John Joseph Krol

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Cardinal Krol (r.) With US President Ronald Reagan (1981)
Cardinal coat of arms

Cardinal John Joseph Krol (born October 26, 1910 in Cleveland , Ohio , USA , † March 3, 1996 in Philadelphia ) was Roman Catholic Archbishop of Philadelphia .


John Krol studied in Cleveland, Rome and Washington , the subjects philosophy and Catholic theology . He received on 20 February 1937 by the Bishop of Cleveland , Joseph Schrembs , the sacrament of Holy Orders and long then worked for a year as a parish pastor. After further studies, he became a lecturer at Cleveland Seminary in 1942. From 1943 to 1951 he worked as Vice Chancellor, from 1951 to 1954 as Chancellor of the Diocese of Cleveland.

On July 11, 1953, Pope Pius XII appointed him . as Titular Bishop of Cadi and Auxiliary Bishop in Cleveland . He was ordained episcopal by the Apostolic Delegate in the United States, Archbishop Amleto Giovanni Cicognani , on September 2 of the same year. Co- consecrators were the Bishop of Cleveland, Archbishop Edward Francis Hoban , and Auxiliary Bishop Floyd Lawrence Begin of Cleveland.

In 1954 John Joseph Krol became vicar general . On February 11, 1961, Pope John XXIII appointed him . as Archbishop of Philadelphia, the inauguration took place on March 22 of the same year.

Krol attended all four sessions of the Second Vatican Council as a council father.

Pope Paul VI took him on June 26, 1967 as a cardinal priest with the titular church Santa Maria della Mercede e Sant'Adriano a Villa Albani in the college of cardinals . From 1971 to 1974, John Joseph Krol was President of the United States Bishops' Conference . He resigned the leadership of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia in 1988 for reasons of age. John Joseph Krol died on March 3, 1996 in Philadelphia and was buried in the cathedral there.

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predecessor Office successor
John Francis Cardinal O'Hara Archbishop of Philadelphia
Anthony Joseph Cardinal Bevilacqua