district of Lausanne
|Coordinates||537685 / 150 964|
|district||Sous-Gare / Ouchy|
Ouchy is a district in the Sous-Gare / Ouchy district of the Swiss city of Lausanne .
Ouchy is located in the south of Lausanne, directly on the shores of Lake Geneva , at 373 m above sea level. M. (train station). Administratively, Ouchy is assigned the BFS code 5586-006.
With the Métro m2 , the only fully automated subway in Switzerland to date , Ouchy has been connected to the city center since September 18, 2008 - the m2 replaced the Lausanne – Ouchy cogwheel railway , which was closed on January 22, 2006 . The trains stop at the subway station of the same name on the lake shore. Thanks to the good traffic connections of the Compagnie générale de navigation sur le Lac Léman (CGN) , the connection to the surrounding Seeanstösser communities, including the opposite Évian-les-Bains in France , is guaranteed.
The urban area of Lausanne was already settled in the 4th millennium BC, and Ouchy should be ideally located for a first permanent settlement with its favorable location on the lake and harbor bay. The Romans probably built around 15 BC. In the place of a Celtic settlement in the area of today's Vidy a military camp, which they called Lousanna . Since the first century, a Roman vicus has developed at the transshipment point for merchant ships on the Valais – Lake Geneva – Rhône valley route ; At 1.2 kilometers long and 250 meters wide, it is the largest in Switzerland. It was probably destroyed during the Alamanni incursions around the year 260: the focus of the settlement shifted to the hill near the cathedral and came under the influence of the Burgundians in the second half of the 5th century .
The further development of the small harbor settlement near Ouchy is closely linked to the diocese of Lausanne and Ouchy Castle, which was built in the second half of the 12th century . Around 1445, the residents of the neighboring communities of Aran , Chatagny and Grandvaux were obliged to work on the expansion of the fortifications and in return were able to find shelter in the castle complex. After the Bernese conquered the Vaud region during the Reformation in 1536, Ouchy Castle was used as a prison for the occupiers.
The former small fishing village of Ouchy grew together with the expanding Lausanne until the middle of the 19th century and developed into the tourist center of Lausanne. On July 9, 1892, off Ouchy, there was a boiler explosion on the paddle steamer Mont Blanc , which caused 26 deaths due to a faulty design and insufficient maintenance. The Treaty of Ouchy between Italy and the Ottoman Empire, which ended the Italo-Turkish War , was signed in the castle on October 18, 1912 . On July 24, 1923, the Treaty of Lausanne was signed , and from June 16 to July 9, 1932, Ouchy was the venue for the Lausanne Conference .
Harbor and promenade
In Ouchy, the traditional port of Lausanne, there are striking hotel buildings from the 19th century, for example the Hôtel du Château d'Ouchy (1889–93) in neo-Gothic style, the Hôtel d'Angleterre (1775–79) and the Hôtel Beau- Rivage (1858-61). Well-known visitors include the aristocratic family Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn and Richard Strauss , who lived here with Pauline Strauss-de Ahna for a few years and who finished his opera Die Frau ohne Schatten .
Along the waterfront there are extensive parks, like the Parc du Denantou extend, with rest areas, sculptures and leisure facilities and the Quai a neo-Gothic tower ruin from 1830. The harbor area is not only as a recreational area extremely popular and especially among tourists, it is also popular with inline skaters and related sports of great popularity.
Other sights in the port area and its generously proportioned park include the seaside resort of Bellerive-Plage from 1937 and the extensive grounds of the Swiss National Exhibition from 1964, as well as the Olympic Museum (Musée Olympique) and the Musée de l'Elysée .
Landri de Dumes (Landrich von Dornach), Bishop of Lausanne from 1159 to 1179 , is considered to be the builder of a residential tower on what was then the river called Ouchy. The bishop's house of Ouchy has been mentioned since 1273 , from 1283 a castle ( castrum ), probably already a fortified castle complex with a curtain wall and economic buildings as an episcopal residence. Guillaume V. de Varax (Wilhelm von Varax), bishop from 1462 to 1466, lived here and expanded the castle complex, including the bishop's prison. After a catastrophic fire in 1609, the facility fell into disrepair. Jean-Jacques Mercier had the ruins rebuilt from 1885 as a neo-Gothic castle and hotel by the architect Francis Isoz.
Well-known organizations and companies based in Ouchy include the University Institute for Public Administration , the LO Holding Lausanne-Ouchy and the shipping company Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le Lac Léman (CGN), which ensures passenger navigation on Lake Geneva .
- Alfred de Glehn (* 1848; † 1936), mechanical engineer
- Pegeen Vail Guggenheim (1925 - 1967), painter
- Fritz Simrock (* 1837; † 1901), German music publisher
- Alexandre Vinet (* 1797; † 1847), Reformed theologian and literary historian
- Maurice Zundel (* 1897; † 1975), Swiss clergyman, theologian and philosopher
- Marcel Grandjean: Les Monuments d'Art e d'Histoire du Canton de Vaud, Tome IV: La commune de Lausanne. Villages, Hameaux et maisons de l'ancienne campagne lausannoise. Edited by the Society for Swiss Art History GSK. Bern 1981 (Art Monuments of Switzerland Volume 71) ISBN 3-7643-1208-4 . Pp. 41-73.
- Official website of the city of Lausanne
- Gilbert Coutaz: Ouchy. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- ↑ a b website swisscastles.ch: Ouchy Castle
- ↑ Website Musée de l'Elysée (French)
- ↑ Château d'Ouchy website ( Memento of the original dated August 27, 2006 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (English France)
- ↑ ge.ch, French-language commercial register of the canton of Geneva, spelling Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le Lac Léman for the entry of Michel Jeannet (ship restoration). Accessed on November 29, 2016
- ↑ Website Compagnie Générale de Navigation (CGN) ( Memento of the original of October 13, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.