Order of Alfonso X the Wise

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Order of Alfonso X the Wise

The order of Alfonso X the Wise was established by decree on April 11, 1939 by the Spanish head of state Francisco Franco as a replacement for the order Alfonso XII. and is intended to reward outstanding merits in the field of research, literature and art, as well as teaching. The award can be given to both residents and foreigners.

Order classes

The order consists of three classes, with the 1st and 2nd class each divided into two levels, as well as an associated medal

Order decoration
Collar of the Civil Order of Alfonso X, the Wise.svg
Insignia, Grand Cross and Star of the Civil Order of Alfonso X, the Wise.svg
Insignia of the Commander Grades of the Civil Order of Alfonso X, the Wise.svg
Cross of the Civil Order of Alfonso X, the Wise.svg
Medal of the Civil Order of Alfonso X, the Wise.svg
Collane Grand Cross Grand
Commandeur Knight medal

Strap buckle
ESP Alfonso X Order GC.svg
I. class
ESP Alfonso X Order - Common.svg
II / III. class

Order decoration

The sign of the order is a golden, red enamelled cross of lilies with openwork cross arms. In the blue enamelled medallion, which is surrounded by a white enamelled ring with the inscription ALFONSO X EL SABIO REY DE CASTILLA Y DE LÉON (Alfonso X the Wise, King of Castile and Léon), King Alfonso X is with a falcon in the right hand as well as the imperial orb in the left hand. In the lapel a purple-colored eagle with outstretched wings , its fangs rest on a blue globe .

Carrying method

The Collane consists of eleven black enameled eagles with outstretched wings and alternately six A (Alfonso) and six Roman numerals X . The Grand Cross is worn on a sash from the right to the left shoulder and with a breast star corresponding to the sign of the order . The grand officer and the commander decorated the award around their necks, while the grand officers also had a breast star. The knight's cross and the medal are worn on the ribbon with a buckle on the left side of the chest.

The ribbon is red.


  • Paul Ohm Hieronymussen: Handbook of European Orders in Colors , Universitas Verlag, Berlin 1966, pp. 182-184
  • Arnhard Graf Klenau: European Order from 1700 , Rosenheim 1978, ISBN 3-921566-05-3 , p. 198