Order of Alfonso X the Wise
The order of Alfonso X the Wise was established by decree on April 11, 1939 by the Spanish head of state Francisco Franco as a replacement for the order Alfonso XII. and is intended to reward outstanding merits in the field of research, literature and art, as well as teaching. The award can be given to both residents and foreigners.
The order consists of three classes, with the 1st and 2nd class each divided into two levels, as well as an associated medal
|Grand Cross Grand
The sign of the order is a golden, red enamelled cross of lilies with openwork cross arms. In the blue enamelled medallion, which is surrounded by a white enamelled ring with the inscription ALFONSO X EL SABIO REY DE CASTILLA Y DE LÉON (Alfonso X the Wise, King of Castile and Léon), King Alfonso X is with a falcon in the right hand as well as the imperial orb in the left hand. In the lapel a purple-colored eagle with outstretched wings , its fangs rest on a blue globe .
The Collane consists of eleven black enameled eagles with outstretched wings and alternately six A (Alfonso) and six Roman numerals X . The Grand Cross is worn on a sash from the right to the left shoulder and with a breast star corresponding to the sign of the order . The grand officer and the commander decorated the award around their necks, while the grand officers also had a breast star. The knight's cross and the medal are worn on the ribbon with a buckle on the left side of the chest.
The ribbon is red.
- Paul Ohm Hieronymussen: Handbook of European Orders in Colors , Universitas Verlag, Berlin 1966, pp. 182-184
- Arnhard Graf Klenau: European Order from 1700 , Rosenheim 1978, ISBN 3-921566-05-3 , p. 198