Eleazar de Carvalho

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Eleazar de Carvalho (born June 28, 1912 in Iguatu , Ceará state , † September 12, 1996 in São Paulo ) was a Brazilian composer and conductor .


Statue Eleazar de Carvalhos in Gramado

De Carvalho was sent to the Naval School by his father, where he played tuba in various orchestras. From 1928 he studied music in Rio de Janeiro and played in the Banda dos Fuzileiros Navais . He later left the Navy, studied conducting with Francisco Mignone at the Music School of Rio de Janeiro and became Eugen Szenkar's assistant at the Orquestra Sinfônica Brasileira .

In 1945 he went to the USA and became a student of Sergei Kusewizki in Tanglewood . As his assistant - alongside Leonard Bernstein - he conducted the Boston Symphony Orchestra for the first time in 1947 . He later represented the sick Charles Munch with the Philadelphia Symphony Orchestra , and in 1951, after the death of Kussewizki, he succeeded him as director of the Berkshire Music Center .

In addition, he directed the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra for ten years , with which he gave more than 1,000 concerts. After leaving Tanglewood, he directed the New York Pro Arte Symphony Orchestra from 1968 to 1973 . He continued his teaching activities at Washington University , Hofstra University , the University of Tampa , the Juilliard School of Music and Yale University , where he received the title of Professor Emeritus. His students included conductors such as Claudio Abbado , Zubin Mehta , Seiji Ozawa , Gustav Meier , David Wooldridge , Harold Farberman and Charles Dutoit .

Since the 1940s, de Carvalho was also internationally active as a conductor. He directed u. a. the Berliner and Wiener Symphoniker and made the works of Brazilian composers such as Heitor Villa-Lobos known in Europe . From 1973 until his death he directed the Orquestra Sinfônica do Estado de São Paulo .

In addition to chamber music works, De Carvalho composed a. a. symphonic poems and operas.