Heinrich Drimmel

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Memorial plaque for Heinrich Drimmel (Landstraßer Gürtel 3)

Heinrich Drimmel (born January 16, 1912 in Vienna ; † November 2, 1991 ibid) was an Austrian lawyer , politician ( ÖVP ) and publicist .


Heinrich Drimmel was the son of a police officer. He completed his entire school and university education in Vienna. In 1935 he completed his law studies with a doctorate. From the age of twelve Drimmel was active in Catholic organizations, since his university studies in leading positions. From 1929 until its dissolution in 1936 he was a member of the Vienna Home Guard and the Student Freikorps of the Heimatschutz, from 1934 to 1937 he was at the head of student self-administration at Austrian universities.

Drimmel entered the Austrian civil service in 1936 and initially worked in the Vienna Financial Directorate; In 1937 he moved to the teaching department, where he worked on university and cultural matters. After the “ Anschluss ” he was transferred back to the financial service in 1938. From 1941 he was in military service, then in American captivity . After 1946 employed in the teaching department, he worked as secretary to Federal Minister Felix Hurdes . From 1952 he was head of the university section.

From 1954 to 1964 Drimmel was Minister of Education . He was considered a consistent representative of a conservative Catholicism and in this context stood in opposition to the political left, but also to reform Catholics like Friedrich Heer . Julius Raab more or less ironically called Drimmel an "old fascist " - a term that Drimmel himself liked to quote. Right at the beginning of his term of office there was a noticeable increase in the number of appointments from former National Socialists to the University of Vienna: Heinz Kindermann , Karl Mayrhofer , Richard Wolfram , Sylvia Klimpfinger and others. Among other things, he campaigned for the National Socialist and war criminal Oswald Menghin, who had fled to Argentina . In the course of his office he carried out the school reform in 1962. It enabled the conclusion of the Concordat in 1962 with the Catholic Church. A year earlier, however, he had already succeeded in implementing the federal law on the external legal relationships of the Evangelical Church according to the formula of a “free church in a free state”, of which the Protestant church representative stated more than satisfied that “in place of state dirigistration the Josefiner the real autonomy of the Church enters. ... While the concordat policy of the previous century recognized a privileged, dominant church, now for the first time the equality of the churches is being established. At the same time, however, the church is recognized as a unit given to the state and independent of it. In contrast to the liberalist separation of church and state, partnership ... is the decisive principle. But at the same time it confirms that the Church can only flourish in full freedom. ”Drimmel proved his commitment to cult politics and his close ties to the Eastern Churches beyond his ministerial work as the first President of the Pro Oriente Foundation from 1964 to 1969.

The Drimmel era also saw strong development in the higher education system in Austria. In 1962 a federal law was passed establishing a university for social and economic sciences, later the Kepler University in Linz. In the same year the University of Salzburg was rebuilt. The later University of Music in Graz was converted from a state conservatory into a federal academy in 1963. Even under Drimmel, a Carinthian university federation was set up in Carinthia, which led to the establishment of the university in Klagenfurt.

After his ministerial office, Drimmel was the leading city councilor in Vienna as well as deputy governor and deputy mayor from 1964 to 1969 . From 1956 (election on March 14, 1956) to 1969 he was also President of the Austrian Olympic Committee . In 1971 he withdrew from political life and wrote several successful popular scientific works on Austrian history.

Drimmel was a member of the Catholic Austrian University Association Nordgau Wien as well as numerous other associations in the Austrian Cartel Association (ÖCV) . He was also a member of the Austro-Germania Vienna Catholic Middle School Association, whose headquarters were relocated to Gmünd, Lower Austria, under the name Leopoldina in 1956 ( Middle Schools Kartell Association, MKV ).

He rests in the Vienna Central Cemetery (29-1-10) in an honorary grave .

In 1997, Heinrich-Drimmel-Platz in Vienna- Landstrasse (3rd district) was named after him.

Also in this district, since November 12, 2001, a memorial plaque commemorates him on his last house, Landstraßer Gürtel 3.


Works (selection)

  • The antipodes. the New World in the USA and Austria before 1918. Amalthea-Verlag, Vienna 1984, ISBN 3-85002-194-7 .
  • Emperor Franz. A Viennese survived Napoleon. Amalthea-Verlag, Vienna 1981, ISBN 3-85002-141-6 .
  • Franz of Austria. Emperor of the Biedermeier. Amalthea-Verlag, Vienna 1982, ISBN 3-85002-165-3 (continuation of "Kaiser Franz").
  • Franz Joseph. Biography of an era. Amalthea-Verlag, Vienna 1992, ISBN 3-85002-173-4 .
  • God receive. Biography of an era. Ullstein, Frankfurt / M. 1989, ISBN 3-548-33111-4 .
  • God with us. The end of an era. Ullstein, Frankfurt / M. 1989, ISBN 3-548-33110-6 .
  • God be gracious to us. The world from Josef Stalin to Jimmy Carter. Amalthea-Verlag, Vienna 1980, ISBN 3-85002-114-9 .
  • The houses of my life. Memories of a dedicated. Amalthea-Verlag, Vienna 1975, ISBN 3-85002-061-4 .
  • Austria 1918-38. Amalthea-Verlag, Vienna
  1. From revolution to civil war. Austria 1918–1927. 1985, ISBN 3-85002-206-4 .
  2. From the justice palace fire to the February uprising. Austria 1927–1934. 1986 ISBN 3-85002-221-8 .
  3. From the murder of the chancellor to the Anschluss. Austria 1934–1938. 1987, ISBN 3-85002-241-2 .
  • From the connection to the war. "Hitler, c'est la guerre". Amalthea-Verlag, Vienna 1989, ISBN 3-85002-274-9 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. See Evelyn Adunka : Friedrich Heer 1916–1983. Innsbruck 1995, p. 52.
  2. ^ Klaus Taschwer : stronghold of anti-Semitism. The decline of the University of Vienna in the 20th century . Vienna: Czernin, 2015; Pp. 266-267.
  3. Gerhard May : The new Protestant law. In: The furrow. July 15, 1961, p. 8.
  4. Dr. Drimmel President of the ÖOC . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna March 15, 1956, p. 8 ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
  5. ^ "Acta Studentica", volume 137, December 2001, p. 5
  6. List of all decorations awarded by the Federal President for services to the Republic of Austria from 1952 (PDF; 6.6 MB)
  7. Austrian official calendar 1970
  8. List of Honorary Degrees Conferred by The Catholic University of America (PDF; 164 kB).
  9. Interview with Drimmels on the occasion of the award
  10. Senate resolutions of the University of West Hungary 2014, No. 80 of May 21 (PDF).