Basilica and Premonstratensian Abbey of Geras. Collegiate and Parish Church of the Birth of Mary. = Geras Abbey. Schnell & Steiner, Munich et al. 1957 ( Kleine Kunstführer 653).
  • Studies on the Agramer mummy bandages. The Etruscan Liber linteus. Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1963 ( memoranda of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, philosophical-historical class. Volume 81)
  • Religio Iguvina. Philological and religious history studies on the bronze tablets of Gubbio. Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1964 ( memoranda of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, philosophical-historical class. Volume 84)
  • Uni - Hera - Astarte. Studies on the gold sheets by S. Severa / Pygri with Etruscan and Punic inscriptions. Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1965 ( memoranda of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, philosophical-historical class. Volume 88/2)
  • with Massimo Pallottino : The Etruscans. Fischer library, Frankfurt am Main 1965
  • The expansion of the Roman urban system in Etruria and the question of the subjugation of the Etruscans. Florence 1966 ( Biblioteca di "Studi Etruschi" 2)
  • A sacrificial vow to the Etruscan Minerva. Studies and materials on the interpretation of the lead strip by S. Marinella , Böhlau, Vienna 1968 ( memoranda of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, philosophical-historical class. Volume 99).
  • The Etruscan language. Attempt to present an overall picture. Academic Printing and Publishing Institute, Graz 1969.
  • Introduction to Etruscology. Problems - Methods - Results. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1972. 4th unchanged edition 1991. ISBN 3-534-06068-7 ( The archeology. Introductions)
  • Religio Etrusca. Sacred places, gods, cults, rituals. Adeva, Graz 1975, reprint VMA-Verlag Wiesbaden 1998.
  • with Johann Thomas Ambrózy, Gerhard Trumler: Geras Abbey and its art treasures. Verlag Niederösterreichisches Pressehaus, St. Pölten 1989, ISBN 3-85326-850-1 .


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Robert Werner: Abuse of the Domspatzen under Theobald Schrems , research from April 22, 2013 on regensburg-digital (last accessed March 2015).
  2. Helga Hurnaus: Ambros Josef Pfiffig. Musician, etrusologist, house historian , dissertation University of Vienna 2010, p. 15.
  3. Helga Hurnaus: Ambros Josef Pfiffig , 2010, p. 44.