Karl Junker (artist)

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Karl Junker with a model of the Junker House , around 1900

Karl Friedrich Junker , called Karl Junker (born August 30, 1850 in Lemgo ; † January 24 or 25, 1912 ibid) was a German painter , sculptor and architect in Lemgo / Lippe .


Karl Junker attended the Citizens' School in Lemgo from 1857 to 1864, from 1865/66 to 1868/69 he trained there as a carpenter with Wilhelm Stapperfenne. Junker lived from April 1869 to September 1871 in Hamburg , where he presumably worked and learned as a carpenter or cabinet maker. From there he signed up for Munich, where he attended the Royal School of Applied Arts from 1873 to 1875 and on April 17, 1875 in enrolled in the Academy of Fine Arts . A - possibly longer - stay in Italy can be assumed between 1877/78 and 1883. In 1877/78 Karl Junker signed up as “Painter from Munich” in the Casa Baldi in Olevano Romano ; numerous drawings of sites in northern and central Italy were made. Junker had been back in Lemgo since August 1883, from 1887 he was demonstrably living there and on October 27, 1889 applied for the construction of the Junker House , the completion of which he announced on March 9, 1891.

Between the end of 1889 and May 1893, Junker built himself a house in Lemgo according to his own plans, which he himself referred to as a Junker's house and which can be partially visited today. For his pictures and sculptures , the Junkerhaus Museum, which is attached to the rear of the house, opened on September 11, 2004 .

Most of the surviving works by Karl Junker can be dated to the years after 1893, most of which have no date, title or signature. Little is known about Junkers' activities in the almost two decades up to his death. The more than 150 picture fields on the walls and ceilings of the Junker House and the large number of pictures on wood or canvas provide information.

Karl Junker's chair

Even during his lifetime, Karl Junker was considered a loner and eccentric. He died of pneumonia at the age of 61 in his hometown and was buried there on January 29, 1912.

An unpublished biography can be viewed in the Lemgo City Archives.

In the year after his death, 55 works by Junkers - 26 paintings , eleven watercolors , 13 drafts and sketches as well as five carvings and furniture - were shown in a separate section of the 6th collective exhibition of the Neue Secession artist group in Berlin. Curt Glaser said in 1914: "Nevertheless it is worth visiting the exhibition of the Neue Sezession just for the sake of Karl Junkers, which with this discovery ensures an attraction that its bigger sister (the exhibition in the Free Secession Berlin) lacks." An unknown author called the exhibition in the volume of Thieme and Becker's artist lexicon published in 1926 "the rather unsuccessful attempt at artistic rehabilitation."

In 1998 a one-day symposium with the title “Art and Architecture in Lippe around 1900: Karl Junker and the Junker House” took place in Lemgo, the lectures of which were published.


  • Götz J. Pfeiffer: "Your soul ... that found its way in the meandering of fantastic palaces". Art historical study with catalog on 99 wall and ceiling picture fields in six rooms of the Junker House in Lemgo as well as on a canvas painting and three panel paintings by Karl Junkers (1850-1912). Manuscript, Frankfurt 2007.
  • Monika Jagfeld: "After a hundred years you will recognize what I was". A wooden sculpture by Karl Junker (1850–1912). In: collect madness. Outsider Art from the Dammann Collection. Heidelberg 2006, pp. 168-173.
  • Götz J. Pfeiffer: Orpheus in the underworld with Karl Junker (1850-1912). The artist and his works between Fatum and Fama. In: Rosenland. II, 2005, pp. 19-37.
  • Regina Fritsch, Götz J. Pfeiffer: The Junker House in Lemgo (= Lippe cultural landscapes . Issue 1). Lippischer Heimatbund, Detmold 2004, ISBN 3-926311-98-3 .
  • Götz J. Pfeiffer: … it's worth it for Karl Junkers' sake alone…. Art historical study on 53 wall and ceiling picture fields of the Junker House, on 16 panel paintings and on a canvas painting by the Lemgo artist Karl Junker, manuscript, Berlin 2002.
  • Regina Fritsch, Jürgen Scheffler (Ed.): Karl Junker and the Junker House. Art and architecture in Lippe around 1900. Contributions to the symposium on March 21, 1998 (= writings of the Städtisches Museum Lemgo. Volume 4). Publishing house for regional history, Bielefeld 2000, ISBN 3-89534-287-4 .
  • Peter Gorsen : Karl Junker, 1850–1912. The house in Lemgo. In: Ingried Brugger, Peter Gorsen, Klaus Albrecht Schröder (eds.): Art & Wahn. Cologne 1997, pp. 283-289.
  • Jan Ochalski: Karl Junker (1850-1912): biography of a universal artist taking painting into account. Univ. Diss., Bochum 1995.
  • Joachim Huppelsberg : Karl Junker: architect, wood carver, painter. 1850-1912. Old Hanseatic City of Lemgo (Ed.): Wagener, Lemgo 1985, ISBN 3-921428-48-3 .
  • Klaus Peter Schumann: Karl Junker - an artist from Lemgo between Impressionism, Art Nouveau and Expressionism. In: Peter Johanek, Herbert Stöwer (Ed.): 800 years of Lemgo. Aspects of the city's history. (= Contributions to the history of the city of Lemgo. Volume 2). Lemgo 1980, pp. 509-537.
  • Wilhelm Salber : rotating figures. Karl Junker. Painter, architect, sculptor. Self-published, Lemgo 1978.
  • Gerhard Kreyenberg: The Junker House in Lemgo i. L. A contribution to the art of schizophrenics. In: Journal for the whole of neurology and psychiatry. Issue 114 (1), 1928, pp. 152-172.
  • New Secession. Sixth exhibition. New gallery. Exhibition catalog. Berlin W. Lennéstr. 6a, undated (Berlin), undated (1913).

Web links

Commons : Karl Junker  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Heiko Hesse: A house made of love. The architect waited for his bride for over 20 years and expanded her marital home. He did it in vain. In: the daily newspaper, February 14, 1987, p. 18
  2. Götz J. Pfeiffer: ... it's worth it just for Karl Junkers' sake ... Art-historical study of 53 wall and ceiling panels of the Junker House, 16 panel paintings and a canvas painting by the Lemgo artist Karl Junker. Unpublished manuscript. Berlin 2002;
    Götz J. Pfeiffer: Your soul ... that found its way in the meandering pathways of fantastic palaces. Art historical study with a catalog of 99 wall and ceiling picture fields in six rooms of the Junker House in Lemgo as well as a canvas painting and three panel paintings by Karl Junkers (1850–1912). Unpublished manuscript. Frankfurt 2007.
    Both manuscripts in the Junkerhaus Museum ( junkerhaus.de ).
  3. Flyer Museum Junkerhaus (PDF; 1.1 MB). Old Hanseatic City of Lemgo (Municipal Museum), 2004.
  4. Bernd Enke: Karl Junker. Manuscript. Detmold 1982. - Unpublished biography; can be viewed in the Lemgo City Archives, cf. junkerhaus.de bibliography.
  5. ^ Curt Glaser: Exhibitions. Free and new secession in Berlin. In: Art Chronicle. NF XXV (1913/14), pp. 452-455.
  6. Junker, Karl . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 19 : Ingouville – Kauffungen . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1926, p. 338 .
  7. Archived copy ( memento of the original from October 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed December 2007) @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.staff-stiftung.de